Volume 15, Issue 2, Spring 2015, Page 1-153


Evaluation the efficacy of two varieties of bacteria Bacillus sphaericus ,Bacillus thuringiensis var. israelensis On the control of mosquito Culex quinquefasciatus Say (Diptera:Culicidae)

Baraa Jalil saeed

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), 2015, Volume 15, Issue 2, Pages 1-12

Abstract:
the current research evaluation the efficacy of two varietes of bacteria Bacillus sphaericus and Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis and using vital factor to struggle mosquitoe Cx. quinquefasciatus, due to the impact of concentration of bacterial suspended and secondary metabolites in the larvae of mosquito of varieties, while there was no any destruction to the role of eggs and pupae and adults. Which recorded the higher rate of destruction for the larva 93.33% when treating the larva the first instar with concentration 1×106 spore / ml of bacterial suspension of Bacillus sphaericus, while the the lower rate of destruction 66.66% concentration of 1×103 spore/ml of bacterial suspension of Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis while the highest rate of destruction 90% while treating the first instar larvae concentrating of 3×106 spore/ml after 120 hours, while the lower rate of destruction 63.33% at the concentration 3×103 spore/ml at same period, for the respect of the effect of the concentration of secondary metabolic products the highest rate of destraction for the larvae of both species of bacteria mentioned 96.66% at the concentration of 100% after 72 hours of treatment, the lower rate of destruction reach for both species 66.66% at the concentration 25% in same period .

Study the effect of Topsin (Thiophanate-Methyl) fungicide on E. coli bacteria

May Hameed Mohammad Aldehamee

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), 2015, Volume 15, Issue 2, Pages 77-84

This study aimed to know the effect of three concentration of Topsin fungicide (0.05, 0.005, 0.0005) mg/l on E. coli colony isolated from sediment of Euphrates river and find if possible half lethal LC50 from pesticide to bacteria. The results appeared that different concentrations have different effects on bacterial colonies growth which were average (137-232) colony/ml, (462-538) colony/ml and (605-657) colony/ml with percentage (17.41-29.71)%, (60.16-65.44)% and (71.51-83.06)% to three concentration respectively. The result pointed to the value of LC50 was 0.0099 mg/l. Also test tubes that have pesticide showed growth, which pointed to bacteria adaption for these concentration. the results pointed to a significant differentiation between growth average in probability at level (0.05) and reverse correlation coefficient between concentration and average of growth.

The study of mechanical properties of the polyaniline: Alcaúlan clays nanocomposite

Ghufran M.Shabeeb

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), 2015, Volume 15, Issue 2, Pages 120-125

Intercalation composite of polyaniline and clay has been reported.The composite was prepared by in polymerization of aniline with "Alcaúlan" Clay.Were studied of the mechanical properties of polyaniline/ Alcaúlan clay.
Which was prepared in Almokhtbroand accurate size equal to(≤ 250)μm. Mechanical properties are studing several variables such as the coefficient Jonk, tensile strength, elongation, fracture resistance and hardness.The results showed that the hardness of PAni/clay increase with increasing PAni/clay increase with temperature. Also fracture strength increase with increasing temperature

Physiological harmony of hormones related to the thyroid gland function in cretinous sheep

Hassan; A-S. U

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), 2015, Volume 15, Issue 2, Pages 1-13

The present study showed that cretinous rams and ewes revealed an obvious elevation of TSH values accompanied with a declined values of both T3 and T4 from the same samples. Each of these results revealed significant differences in probability values under 0.05 (p< 0.05) when compared with samples from normal sheep of the same species. It can be concluded that cretinous sheep had a disturbance in thyroid physiology opened the hypothesis that it is primary hypothyroidism type.

Using the tasseled cap (TCT) and principle component analysis (PCA) transform on satellite image from area of Al diwaniya city

Israa Hussein mohammed

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), 2015, Volume 15, Issue 2, Pages 113-119

In this paper treated the tasseled cap transformation (TCT) and the principle component analysis (PCA) applied to satellite image of land sat 7 enhanced thematic mapper plus (ETM+). The image taken on march 25,2001 that included the area between Al diwaniya center and southern of its . These techniques are similar,the analysis of the transformation images obtained shows that the results of pca and tct was proved to be a reliable and convenient methods of landsat ETM+ data .the information on vegetation and soil easier to display and understand but pca is best than tct in the resolution of information . The tasseled cap transformation gives an information on the types of the vegetations and soil and the wetness was highlight as shown as the river color .

