Volume 15, Issue 1, Winter 2015, Page 1-219


Effect of iron in the levels of dopamine and acetylcholine and oxidative stress indicators in male rats treated with manganese chloride

Ihsan R. Ibrahim

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 15, Issue 1, Pages 1-12

The aim of this study was to determine the toxic effects of manganese in the brain as well as assess the role that could be played by iron to reduce the toxic effects of manganese in male rats .In this experiment (21) animals of male rats were divided randomly into three groups , the first group(C): it as control group was given saline physiological and given bush normal , the second group( G1): that given manganese chloride concentration of 150 mg / kg of body weight per day , the third group( G2): which given manganese chloride concentration of 150 mg / kg of body weight was also given ferrous sulfate concentration of 30 mg / kg of diet per day.
After the end of experiment the following parameters were studied: neurotransmitters included dopamine and acetylcholine in the brain antioxidants included Glutathione and MDA in the brain and superoxide dismutase and Catalase in serum .
The results showed that given manganese chloride in rats has led to a significant decrease (P <0.05) in the level of dopamine in the brain with significant increase (P <0.05) in the level of acetylcholine in the brain .
Also these results were showed a significant decrease (P <0.05) in the level of Glutathione in the brain , accompanied by a significant increase (P <0.05) in the level of MDA in the brain.
While there was a significant decrease (P <0.05) in SOD concentration and CAT concentration in serum .
Animals that given of ferrous sulfate simultaneously with manganese chloride in groups G2 has led to obtain a significant improvement in studied parameters compared with the group G1 which given manganese chloride and soon sometimes for control group.

Anatomy syudy of epidermal cell for genus Scorzonera L. Compositae (Asteraceae) in Iraq.

Azhar Abd Al-Amer Susa

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 15, Issue 1, Pages 13-23

This research included anatomical study of epidermis of different organs of Scorzonera L. species in Iraq . This characters involved epidermis of cauline and basal leaves ,bracts ,stems and corolla , which most of them are of important taxonomic value to separate the species of this genus such us the variety S. cana var. jacquiniana (C.A.T.Mey)Chamberlain which was separated from another variety and rest species by the shape of anticlinal cell wall of epidermis which was undulate and undulate – strongly undulate , In addition to the striate of cuticle which used to separate the two varieties of S.cana (C.A.Mey)O.Hoffm. , S. incise DC. . S.latifolia (Fisch. Et. Mey).DC. and S.veratrifolia Fenzl. From the rest species of genus Scorzonera . Also the occurrence of many types of crystals can be used to separate the species S.pseudolanata Grossheim from the similar species S. lanata Hoffm. Which the last species was lacking to it.

Moleculare identification of giant liver fluke Fasciola gigantica from intermediate host snail Radix sp. in middle and south of Iraq

Ali B. M. Al-Waaly

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 15, Issue 1, Pages 24-29

Freshwater snail Radix sp. was recorded in this study as intermediate host for the giant liver fluke Fasciola gigantica through detecting the presence of the gene cathepsin L with molecular weight of 1615 base pairs in the soft parts of snails .
Results of gel electrophoresis using adult Fasciola gigantica DNA as control group showed that four Radix sp. snail samples collected in Diwaniyah, Wasit, Muthanna and Basra represent the intermediate hosts of Fasciola gigantica.

The effect of magnetic water treatment and KSC sulfacid fertigation in leaching salts soil efficiency

