Volume 14, Issue 4, Autumn 2014, Page 1-189

Isolation and identificationof fungi from outer surface of the insect Red flour beetleTriboliumcastaneum (Herbest) (Coleoptera :Tenebrionidae)andcowpea weevikCallosobruchus maculatus(F.) (Coleoptera :Bruchidae) and the study of some virulence factors in the province of Dhi Qar


journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 14, Issue 4, Pages 1-11

Was isolated 18 Type slept fungi contaminated external surface for 50 samples of
the insectRed flour beetleTribolinmcastaneum and 50 samples of the insect cowpea
woevCallosobruchusmaculatus collected from the markets of flour and beans were
obtained Alihamn local markets in Nasiriyah of DhiQar province, during the months
of February and March in 2014 has consisted of eight races are fungi,Mucor,
,Fusarium, RhizopusPaecilomyces,,EmericellaAspergillus,Altarnaria
Penicillium.The fungus was more reluctant and is A.flavusby 27.06% and less hesitant
fungus is fungus Emericellasp and 2.26% for this insect Red flour beetle, and tested the
ability of producing fungi Alafla toxin and analyzed blood laboratory. The results were that
all isolates the genus Aspergillus have the ability to secrete Alaflatoxin, either the
decomposition of the blood she stated Altnaúj all fungi to break down blood
HakablahSepedoniumsp exception was his ability weak

Effect interaction between irrigation interval, GA3 and Kimon - 24 organic fertilizer in some physiological parameters of spinach ( Spinacia oleracea L.)

A. A; Yaseen

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 14, Issue 4, Pages 12-28

The present experiment was conducted during winter season in (2011 – 2012) on clay-silty soil.
The goal of the experiment was to find the effect of irrigation period , foliar application of growth
regulators GA3 and the organic liquid fertilizer Kimon -24 on parameters mineral content of
spinach Spinacea oleracea L., and its content of Oxalic acid(OA).
The design of the experiment was randomized complete blocks (RCBD) in a split-split plot arrangement
with three replications. The main plot was three irrigation periods, (2, 4 and 6 day), the sub – plot was four
concentrations of GA3 (0, 200, 400 and 600 mg.L-1), while the sub-sub plot was two concentrations of the
organic liquid fertilizer Kimon- 24 (0 and 20 ml.L-1). The Last Significant Difference (LSD) at 0.05
probability level was used to compare treatments means, whenever treatment effects were evident.
Irrigation period and GA3 and applied and organic liquid fertilizer Kimollin 24 when was
applied. Only organic liquid fertilizer Kimon- 24applied after 15 day of the first application. The
following parameters were measured 30 days after treatment. The percentage of nutrient in leaf
N, P, K, Mg and measured as well as leaves content of minerals nutrients (Fe and Ca) in addition
to (OA). Results showed: The 2-day interval irrigation increased content of the percentage of N,
P, K, Mg in the leaf and leaves content of minerals (Fe and Ca). The treatment 6-day irrigation
interval which caused decreasing an (OA).The use of GA3 (200mg.L-1) reduced of (OA)content.
The concentration of GA3 400mg.L-1increased leaves content of the percentage of N, K , Mg and
Fe. Concentration 20 ml.L-1 of Kimon-24 gave significant increase in all parameters study and
gave less leaf content of (OA).
The interaction between irrigation period and GA3 had significant influence on all growth
parameters. The treatment of 6-day irrigation interval with (200mg.L-1 ) of GA3 caused reduced
(OA). The treatment irrigation period of 2-day with 400mg.L-1 GA3 gave higher percentage of N,
P, K,Mg and leaf content of Fe. The interaction between irrigation period and Kimon-24 had
varied significant influence on quality parameters. The irrigation interval of 2-day Kimon-24
increase percentage of N, P, K, Mg , leaf content of Fe and Ca. The interaction between GA3 and
Kimon- 24 had significant influence on most studied parameters. The Concentration of GA3
200mg.L-1 with the use of Kimon-24 gave less (OA)content in the leaf.
The interaction between the three factors included in the experiment revealed a significant
effect on all parameters studied.

Molecular Diagnosis of Giardia intestinal parasite for children with diarrhea by using Real-Time PCR technique

Hadi Madlul Hamza Al-Mayali

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 14, Issue 4, Pages 29-41

The current study was conducted during the period from 1 /11/2012 to 30/06/2013 to
investigate the rate of the parasite Giardia in children with diarrhea for age groups
(≤ 1 - 12 years ) exclusively in AL-Diwaniyah city by using microscopic examination and
interaction of polymerase chain Real-Time PCR. The results of the study showed that the
total rate infection of parasite Giardia was 5.61 % (52 sample of 926 samples) , The direct
smear method and floatation method. The results examination microscopic of samples
showed the rate of infection among males 6.12 % was higher than in females 5.11 %, the
higher infection rate 13.87 % in the age group 2-4 years and the lowest rate in the age group
8-10 years and reached to 1.52 % .the highest rate of infection in June 10.37 % and the lower
rate in January 1.92 % . the higher infection rate among rural residents was 7.07 %
comparing with the urban residents which reached to 4.45 % . the statistical analysis results
showed significant differences at P >0.05.
The extraction results of DNA of 52 positive samples by microscopic examination
showed containing 38 sample on the genetic material of the parasite with rate of 73.07 %,
statistical analysis of survey results depending on technology of Real-Time PCR showed
a significant differences in the infection between the age groups where age group 2-4 years
recorded the higher rate of Infection 83.33 % while statistical analysis results did not show
significant differences of Infection according to sex which reached to 75% in the males and
70.83 % in females , Also did not show significant differences according to the areas of
housing which reached to75.86 % in rural areas comparing with the urban areas , which
reached to 69.56 % The current study showed the existence of a close relationship between
cases of diarrhea and parasite Giardia lamblia infection.