Study of Some Physical Properties and thermodynamic functions for mercabtoacetamide derivatives by using calculations (DFT-Model).

Manal A. Mohammad

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), 2015, Volume 15, Issue 2, Pages 92-100

A study of (2-mercaptoacetamide) novelty ligands were carried out theoretical study by DFT/B3LYP(3-211G)(d,p) method by using the program (Gaussian 09) .
The results have shown calculation that the compound (C10H12N2O2S2) has the highest value of thermodynamic functions (E0,H0,G0,A0, CV,CP,S0) but the compound (C4H8N2O2S2) has the lowest value of these functions when The results showed that both nitrogen atoms (N1(3),N6(12,4)) had the highest negative charge in the compound (C10H12N2O2S2) which makes it a strong legend when Linked to metal and the formation of the complex.
For(C6H12N2O2S2,C10H12N2O2S2, C4H8N2O2S2) molecules calculated someof physical properties ( dipole moment μ in Debye ) , orbital energies (EHOMO,ELUMO in eV),IP (in e V) , (measurement stability ΔE ) , (hardness ɳ) , (Electron Affinity EA),(χElectronegativity)and(Ѡ Electrophilicity) in eV . Also For these molecules the calculated (ΔHf 0 (in KJ/mole) by using (semi-empirical method PM3 model in MOPAC program). Calculation results have shown that the compound (C6H12N2O2S2) the lower value of the heat of formation (the more Stability) as well as the compound (C10H12N2O2S2) has the lowest value of ΔE and IP.

Molecular Detection of Virulence Factors Genes in Pseudomonas aeruginosa Isolated from Different Infections Cases in Al-Diwaniya Hospital

Wafaa A. J. Al-Kaaby

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), 2015, Volume 15, Issue 2, Pages 53-58

Pseudomonas aeruginosa is the most important and dangerous organism in human infections due to production of several extracellular and cell-associated virulence factors that cause severe tissue damage, the most important virulence factors including (exoenzyme S, exotoxinA and lipoprotein), these factors was encoded by (exoS, toxA and oprI gene respectively). In this study we used polymerase chain traction technique (PCR) for detection virulence factor genes producing by P. aeruginosa that isolated from wound, burn and pulmonary tract infections patient swab samples. The PCR results was show that all P. aeruginosa isolates was carried virulence factors genes with difference in prevalence between them. The burn infection P. areuginosa isolates were show high prevalence of virulence factors genes more than wound and pulmonary tract infections isolates as well as the virulence factor gene (ToxA) was show high production in most isolates. In this study we concluded that the production of virulence factors genes in P. aeruginosa is important to human infection especially (ToxA) gene and the PCR technique is very specific and fast method in detection virulence factor genes in P. areuginosa.

A Thermodynamic Study of Adsorption of Sulfadiazine on Tween 20 and Tween 40

Hussain Ali Shaheed

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), 2015, Volume 15, Issue 2, Pages 125-136

: This study is concerned with Thermodynamic adsorption of antibiotic (Sulfadiazine) on Tween 20 & Tween 40 surfaces. Due to the high usage of Pharmacuticals and Personal Care Products (PPCP) by human, that might led to increase the rate of water pollution specially where no effective ways for treating sewerage waters. Uv-Visible Spectrophotometric technique has been used to study the adsorption isotherms. The results obtained show that adsorption isotherms on the two surfaces were of types S2 and S3 according to Giles classification which agrees with Freundlich equation of adsorption. the isotherms refers to increasing of initial adsorbate concentration substances leads to increasing of adsorption. The study is focused on the effect of temperature between the range of (303-318)K on the adsorption of sulfadiazine and the two surfaces. The results showed that the adsorption of sulfadiazine on Tween20 & Tween40 increase with increase temperature.The effect of acidic function was conducted as well,and the results of adsorption were following: pH= 9.5 ˃ 7 ˃ 4.5 ∆H values showing adsorption is physical.