H. W. A; Al-jothery

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 15, Issue 1, Pages 30-37

Magnetic water technology has been tested to treat water quality and fertigation KSC sulfacid fertilizer to improve the efficiency of salts soil leaching, experiment a laboratory conducted to columns of soil placed in each column 1750g soil with tissues alluvial silt clay loam contained on (580 loam, 300 clay and 120 sand) g. Kg-1 soil at an average density of virtual amounted to 1.1 Mg. M-3 and the electrical conductivity of the extract (1:1) 78.3ds.M-1 and pH = 7.9.The experiment included ten leaches to soil columns with water electric conductivity 1.7ds.m-1, pH= 8.2 and equal amounts of two experiments, the first is completely randomized design (CRD) and the second is completely randomized blocks design (RCBD) and treatments consisted by control treatment (normal water leaching), magnetic water treatment and leaching by using KSC sulfacid fertilizer containing on sulfur (SO3) 41% and nitrogen (urea) 15% and by dilution 2 ml. L-1 and double leaching (magnetized water + KSC sulfacid fertilizer) with three Replicates. Conducted after every leaching electrical conductivity and interactive tested (EC and pH) to the soil filter respectively to the tenth and last leach after columns dry taken from a sample representative of each column and work it extract (1 soil: 1 water), and has conducted tests (EC and pH).
Magnetic water treatment processed by using “Bio Magnet Bi Polar System techniques” locally made (Iraq) strongly in 2000 gauss. Inch-1, discharge 1000 liters. h-1. Treated magnetically water, KSC sulfacid fertilizer and double leaching (magnetized water + KSC sulfacid fertilizer) show that in leaching process decrease significant in the values of electrical conductivity compared with normal water; The percentage of reduction is (28.80 and 36.00 and 58.00)%, respectively.Significantly increased recorded for soil interaction when the use of magnetic water treated, sulfur fertilizer dissolved in water and double leaching (magnetized water + KSC sulfacid fertilizer) in leaching process compared to using control water; as increase percentage is (0.38, 5.8 and 8.9)%, respectively, and the treatments have shown differences among them through the leaching curves of electrical conductivity and pH to ten leaching filter.

Environmental study for the four wells in Al-Salahiya district Northwest AL- Diwaniya city and determine their algal content

Haider A. Al-Ghanmi

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 15, Issue 1, Pages 38-50

The present study was conducted to investigate some of the physical, chemical properties and algal content for the four wells in Al-Salahiya district Northwest AL- Diwaniya city/Iraq, the results showed that the wells water with moderate temperatures ranged between (20.5-27 Co) in January and April, in the first and the second well, respectively. While wells tended to be slightly alkaline as pH values ranged between 7.2-7.56 in April and November in the second well and third well respectively. Electrical conductivity and salinity of the water wells greatly varied values as the highest value recorded 2540 μs/cm and 1.63 ‰ during April in the fourth well and the lowest value was 1677 μs/cm and 1.07‰ in the first well January.
The highest concentration of dissolved oxygen was 6.5 mg/L recorded in April in the second well and less concentration was 5 mg/L in the fourth well during December. Also results showed that the highest value for the dissolved CO2 in the water was 129.8 mg/L in the second well during December while the lowest value was 107.8 mg/L in the first and the fourth well during November and March respectively, while the highest value of total alkalinity was 247 mg/L water in the first well during January and the lowest value was 103 mg/L in April. Total hardness values ranged between 516-916 mg/L in the first and the fourth well during November and April respectively. The highest concentration of calcium was 299.3 mg/L recorded in the fourth well April, whereas the less concentration was 161.9 mg/L in the first well and during January. While the highest concentration of magnesium registered in the fourth well during April reaching 83.4 mg/L and a lower concentration in the first well which was 23.2 mg/L November and April. Nitrate values ranged between 3.28-18.62 μg/L in the first and the third well in November and March, respectively. Lower concentration of nitrite was 0.29 μg/L Recorded in the second well during April and the higher concentration was 0.85 μg/L in the third well during December. The phosphate values registered was very low the water wells, the highest value was 0.097 μg/L in the third well during February while it was lowest value 0.012 μg/L in the second well during March. Statistical analysis showed the presence of significant differences at level 0.05 between physical and chemical characteristics of the four wells water during the study period except pH values.
The algal species identified during study period in the four wells reached 55 algal taxa, 8 of them of returns to the blue green algae (Cyanophyceae) with ratio 14%, 13 species were related to the green algae (Chlorophyceae) with ratio 24% and Diatoms (Bacillariophyceae) which were recorded 34 species with ratio 62% the last was dominant among the identified algal species. Some species dominant monthly for all wells study belonging to the class of the Bacillariophyceae which were Aulacoseira granulata and Cocconeis pediculus and Cyclotella meneghiniana and Fragilaria crotonensis and Nitzschia palea.

Study of Cladocera invertebrates diversity in Al-Shamyia river – Iraq

Saad K. Ala Allah

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 15, Issue 1, Pages 51-63

The monthly variation of cladocerans density was studied in four selected stations in Al-Shamyia river for the period from March 2012 till February 2013. In the present study 33 taxa of cladocera were identified, the genera Alona and Chydorus were represented by the highest number of species (10,4 respectively). Maximum population density recorded in station 1, it reach 9375ind./m3 in April. The results of relative abundance index showed that the species Alona rectangula, Bosmina longirostris and Simocephalus vetulus were showed highest abundant in Al-Shamyia river water. The Shanon – Weiner diversity index recorded values varied between 0 – 2.41 bit/ind.

Effect of seed radial,number of irrigation peroids and nitrogen levels on growth and forage yield of Fenugreek ( Trigonella foenum-graecum L.)

Mohammed Swadi Zgher

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 15, Issue 1, Pages 89-100

Field experment was carried out to study the effect of seed diameter(small 1.51-1.71 mm ,large 2.83-2.92 mm),irrigation(levels : , 3 , 6 , 9 , 12 days period) and nitrogen fertilization ( 0 , 5 , 10 , 15 kgN/d). Experment set up in black plastic Plots ,9kgs capacities . The design of the experment was RCBD in a split-split- sub plot arrangment in three replications ,seeds were sown at stayer por in 20 gm peatmoss at 1/9/2013. and seedling transfer in to plots at 1/10 , sample of soil was took befor planting for analyzed to determine physical & chamical properties, plant were taken 3 month after planting and including plant height, leaf area , number of leaves, stem radial, shoot branches,wet shoot weight, root branches, forage yeild. Results indicated all facters and interactions were signifcant effects and increased plant features which lead to increased forage yield(mav vuale 14.93gm/plot ( 3.73 t/h )at interaction large seed radial and every 3 days of irrigation and 5 kg/d nitrogen fertilizer, while min vuale 10.27gm/plot ( 2.57 t/h) at interaction small seed radial, 12day irrigation and 15kgN/d .

Effect of Naphthalene acid and Salicylic and Humic acid replecation in some Anatomical Characteristics of Nigella sativa L.

Samah Saleh Salman AL-Shybany

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 15, Issue 1, Pages 101-116

The experiment was coducted during the agricultural season 2010-2011 in college of Science /AL-Qadisiya University . To study the effect of growth regulators Nephthalin acetic acid and Salicylic acid and humic acid in some anatomical Characteristics of Black seed (Nigella sativa L.) . The anatomical characters of stem measured included; epidermis thickness , cortex thickness, vascular bundle thickness, vessels diameter,and the number of stomata of upper and lower epidermis. The Results were as follow all Nephthalin acetic acid or Salicylic acid Humic acid concentrations caused an increase in the epidermis, cortex thickness and vascular bundles thickness .All Naphthalin acetic acid or Salicylic acid and Humic acid concentrations used, caused significant increase in the number of stomata in upper and lower epidermis.Interaction between the two Growth Regulators and Humic acid significantly effected in anatomical Characteristics .
Nigella

Anatomy syudy of epidermal cell for genus Scorzonera L. Compositae (Asteraceae) in Iraq.

Azhar Abd Al-Amer Susa

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 15, Issue 1, Pages 117-145

This research included anatomical study of epidermis of different organs of Scorzonera L. species in Iraq . This characters involved epidermis of cauline and basal leaves ,bracts ,stems and corolla , which most of them are of important taxonomic value to separate the species of this genus such us the variety S. cana var. jacquiniana (C.A.T.Mey)Chamberlain which was separated from another variety and rest species by the shape of anticlinal cell wall of epidermis which was undulate and undulate – strongly undulate , In addition to the striate of cuticle which used to separate the two varieties of S.cana (C.A.Mey)O.Hoffm. , S. incise DC. . S.latifolia (Fisch. Et. Mey).DC. and S.veratrifolia Fenzl. From the rest species of genus Scorzonera . Also the occurrence of many types of crystals can be used to separate the species S.pseudolanata Grossheim from the similar species S. lanata Hoffm. Which the last species was lacking to it.