Serological Study for Toxoplasmosis in newly born babies

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), 2015, Volume 15, Issue 2, Pages 113-124

Toxoplasmosis is a serious problem for this the current study was conducted on newborns in the province of Diwaniyah at the period from the beginning of November 2012 until the end April 2013 through diagnosis by Rapid test primary and then tested by Latex agglutination test and verify the existence of antibodies IgM and IgG in the serum of newborns using a test ELISA test . Samples were collected from patients coming to the Children maternity teching Hospital 50 blood samples of, were collected the results showed the rapid test recorded a positive toxoplasmosis in the easiest and quick and cheapest in the diagnosis of toxoplasmosis , where results showed the current study by the results of Rapid test IgG-IgM percentage of Toxoplasmosis in 14 %, 4 % and 36% of IgG,IgM and IgG and IgM resfectivety ,where as 14% of tested samples were given a positive result when tested by Latex agglutination test, while ELISA test was appeared only 30% IgG positive. study showed that The highest infection rate in age group ( 29-20 ) and proportions infect was ( 4 % ) of the infect and acute (16 ) for interlaced infected while the infect was chronic infection rate in the age group ( ( 39-30) and at a rate (6%) , and (8 % ) using the test latex and (20 % ) using ELISA IgG examined within the age group ( 29-20 ) .

Study the effect of Topsin (Thiophanate-Methyl) fungicide on E. coli bacteria

May Hameed Mohammad Aldehamee

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), 2015, Volume 15, Issue 2, Pages 77-84

This study aimed to know the effect of three concentration of Topsin fungicide (0.05, 0.005, 0.0005) mg/l on E. coli colony isolated from sediment of Euphrates river and find if possible half lethal LC50 from pesticide to bacteria. The results appeared that different concentrations have different effects on bacterial colonies growth which were average (137-232) colony/ml, (462-538) colony/ml and (605-657) colony/ml with percentage (17.41-29.71)%, (60.16-65.44)% and (71.51-83.06)% to three concentration respectively. The result pointed to the value of LC50 was 0.0099 mg/l. Also test tubes that have pesticide showed growth, which pointed to bacteria adaption for these concentration. the results pointed to a significant differentiation between growth average in probability at level (0.05) and reverse correlation coefficient between concentration and average of growth.

Synthesis and Characterization New Types Antimicrobial Polymers and Study Biological Activity

Rafid K. Kmal

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), 2015, Volume 15, Issue 2, Pages 59-85

This research describes the synthesis new co-polymers which can synthesized from the reaction of (Toluen sulphonic acid , 2,4-Di chloro benzoic acid , p-hydroxy benzoic acid, Aniline, and p-Bromo phenol ) with (Hydroquinone, chloro benzoic acid, 5-Sulphosalicalic acid,and p-Bromo aniline ) respectively and formaldehyde in presence of HCl as catalyst, These polymers were identified by FT-IR spectroscopy The antibacterial,antifungal and antiyeast activities of the synthesized polymers were also screened on various bacteria ,fungal and yeast .All the prepared polymers show excellent antimicrobial activities as compared to the standard ciprofloxacin and amphotericin –B drugs.

Study the efficiency of aqueous extracts of green tea and licorice on testicular tissue and epididymye for the male rats treatment by Dimethoate

Hussein Khudair AL- Mayali

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), 2015, Volume 15, Issue 2, Pages 13-23

The present study aimsat assessthe protective role of aqueous extract of green tea and aqueous extract of
licorice in reducing toxicity of the pesticide Dimethoate ongenital tissues of male rats. In this experiment
(25) male from adult rats were randomly assigned to 5 equal groups, Each group comprises (5) animals.
Control group (C) gavage with distilled water, First group (T1) gavage pesticide Dimethoateconcentration
(12, 5) mg/kg of body weight, Second group (T2) gavage Dimethoateconcentration (12.5) mg/kg and
aqueous extract of green tea a concentration of 100 mg/kg of body weight, Third group (T3) gavage
Dimethoateconcentration (12.5) mg/kg and aqueous extract of licorice concentration of 100 mg/kg of body
weight, The fourth group (T4) gavage Dimethoateconcentration (12.5) mg/kg and aqueous extract of green
tea a concentration of 100 mg/kg and aqueous extract of licorice concentration (100) mg / kg of body
weight. After 60 days,genitals eradicated for the purpose of textile on study them, Histological examination
showed pathological changes in the occurrence of the testis and epididymis tissues in (T1) represented by
its small diameter tubular deferens and the lack of high cells lining the tail of the epididymis. Also, the
number of cells established for sperm cells and spermatid and leydig cells has been reducedand cells for
sperm Spermatogoniaget vacuolation and necrosis of the facility. While the use of green tea extract and
licorice individually or both has (synergistic combination) positive effects in the prevention of testicular
tissue and culverts from the damage caused by the toxicity of the pesticide.

The study of bacterial growth on highand low-density polyethylene modified with AlhagiGraecorum

Hamed A. Hamdi

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), 2015, Volume 15, Issue 2, Pages 24-29

In the present study, high and low density polyethylene with 35% of polyethylene weight
contents of AlhagiGraecorumfilms were investigated for their resistance to bacterial adhesion.
All tested bacteriawere brought from the microbiology laboratory in college of Veterinary in
Basrah University and diagnostic .
The disc diffusion method was employed for this purpose. Bacterial growth on both highdensity and low-density polyethylene– AlhagiGraecorumcomposite were reported. We
compared initial adhesion and surface growth of staphylococcus aureus , streptococcus
pyogens, pseudomonas spp., aerugenosa, eschrishia coli and klebciala spp. A 5 mm polymer
composites disc were inoculated in the 9 cm Petri dish for 24 hours and the zone of inhibition
and bacterial growing were observed and recorded. After 24 hours the bacterial growing of
tested bacteria were distributed all over the control agarwith surface growth on the polymeric
composites films. A dense growth with much bacterial adhesion on the surface of
polyethylene-AlhagiGraecorumdiscs.According to the nature of high density polyethylene
surface, density ,diffuse biodegradability we found that the bacterial adhesion to LDPE is
much than that of HDPE. It was found that the AlhagiGraecorumcontent have no clear
inhibition against tested bacteria where this might be due to a limitation of the agar disc
diffusion method. All obtained results of bacterial growth were explained in term of physicochemical properties of the microbial and biomaterial surfaces (AlhagiGraecorum in this case
which comes from plant sources and in term of the cell wall of bacteria which is having
negative electrical charge and the interaction between bacteria and other material depend on
specific interactions, such as electrostatic and Lifshitz–Vander Waals forces, hydrophobic
interactions and a variety of specific receptor–adhesin interactions .The differences in
bacterial growing radius was obvious were the (1 -17) range in millimeter was obtained for
both Escherchia coliو and Streptocouuspyogenes respectively. Finally our product can be
consider friendly environmental material due to it’s biodegradability specially when buried in
soil

Identification study of Giardialambliawhich associated with drinking water in some areas in AL-Diwaniacity by using flotation method and ConventionalReceved

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), 2015, Volume 15, Issue 2, Pages 30-35

The present study which including testing 140 samples of drinking water which taken from
seven area in AL-Diwanyiaregion by using the flotation
method and conventional-PCR for identified and diagnosed of G.lamblia
,the results of this study refers into the
percentage of drinking water contamination was %22.85.Also, the results were showing, the
higher percentage of contamination was recorded in drinking water in the AL-Sadder area
was %45 and the lowerpercentage was in AL-Tagia and AL-Hokum area which was %5 of
each one of them.
The results of statistical analysis ,showing there were significant differentiation in the
percentage of drinking water between areas in probabilitylevel 0.05.Also the results of
confirmative detection of Giardin gene by using conventional-PCR, showing the percentage
of contamination drinking water was %5.71.
Keyword:

Detection of microorganisims and metals in some tea types in local markets of Iraq

Sudad; J.M

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), 2015, Volume 15, Issue 2, Pages 36-44

The black tea from more types of hot drinks mission in Iraq in particular and beverage job in
all parts of the world in general, because the tea because of the composition of chemicals have
a close relationship to human health, and is the tea of hot drinks that contain antioxidants,
dubbed (Flavoonoidz) which protect the arteries as these antibiotics inhibit cholesterol
gathered on the inner walls of the arteries and thus maintain human health. For this reason,
has been studied load microbial for tea and to make sure they are free of harmful bacteria and
ensure the safety of the product depending on the specification of Iraq through microbial
content knowledge and comparing them to standard microbial content and microbial tests
included (The Total Count of Bacteria, Molds and Yeasts promised last resort counting total
Coliform) and has also study the composition of chemical tea by estimating the metal
elements trace like element(Lead, Copper, Iron, Cadmium, Zinc) for black tea available in the
local Markets of the City of Baghdad and fourteen brand include (Prairies, Lions, Knock,
Blable).for tea Black Phil and type (Jehan, Perfume, Apple, Mahmud, Mahboba) type of
black tea filled and (Ahmed Hill, Lipton, Alkozy peach, AlkozyCurrant,Ahmed perfumed) for
the type of tea bags is melting fast. Taking the test results showed the presence of Microbial
numbers of bacteria, yeasts and molds in tea products, as well as showing that all these free
samples of the total Coliform. The test results showed chemotherapy for a higher
concentration of the Lead was (0.2263µg/g) for mark tea prairies, while appeared less
concentration of the Lead was (0.0000µg/g) ofTea mark (knock, Apple, Mahmud,
Mahboba).As for Cadmium element higher concentration was (0.0426μg / g) for tea sign
prairies and appeared less concentration of Cadmium was (0.0009μg / g) for tea brand apple.
As for the Iron element and higher concentration was (2.6117μg / g) for tea brand Lipton and
less focus of iron elemental appeared (0.3868μg / g) for tea brand Mahboba. As for the
element Copper higher concentration was(0.2798μg / g) for tea sign Alkozy peach and less
concentration of the element Copper appeared (0.1490μg / g) for tea brand perfumed. As for
Zinc the highestlevelofthe element concentration was(0.0196 µg/g)sign to Lipton tea and less
focus of the element concentration was(0.0026 µg/g)sign to apple tea.