A study of the relationship and the incidence of renal failure disease is unknown reasons

Baheeja Abees Hmood

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 15, Issue 1, Pages 199-209

This study was designed to detection the Relation ship between Ochratoxin A Renal fulier in patients suffer from Renal fulier attended to Al-Diwanyia teaching hospital in period from March 2012 to January 2013 ,These patients were diagnosed by physician in above hospital .
By using Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC) the results showed (23.07%) from patients blood specimens had Ochratoxin A, (19.23 %) from patients urine specimens had Ochratoxin A,(38.46%) from patients had Ochratoxin A in blood and urine where only (19.23% ) your blood and urine were clear from above toxin ,So healthy persons were had Ochratoxin A in your blood and urine by rate ( 20 %) (40%) respectively and (10%) from them had ochratoxin A in your blood and urine and only (30 %) from them don’t had ochratoxin A in their blood and urine the concentration of ochratoxin A in blood were ranged between (6.2 -25 ) ng/ ml
and ( 4-10.) ng/ ml in urine and in healthy reach concentration of Ochratoxin A in blood ( 2.3-3) ng/ ml and (4.3-4.) ng/ ml in urine.
The data of this study showed the male highly infected (87.5%) with ocratoxin while in female ( 70%) and (71-80) years age had highly infected ( 92.85%) with ochratoxin A
The results of study of biochemical parameter in patients showed highly raised in WBC and urea and Keratinin to reach to (1200 ) corpuscle /ml3, (310 )mg/dl , ( 12.2) mg /dl respectively and lowed the activity of alkaline phosphates enzyme and albumin into ( 2.2 ,1.5 )gm/dl . respectively and suger 120 mg /dl.

Bandwidth Enhancement for circular Microstrip Antenna up to 72% by Drill in the Base of the Microstrip Antenna

Mahmoud M. Aubais

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 15, Issue 1, Pages 159-169

A circular microstrip antenna is designed to tone at 2.4 GHz, FDTD method is used to simulate and study of its properties. In this study, the Bandwidth of foam is found 1.67% width dielectric constant 1.07. to broad the Bandwidth we drill two big slots in the base of microstrip, so the Bandwidth increase to 72%, the range of antenna operating was from (1.59 to 3.3 GHz). MATLAB was used to programming. The method applied for other insulators, the results show a increasing in Bandwidth for all cases.

Thermodynamic Studies and camper for ability Salix acmophylla to adsorption of two dyes Cong Red and gentine violetrom aqueous solution

Hyfaa J. Muhammad

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 15, Issue 1, Pages 170-183

The present work was concerned with Thermodynamic studies for ability Salix acmophylla adsorption of two dyes Cong Red and Gentine violet from aqueous solution were studied using UV - visible spectroscopy technique. The result obtained that the adsorption isotherms on Salixacmophylla surface were fitted by both of the Freundlich and Langmuir isotherm were of types S1and S2 according to Giles classification .From these isotherms ,the adsorption capacity increased with the increase the initial concentration .The maximum adsorption of dye Cong Red on Salix acmophylla are much higher than that of Gentine violet .The influence of the temperature and pH Values were studied so that decreased with the increased of temperature.While in aid medium increased adsorption of the dye Gentine violet in pH=4 while adsorption dye Cong Red on Salix acmophylla increase with PH=9.The effect of ionic strength has been studied and it was found that the adsorption depends on the concentration of NaCl salt( 0.1 , 0.05M) .The thermodynamic parameters were calculated.

prepare and identify some new derivatives of derivatives of naproxen

Nabeel Abed Abdulridha

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 15, Issue 1, Pages 184-198

The aim of this research is to prepare and identify some new derivatives of naproxen. These derivatives have been believed to have some biological and chemical activities. they were prepared by converting naproxen to naproxen chloride1. naproxen chloride reacted with some hydrazine derivatives phenyl hydrazine,(2,4 dinitro phenyl hydrazine) and isopropyl hydrazine to get 2 ,3 , 4 naproxen derivatives . The structure of the synthesized compounds were confirmed by FT-IR, H1-NMR,and C13-NMR (2D-NMR) (COSY) all these compounds are new by sciencfinde program in Cardiff university in UK.