Molecular Study of Aeromonasspp. Isolated from Clinical and Environmental Samples

Safaa M. Salman

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), 2015, Volume 15, Issue 2, Pages 45-55

Receved :7/4/2015 Accepted : 9/6/2015
and Azhar N. Hussien
AL-Qadisiya University / Collegeof Education / Biology Department
E-Mails:
Abstract
A total of 259 specimen from different clinical sources from patients of AL-Diwanyia's
hospitals and environmental sources ( water) were collected. Biochemical and morphological
characterization tests besides the use of API 20 E and Vitek System and Polymerase Chain
Reaction (PCR)Technique which used 16S rDNA geneshowed that seventeen isolates were
identified as Aeromonas spp. These Isolates distributed as : 8 isolates belong to A. hydrophila
, 4 isolates belong to A. sobria , 4 isolates belong to A. caviae and one isolate belong to A.
salmonicida . PCR was used for detecting virulence factors such as exotoxin genes :
hemolysin (hly A) , aerolysin(aer A) and cytolytic enterotoxin (aer) , results showed that
77.7% and 62.5% of environmental and clinical isolates had hly A while 44.4 % and 50 %
54
2015 ﺔﻨﺳ 2 ﺩﺪﻌﻟﺍ 20 ﺪﻠﺠﻤﻟﺍ ﺔﻓﺮﺼﻟﺍ ﻡﻮﻠﻌﻠﻟ ﺔﻴﺳﺩﺎﻘﻟﺍ ﺔﻠﺠﻣ
had aer A , aer gene just found in clinical isolates in rate 25% while didn't found in
environmental isolates .The same technique (PCR)was also used for detecting resistance
genes of beta - lactam antibiotic : blaCMY , blaTEM , blaCTX-M , and blaSHV genes which used in
this study . The results showed that 11.76% had blaCMYgene , 5.88% had blaTEM gene and
17.64% had blaCTX-M gene of all isolates , while blaSHV gene didn't found in all the types of
isolates which isolated from clinical and environmental sources .

Comparative anatomical study of liver in males Falco peregrinus,CoturnixcoturnixandAnascrecca

DhferahJaafarAbd Ali

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), 2015, Volume 15, Issue 2, Pages 56-64

The current study was conducted in the laboratory of histology for Graduate
Studies in the Department of biology/ College of Education for women / University of
Kufa .
The study included, anatomical study to the liver in male thirty birds, Falco
peregrinus, Coturnixcoturnix, and Anascrecca(10 birds for each type). The aims of
this study were achieved to estimate anatomical charecterstic and structers in three of
the birds and compare between these species
The results of the current study showed that the liver of the male three types of
birds are located in the middle of celomic cavity. The liver composed of two lobes,
small right lobe and large left lobe in F.peregrinus and C. coturnix while the right is
the biggest in A. crecca, furthermore, left lobe in C. coturnix was divided into two
portion, dorsal and ventral. The color of liver was graduated from dark brown – dark
red in F.peregrinus and A. crecca while light brown - dark brown in C. coturnix.And
the percentage of the weight of the liver in male F.peregrinus represents the lowest
rate when compared C. coturnix where significant differences showed the level (p
<0.02), while the difference in the percentage when compared A. crecca was clear
level (p <0.06) but did not reach the level of morale.