Antifungal Activity of Silver Nanoparticles Synthesized by Ttichoderma harizanum

Saba A. Al- Ziadi

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 15, Issue 1, Pages 1-10

In this study, Antifungal potential of silver nanoparticles synthesized from
by filtrate Ttichoderma harizanum on different pathogenic fungi was investigated. 10 mL of filtrate Ttichoderma harizanum on was mixed with 90 mL of (1 mM ) and (2 mM) aqueous AgNO3 and heated at 70 °C for 10 min. A change color solution to dark brown color was observed .
Characterization using UV-VIS spectrophotometery. The UV-Vis spectral analysis showed silver surface plasmon resonance band at (299.5 – 435.5) nm in 2 mM aqueous AgNO3 . Antifungal activity against three fungi was tested using well Poisoned food method. The synthesized silver nanoparticles efficiently inhibited various pathogenic fungi in a dose dependent
The approach of dark brown synthesis seems to be cost effective, eco-friendly and easy alternative to conventional methods of silver nanoparticles synthesis. The powerful bioactivity demonstrated by the synthesized silver nanoparticles leads towards the clinical use as antifungal.

Ecological Study of Epipelic Algae in AL- Diwaniyah* River/Iraq

Foad M.Alkam

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 15, Issue 1, Pages 11-22

The present study is deal with the relationship between some physical –chemical characteristic and epipelic algae in Al-Diwaniyah River ,also called ( Shatt Al-Diwaniyah) for six months started from November 2012 to April 2013.Three sites were chosen on the river, the first in the north of Al-Diwaniya city while the second is after the first about ten kilometers and the third site is after the second about thirteen kilometers.The results of the study cleared the water of the river was good oxygenated ,very hardness and tend to be alkalinity as the other water in Iraqi rivers .This study identified (234)species belong to four classes which started of Bacillariophyceae,Cyanophyceae,Chlorophyceae and Euglenophyceae in respectively.Som genera consisting of larg number ofspeciesas(Nitzschia, Navicula,Cymbella,Amphora,Achnanthus,Gomphonema and Oscillatoria).Species were appeared in the period of study were consisting of(Nitzschia palea, Navicula cincta ,Synedra ulna,Surirella ovate,Spirulina gignata and Oscillatoria Formosa).There was one peak in months of spring specially in (March and April).

Effect of infrared Radiation on two storedproduct insects and barley grain Germination on grain

Muna . A. Bunian

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 15, Issue 1, Pages 23-28

This study handles the effect of the infrared radiation (IR) from a red incandescent bulb at three exposure distances [ 6 , 8.5 , 10 cm] and five exposure periods[2,3,4,5,6 and minutes ]at the larval , pupal and adult stages of confused flour beetle Tribolium confusum and rusted flour beeteTribolium castanum in addition to the effect of the IR on germinations grain and barley . The effect of IR on each insect species increases with the decrease of the exposure distance and increases as well with the increase of The exposure period. The 6cm exposure distance at 6 exposure periodskills all the stage of the two species. Exposure distances and periods show significant difference on percentage and speed of grain germination of wheat and barley

Anti bacterial activity of Cinnamomum zeylanicum and Capsicum annunm extracts against Escherichia coli and Salmonella typhi .

Maysoon M. Alhamando

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 15, Issue 1, Pages 50-57

Two Gram negative bacterial isolates were selected : Escherichia coli and Salmonella typhi . Antibacterial activity of the aqueous and alcoholic extracts of Cinnamomum zeylanicum and Capsicum annunm were determined against the two bacterial isolates . obtained results showed that the inhibitory concentration of the cinnamon aqueous extract was 150 mg/ml for E. coli and was 175 mg/ml for S.typhi . whereas The cinnamon ethanolic extract was 20 mg/ml for E. coli and was 10 mg/ml for S.typhi .The results indicated that , both extracts had a suppressing effects. The results proved also that the alcoholic extract for cinnamon has better effect than the aqueous extract against these two bacterial isolates . The results also showed that there is no effect for capsicum annum(black pepper) neither aqueous extracts nor alcoholic extract against the bacterial isolates that used in this study .

Effect of Mineral Acids ( H3PO4 ) on Rooting Response of Fresh Mung Bean ( Phaseolus aureus Roxb.) Cuttings Via Indole Acetic Acid Level

Abdullah O. Alwan Al-Delaimy

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 15, Issue 1, Pages 58-68

Abstract
The influence of H3PO4 as a mineral acid on rooting response of fresh mung
bean cuttings has been studied on the level of IAA . The date revealed highly
gignificant increase in rooting response of fresh cuttings treated with 0.0001 ,
0.001 , 0.01 % concentration of H3PO4 solution , while highly concentrations 0.1 ,
0.5% revealed highly significant decrease in rooting response compared to control (
d / H2O ) .Quantitative estimation of IAA by spectrophotometric method verified a
highly significant increase of IAA content in hypocotyls of fresh cuttings in optimal
concentration of H3PO4

Histopathological & Lymphoproliferative effects for some experimental nanovaccines prepared from some bacteria

Layth Ibrahim Oleiwi AL-Shibbani

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 15, Issue 1, Pages 69-87

Chitosan used as carrier nanoparticles (CNP), where used at low-molecular-weight chitosan (LWCS) and loading antigens on Chitosan nanoparticles. After LD50 of LPS antigen were determined (239 μg/ml of LPS of Salmonella typhi, 183 μg/ml of LPS of Vibrio cholerae and 160.5 μg/ml of LPS of Brucellae melitensis), and mixed these LPS to prepare Triple LPS antigen. The experimental study included 45 Albino Swiss male rats which divided into nine groups, 5 rats in each group. The results showed occurring pathological and inflammatory changes in spleen and thymus gland in rats vaccinated with LPS alone such as depletion of white pulp, proliferation of red pulp and sever congestion with hemosidrosis, while in case of rats vaccinated with LPS and chitosan showed occurring immunological and inflammatory changes such as proliferation of white pulp and normal red pulp, and increment in the size and numbers of the lymph node, also increment in the size of the germinal centers

Chemical profiles as chemotaxonomic tools for some species in Fabaceae in Iraq

Huda Jasim Mohammed Al-Tameme

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 15, Issue 1, Pages 88-99

Flavonoid contents were investigated in alcoholic extract of fresh leaves in some species belong to family of Fabaceae grown in Iraq which collected randomly from various fields in Hillah city. Flavonoids compounds were isolated by using Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC) in n-Butanol: Acetic acid: Water (BAW) and Ethyl acetate: Methanol: Water (EMW) solvents systems. These compounds were classified according to their Retention factor (Rf) value, color under Ultraviolet (UV) and some references.
TLC profiling of leaves extract give an idea about the presence of various phytochemicals. Different Rf value of various phytochemicals provide valuable clue regarding their polarity and selection of solvents for separation of phytochemicals.
K

Calculation of the coherent (Rayleigh) and incoherent (Compton) cross section by using CSC model.

Mushtaq Talib Al- Helaly

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 15, Issue 1, Pages 100-107

In this research work ,the cross section of coherent scattering "Rayleigh" and incoherent "Compton" for the compound energy range 1keV-50000eV , discuss for W and Cd by employing the equation which is related to "Rayleigh" scattering while program "Compton" scattering ,the cross section has been discuss by Klien-Nishina equation . All these equations obtain by employing CSC(cross section calculations) through language machine of Fortran 90 which provides a high flexibility and extreme accuracy in the calculating many physical parameters such as attenuation and scattering coefficients for any chemical compound or alloys.

Determination and analysis of dispersive optical constant of as deposited and annealed FeS2 thin films.

Abdulhussain Abbas Khadayeir

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 15, Issue 1, Pages 108-117

Films of FeS2 were prepared by the spray pyrolysis technique onto a substrate heated up 350 0Ct using iron chloride FeCl2 and thiourea CS(NH2)2 solutions with a concentration of 0.1 M. The optical properties of the films were studied using optical absorption measurements in the wavelength range 300-900 nm and confirmed that the annealing temperature has a significant effect on the properties of these films. The optical constants confirm that FeS2 films have an indirect band gap that decreased from 2.1 to 1.95 eV as the annealing temperature increases to 450ºC. The dispersion of the refractive index was analyzed using the concept of a single oscillator. The values of oscillator energy Eo were 4.2, 4, and 3.9eV. The dispersion energy Ed were determined to be 52.7, 90.7, and 102.6 eV for the as deposited films and the annealed films at 400 and 450ºC, respectively. The increase in the density of localized states Ed causes an expanding in the Urbach tail and consequently decreases the energy gap.