Sensitivity of Bacteria Isolated From Patients With Urinary Tract Infection for Antibiotics

Mohammed Oudah Hamad

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), 2015, Volume 15, Issue 2, Pages 65-76

Department of Ecology , Faculity of Science , University of Kufa
Mohammedhamad23@gmail.com
Abstract
Atotal of four hundred and fourty three samples were collected from midstream urine taken from
patients suffering from urinary tract infections. 130 isolates of bacteria were isolated and identified
depending on their morphological properties( cultural and microscopical) and biochemical tests. The study
has declared that the ratio of separation E.coli was 51(39.2%) , P.aeruginosa 20( 15.4%) ,
KlebsiellaPneumoniae18( 13.8) ,Proteus mirabilis . 15( 11.5%) , S.epidermidis 11(8.4%) , Salmonella
typhimurium , 7( 5.3%) and Shigelladysenteriae 6( 4.6%) ,S.aureus 2(1.5%). The antibiotics sensitivity of
the isolates were tested against twenty four antibiotics, the most isolates showed high resistance. The
meropenem, impinem ,Siftrixone , Cifotaxime ,amikacin and ciprofloxacin were found more effective. The
minimum inhibition concentrations of isolates were higher. The combination of quinolones (ciprofloxacin
and norfloxacin) with aminoglycoside (amikacin), and cephalosporins (sefitrixon) and aminoglycoside
with quinolones showed active synergism effect of these mixers against multidrugs resistance
Pseudomonas aeruginosa and K. pneumoniae isolates.

Study the effect of Topsin (Thiophanate-Methyl)fungicide on E. coli bacteria

May Hameed Mohammad Aldehamee

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), 2015, Volume 15, Issue 2, Pages 77-84

This study aimed to know the effect of three concentration of Topsin fungicide (0.05, 0.005,
0.0005) mg/l on E. coli colony isolated from sediment of Euphrates river and find if possible
half lethal LC50 from pesticide to bacteria. The results appeared that different concentrations
have different effects on bacterial colonies growth which were average (137-232) colony/ml,
(462-538) colony/ml and (605-657) colony/ml with percentage (17.41 -29.71)%, (60.16-
65.44)% and (71.51-83.06)% to three concentration respectively. The result pointed to the
value of LC50 was 0.0099 mg/l. Also test tubes that have pesticide showed growth, which
pointed to bacteria adaption for these concentration. The results pointed to a significant
differentiation between growth average in probability at level (0.05) and reverse correlation
coefficient between concentration and average of growth.

The effect ofaqueous extract of garlic frozen on the blood picture , liver and kidneys, in the rats treated with cadmium chloride

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), 2015, Volume 15, Issue 2, Pages 85-93

The study include two side :
First: study the effect of cadmium chloride on blood picture (RBC,WBC,Hb,PCV)
and the co
unter system for the oxidation of glutathione and lipid peroxidation in addition to its
effect on the liver and kidneys in male rats and the second study the effect of aqueous
extract of garlic frozen on the toxicity of cadmium chloride, Thirty rats male were
randomly divided into three equal groups : control group (c) which were given
normal tap water, group treatment (M1) which given cadmium chloride concentration
(30 mg / L) in their drinking water and group treatment (M2) which were given
cadmium chloride concentration (30 mg / ml) and aqueous extracts of garlic frozen
concentration (250 mg / L) in their drinking water . The results showed that the effect
of cadmium chloride was significant, and the results showed that the aqueous extract
of garlic frozen gave significant effect on the inhibition of the toxicity of cadmium
chloride user concentration of (30 mg / L) .

Effect of seed size,number of irrigation peroids and nitrogen fertilization levels on grain yield of Fenugreek ( Trigonella foenum-graecum L .) and active subastance production.

Mohammed Swadi Zgher

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), 2015, Volume 15, Issue 2, Pages 94-112

Field experment was carried out to study the effect of seed size(: small 100seeds 7.56
mm
3 and large 100seeds 20mm3),irrigation(forth levels : 3 , 6 , 9 , 12 days period) and
nitrogen fertilization ( 0 , 5 , 10 , 15 kgN/d). Experment set up in Black plastic Plots(9kgs
capacities). The design of the experment was RCBD in split-split sub plot arragment in three
replications ,seeds were sown at stayer pore in 20 gm peatmoss at 1/9/2013, and seeding
trnsfer in to plots at 1/10 , sample of soil was took befor planting for analyzed to determine
physical & chemical properties ,dry seeds were taken 4 month after planting for analyzed to
showed grain yield, percentage of nitrogen , carbohydrate, protien, oil, proline and trigoline
alkloide. Results indicated all facters and interactions were signifcant effects and incresed
grain yield, percentages of carbohydrate, and oil at interaction of large seeds size and every 3
days irrigation and 5kgN/d , while max percentages of nitrogen , protein , proline and
trigoline at interaction of small seeds size and 12 days irrigation and 5kgN/d.