Synthesis, characterization and antibacterial activity study of platinum(II) complex with quinoline ligand

Dr. Rajaa A. Hussein

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 15, Issue 1, Pages 118-131

Summary:
Cis-dichloro(quinoline)2Platinum(II)complex [(Qu.)2PtCl2] was prepared using quinoline as non-leaving ligand and chloride ion Cl- as leaving group.
Platinum(II) complexes was characterized based on infrared spectral and UV-visible measurements, and screened in vitro for their biological activity (both antimicrobial and cytotoxicity). All results were compared with cisplatin and standard free ligand. The compound to be tested was dissolved in dimethylsulfoxide DMSO, thus solvent was used as negative control and cisplatin was analyzed as the positive control.
Antimicrobial activity against gram negative bacteria Escherichia coli and gram positive Staphylococcus aureus, show that Cis- [(Qu.)2PtCl2] complex exhibit strong antibacterial activity (27.5, 25, mm respectively) against both tested bacteria as compared with free ligand and cisplatin.
Finally, the effect of prepared complex on human red blood cells hemolysis was investigated, found that [(Qu.)2PtCl2] complex caused simple cells hemolysis in vitro about 2.597%) as compared with cisplatin (5.050 %) .
In the present investigation, all results obtained indicate that quinoline ligand plays an important role in the synthesis of new platinum complexes with high efficacy and low toxicity compared with cisplatin anticancer drug.

1 Batch adsorption technique for the removal of Reactive Black 5 dye from industrial waste water by using rice husks as adsorbent

Luma Ahmed Mohammed

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 15, Issue 1, Pages 132-147

The aim of this work is to absorb the Reactive Black 5 of dye with a low cost adsorbent . dye which comes in the effluents of textile industries during dyeing and rinsing processes. Although commercial activated carbon is a preferred sorbent for colour removal, its wide spread use is restricted due to high cost. Currently, the study of activated rice husks carbon as a low cost sorbent for removing dye has drawn attention of various researchers working in this field. In the present work, rice husks carbon (RHC) in the form of powder was investigated for removing dyes taking Reactive Black 5 as a model system. The adsorbent was made from pistachio shells procured from Central Iraq and was investigated under variable system parameters such as dose of adsorbent, pH , initial dye concentration , particle size and agitation time. An amount of 1.5 g/l of (RHC) could remove 95.48 % of the dye from an aqueous solution of 50 ppm with the agitation time 80 min and pH of the solution was one . The well Known Langmuir and Freundlich isotherm models were applied for the equilibrium adsorption data and the various isotherm parameters were evaluated .
The results indicate that activated rice husks could be employed as a low cost alternative to commercial activated carbon in wastewater treatment for the removal of color and dyes .

Anatomical study for some aquatic plants from dicotyledon that growing in Al- Diwanyia river

Suhailla Husain Bagi

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 15, Issue 1, Pages 64-88

Anatomical investigations were carried out on epidermis for leaves and Indumentums, and Transverse Section for leaves, stems and petioles for some aquatic plants , It was found that these species have adaptations help for aquatic life like air spaces and thin cuticle or absent, and the epidermis of Submergent plants distinguish by absent Stomata .

Antibiotic susceptibility patterns of Escherichia coli isolates from patients with significant bacteriuria

Firas Srhan Abd Al- Mayahi

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 15, Issue 1, Pages 29-49

The aim of this study was to the isolation and identification of E. coli bacteria from patients with significant bacteriuria and Antibiotic susceptibility patterns. During the period from March 2011 to May 2012, a total of 2000 urine samples were collected from patients with suspected UTI. Isolates were identified by traditional biochemical tests, and then confirmed by VITEK 2 system. 455 (22.8%) samples were recognized as significant bacteriuria. The study documented that E. coli is the most important uropathogen causing UTI and recovered from 207 (45.5%) patients. However, of the patients with significant bacteriuria, a total of 143 (31.4%) positive urine cultures were implicated in nosocomial infections. Additionally, 312 (68.6%) positive urine cultures were implicated in community-acquired infections. According to demographic data, it was observed that the number of patients with significant bacteriuria was higher in females, 309 (67.9%) compared to males, 146 (32.1%). The mean age of these patients was 39.1 years range from 2-90 years (standard deviation, 18.1years). Majority of patients with significant bacteriuria (269, 59.1%) were in the age group 20-50 years. Sensitivity of all isolates was tested against 23 Antibiotics. Results showed all isolates of E. coli were resistant 100% to ampicillin but sensitive100% to imipenem, the antibiotics resistance rate among the tested E. coli isolates ranged from 92.7%-74.9%, 69.6%-31.4% and 48.3%-10.2%, present to cephalosporins, fluoroquinolone and aminoglycosides respectively.

Synthesis, spectral studies and antimicrobial evaluation of 6,6--(1,2-benzenediazo) bis (3-amino benzoic acid) complexes with some metal ions

Amer J.Jarad

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 15, Issue 1, Pages 148-159

The Ligand 6,6--(1,2-benzenediazo) bis (3-aminobenzoicacid) derived from
o-phenylenediamine and 3-aminobenzoicacid was synthesized. The prepared ligand
was identified by Microelemental Analysis, 1HNMR, FT-IR and UV-Vis
spectroscopic techniques. Treatment of the ligand with the following metal ions
(CoII, NiII, CuII and ZnII ) in aqueous ethanol with a 1:1 M:L ratio and at optimum pH.
Characterization of these compounds has been done on the basis of elemental
analysis, electronic data, FT-IR and UV-Vis, as well as magnetic susceptibility and
conductivity measurements. The nature of the complexes formed were studied
following the mole ratio and continuous variation methods, Beer's law obeyed over a
concentration range (1 ×10-4 - 3×10-4 M). High molar absorbtivity of the complex
solutions were observed. On the basis of physicochemical data tetrahedral geometries
were assigned for the complexes. The ligand and metal complexes were screened for
their antimicrobial activity.

Synthesis And Identification New Types From Antimicrobial Polymers And Study Biological Activity

Mohammed A. Mutar

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 15, Issue 1, Pages 160-191

This research describes the synthesis new Homo polymers and new copolymers based on synthesis of Oximes as monomers which can synthesized from
the reaction of (p-Hydroxyacetophenone , and p-Nitroacetophenone), with
Hydroxylamine hydrochloride in presence of NaOH, The Homo polymer was
synthesized from the reaction of oxime with each others and formaldehyde in
presence of HCl as catalyst,While the co-polymers were prepared from the
reaction of oxime with other monomers such as (Toluen sulphonic acid , 2,4-Di
chloro benzoic acid) and formaldehyde in presence of HCl as catalyst,These
polymers were identified by FT-IR and 1HNMR spectroscopy, The
antibacterial,antifungal and antiyeast activities of the synthesized polymers were also
screened on various bacteria ,fungal and yeast .All the prepared polymers show
excellent antimicrobial activities as compared to the standard ciprofloxacin and
amphotericin –B drugs.

� −derived and � −Scattered Sets

Zainab Aodia Athbanaih

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 15, Issue 1, Pages 192-213

In this paper, we introduce new class of Sets called � −Scattered and investigate
the Properties of this Set. we use the concept of δ-limit point and � −drived Set to
construct the definition of this class. we give the relation between types of scattered
Sets and types of limit points .

THE USE OF REDUCE DIFFERENTIAL TRANSFORM METHOD FOR SOLVING PARTIAL DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS

NOOR ALI HUSSEIN

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 15, Issue 1, Pages 214-219

In this paper, we apply Reduced Differential Transform Method (RDTM) for
solving partial differential equations (Heat equation with external force ) , many
numerical application are shown for implementing this method. The results show that
this method is very effective and simple .