The Effect of Ionization Cross Section on Photoinduced Absorption of Bi12SiO20 Crystal

Haider; amil Hanoon

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), 2015, Volume 15, Issue 2, Pages 137-142

This research aims to study the effect of cross section ionization (S1) on the photoinduced
absorption in the bismuth silicate oxide crystal (Bi12SiO20) after it exposure to the laser with
wavelengths (532nm, 633nm) and it is assumed that the theoretical model is to explain the
experimental results that will get in laboratory ,where we take different values for cross section
ionization in theoretical model and we noticed how it affects on the ratio(I/I0) of transmitting
intensity and incident intensity.

Studying of deformation effect on energy levels in heavy nuclei region

Qaissar Abdulhussein

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), 2015, Volume 15, Issue 2, Pages 143-153

The work aims to study nuclear structure for some heavy nuclei Using the first interacting
bosons model (IBM-1) and it calculated low-lying structure levels To determine the type of
dynamic symmetry that those isotones belongs to it (178Yb, 180Hf, 182W, 184Os ) It has been
predicted angular momentum and parity for some energy levels that have not been a
definite to be a specific has been confirmed each other and find the momentum and
symmetry of some of the other not previously denitrified practically

Effect of different concentrations of nitrate andphosphateon Geosmin and 2-Methylisoborneol production by some species of cyanobacteria

ad M. Alkam

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), 2015, Volume 15, Issue 2, Pages 14-29

This study is considered the first of its kind in Iraq, It deals with compounds that never
had been studied in Iraq called taste and odour compounds, mostfrequentweregeosmin and 2-
MIB. Two species were identified as producers for taste and odour compounds, the first was
Phormidiumretzii produced geosmin and Microcoleusvaginatus produced 2-MIB which were
recorded for the first time in the world as a producer. The headspace solid phase
microextraction method was used to extract these two compounds from aqueous solution,
which were used for the first time in Iraq.
Four concentrations of nitrate and phosphate were used (97, 350, 861 and 1500 µgNO3--
N/L) and(12, 40, 400 and 870 µgPO4--P/L), for observing its effect upon the production of
geosmin and 2-MIB by two cyanobacterialspecies.Themaximalproductionofgeosmin was
281.38 ng/l occurred at 861µg NO3-N/L, whereas the higher production of 2-MIB was 296
ng/l occurred at the same concentration in the late of logarithmic phase. The high
concentration of nitrate (1500 µgNO3--N/L) leaded to suppressed geosmin and 2-MIB
productions.Themaximalproductionofgeosmin was 132.2 ng/l occurred at 870µg PO4-P/L,
whereas the higher production of 2-MIB was 167.2 ng/l occurred at the same concentration in
the late logarithmic phase.

Antifungal activity of agent produced by Streptomycesspp. isolated from soil samples

Samer M. Al-Hulu

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), 2015, Volume 15, Issue 2, Pages 30-36

Thirty soil samples were collected from Hilla City. Thirteen actinomycetes isolates was
isolated. Antifungal activity of these isolates were tested against C. albicans . Results showed
that actinomycetes. 4 was given higher inhibition zone compared with other isolates.
Actinomycetes. 4 isolate was selected for extraction of antifungal agent. According to
cultural and biochemical tests of Actinomyces. 4 these isolates was belong to Streptomyces
spp. Streptomyces spp.4 isolate was grey aerial mycelium, and yellow-green substrate
mycelium , no melanin production and no diffusible pigment, able to ferment sugars, negative
for catalase and H2S and positive for citrate utilization. Crude extract of Streptomyces spp.4
was active against C.albicans and A.niger with inhibition zone (22mm) against C. albicans
and (16 mm) against A. niger. MIC of Streptomyces spp.4 antifungal agent showed that MIC
values against C. albicans , A. niger were 22, 38 µg/ ml respectively. UV spectrum of
absorption for antifungal agent showed that it have a single peak with maximum absorption (λ
max) 293 nm.

Physiological harmony of hormones related to the thyroid gland function in cretinous sheep

Hassan; A-S. U

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), 2015, Volume 15, Issue 2, Pages 37-43

The present study showed that cretinous rams and ewes revealed an obvious elevation of TSH
values accompanied with a declined values of both T3 and T4 from the same samples. Each
of these results revealed significant differences in probability values under 0.05 (p< 0.05)
when compared with samples from normal sheep of the same species. It can be concluded
that cretinous sheep had a disturbance in thyroid physiology opened the hypothesis that it is
primary hypothyroidism type.

Study of Ossification Stages in Quail Embryo (Coturnex japonica)

Hashim M.A-Kareem

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), 2015, Volume 15, Issue 2, Pages 44-52

A morphogenesis study has been made for the skeleton formation of the quail
(Coturnex japonica ) which included the analytical study to make the skeletal elements and
the transitional changes that happens in the two processes of cartilage formation
(Chondrofication ) and bones (Ossification) during the growth of the different natural phases
for the diverse bones of the body.
A quail was gathered of about (100) birds and brought up at home. Then the fertilized
egg was gathered from those birds in about (7-9) days, those egg were incubated by an
Ukranian electronic incubator in a about ( 37,5-38 Co) and 70% of temperature and humidity
respectively. The embryos were used starting from day 3 of incubation to day 16 of
incubation , which is the hatching day.
Embryos were extracted from the egg starting from day 3 of incubation,they were
treated with alcian blue pigment that is related to paint the (non ossified) cartilaginous parts
of bones, and alizarin red – s pigment that is related to paint the ossified parts of the bones as
an indicator for calcium in order to recognize the ossified parts from those that didn't ossified
for each bone of the skeletal system of the quail.The method that used to treat the embryos
with the two pigments differed with the age progress of the embryo , also it's concentration
increased with the progress of the embryos age due to the formation of the organs, skin and
muscles as well as the strengthening of the cartilage and it's transformation into solid bones
day after day.
The successive phases for the growth of the different bones were traced with complete
concentration on the evolution of the cartilage (Chondrofication) and it's transitional
transformation into bone (Ossification) for each bone of the vertebral skeleton , thorax gage ,
and the fore and hind limbs bones.

Molecular Detection of Virulence Factors Genes in Pseudomonas aeruginosa Isolated from Different Infections Cases in AlDiwaniyaHospital

Wafaa A. J. Al-Kaaby

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), 2015, Volume 15, Issue 2, Pages 53-58

Pseudomonasaeruginosa is the most important and dangerous organism in human
infections due to production of several extracellular and cell-associated virulence factors that
cause severe tissue damage, the most important virulence factors including (exoenzyme S,
exotoxinA and lipoprotein), these factors was encoded by (exoS, toxA and oprIgene
respectively). In this study we used polymerase chain traction technique (PCR) for detection
virulence factor genes producing by P.aeruginosa that isolated from wound, burn and
pulmonary tract infections patient swab samples. The PCR results was show that all P.
aeruginosa isolates was carried virulence factors genes with difference in prevalence between
them. The burn infection P. areuginosa isolates were show high prevalence of virulence
factors genes more than wound and pulmonary tract infections isolates as well as the
virulence factor gene (ToxA) was show high production in most isolates. In this study we
concluded that the production of virulence factors genes in P. aeruginosa is important to
human infection especially (ToxA) gene and the PCR technique is very specific and fast
method in detection virulence factor genes in P. areuginosa .

The Concentrations, Distribution and Sources of Benzo (a) Pyrene in Vegetables from Al-Diwaniya Province, Iraq.

Faiq F. Karam

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), 2015, Volume 15, Issue 2, Pages 86-91

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) occur as pollutants in different types of food
predominantly from environmental contamination, food packaging and food processing and the
levels found depend on the source of the pollution. PAHs emissions from automobile traffic and
industry activities are the main sources influence the PAHs levels and profiles in vegetables and
fruits grown nearby. The present study was carried out to determine the levels of Benzo (a)
Pyrene compound in samples of lettuce, tomato and cabbageand use these data to further
estimate the dietary exposure of population how live in Al-Diwaniya province to Benzo (a)
Pyrene compound. Samples of each vegetable were collected in six different places in AlDiwaniya Province and analysed for Benzo (a) Pyrene compound. The analytical method
involved saponification with methanolic KOH, liquid–liquid extraction with cyclohexane, cleanup on silica gel column and determination by gas chromatography. The maximum levels of
Benzo (a) Pyrene were 9.32 µg/kg in lettuce, 2.37µg/kg in tomato, 6.81 µg/kg in cabbage.

On Minimal Actions

SattarHameedHamazah Al-Janabi

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), 2015, Volume 15, Issue 2, Pages 101-112

In this paper, we introduce and study a new type of actions namely "Minimal Actions".
Thought this paper, a new concepts have been illustrated including a Minimal Group,
Minimal Proper functions, Minimal Bourbaki MG-Space, Minimal Cartan MG-Space and
Minimal palais MG-Space and clarified their properties.