Ecological Study of Epiphytic Algae on Aquatic plants Ceratophyllumdemersumand Imperatacylindricain East Euphrates Drainge /(AL-Hefar)AL-Dawaniya/Iraq

Foad M. Alkam

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 14, Issue 4, Pages 42-59

The current investigate included study some physical and chemical properties and
epiphytic algae in East Euphrates Drainage(AL-Hefar) were studied during the period from
November 2012 till April 2013 Three Sites were chosen along TheDrainage,Twomacrophytes
are frequently found,Ceratophyllumdemersumand Imperatacylindrica. these macrophytes are
chosen to study epiphytic algae .The Results showed that water of the Drainage was alkaline,
very hard ,and well oxygenated. Identification of epiphytic algae reached to(249) species,
the Bacillariophyceae ( diatoms ) were dominant with(153) species about(61.4%) followed
by Chlorophyceae with (47) species about(18.9%) , and (38) species about (15.3%) related to
Cyanophyceaeand (9) species about(3.7%) related to Euglenophyceae .and (2) species about
(0.8%) related toDinophyceae. In addition , epiphytic algae on Ceratophyllumdemersumwas
higher , than Imperatacylindrica study area . Also , the study showed dominancy of
Bacillariophyceae species like Gomphonema ,Cymbella,,Cocconies , Nitzschia, Ahnanthes

The effects different doses of Caffeine on functional characterizations of liver and kidneys in albino rats

Ahmed Jassim Hassan Al-naaly

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 14, Issue 4, Pages 60-69

This study was carried out to investigate the effect of different doses of Caffeine on
body, kidneys, and liver weights ،Biochemical parameters (ALP, AST and ALT enzymes,
as well as total protein ،albumin ،Urea and Creatinine concentrations), and histological
study of liver and kidneys .
For this purpose twenty four adult male rats were divided randomly into equal four three
as below: Animals of control were treated with drinking water for four weeks ،First group
(T1) treated with drinking water and 12.9 mg/kg of body weight of Caffeine(effect dose)
for four weeks while second group (T2) were treated with drinking water and )double
dose) of Caffeine 12.9 mg/kg of body weight )for four weeks) .At the end of treatment,
animals were weighted, and anesthetized, blood draw was done to biochemical tests, then
animals were sacrificed and dissected, after that liver and kidneys ، were eradication to
weighted and prepared histological slide. The results revealed that the different
concentrations of Caffeine led to significant decrease (P <0.05) in body weight in T1 and
T2 comparison with control group, and significant decrease in ALT ،AST and ALP
enzymes concentrations in T2 comparison with T1 and control group .Whereas no
significant decrease in liver and kidneys weight in T1,T2 group comparison with control
On the other hand there is significant increase (P <0.05) in Urea and Creatinine
concentrations in T2 comparison with T1 and control group .The histopathological results
revealed a extended in sinusoids in liver and changes in collecting tube in kidneys caused
by Caffeine.
From this study we concluded double dose of Caffeine led to effects on functional
characterizations of liver and kidneys.
Key world:

study the effect of overlap between the change in temperature and some chemical treatments in some fungi isolated from the seeds of barley Hordeum vulgare

Abdul amir Samir Saadoon

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 14, Issue 4, Pages 70-83

This study aimed to test the effect of temperature changesand the activity of
sodium bicarbonate and asalcelik acid on vitality and activity of two fungi which are:
Alternaria tenuissima and Fusarium oxysporum which isolated from barley (Hordeum
vulgare) seeds.
The results showed eristence asignificant difference in the effect of temperature
and chemical substances on two isolated fungi growth at added of chemical
substances to cultured medium at all tested concentration (5,10,15) mg/ ml to sodium
bicarbonate and (250,500,750,1000) mg/ L asalcelik acid and also when the two
isolated fungi grew at (10,20,30,40) c° compared with control treatment and
Albeltanol fungicide treatment.
Also, the effect of sodium bicarbonate and asalcelik acid at same concentration
were studied on planted rate of barley seeds, results showed increased relation ship
between seeds plant and the riase of concentrations and this refer to that the chemical
substances contain inhibtors for vital activity of associated fungi to seeds and these
concentration lead to inhibitor of fungi growth at the same time it incourage barley
growth and increased of its resistance.
As to interference treatment , the results showed asignificant difference in the
rates of seeds plant for various treatments on filter papers compared with control
treatment while there is no asignificant difference compared with Albeltanol treatment
in some treatments which are ranged (83.33% , 96.66%) of seeds plant ratio for
various treatment at different temperature while the results of interference in radial
growth of tested showed asignificant difference in fungi growth rate compared with
control treatment but there is no asignificant difference in rates of fungi colonies
diameters for some treatment compared with Albeltanol fungicide and this refer to the
activity of these substances on vitality and activity of tested fungi.

The Effect Of Different Constant Temperatures On Some Biological Aspects Of Cowpea Callosobruchus maculatus (F.) (Coleoptera : Bruchidae)

Abdulla Hossain Moanas

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 14, Issue 4, Pages 84-92

The effect of the different temperature degrees 15 , 25 , 35 Cº 0n the biology of
cowpea beetle has been studied . The rate male longevity has reached 10.2 days at 15Cº
and this rate is the significantly highest in comparison with other male's 7.1 and 6.3 days at
25 and 35 Cº respectively. The male longevities have been compared with the females and
the result is that the males have short longevity than females at all the tested temperatures.
The rate of females longevities at 35 Cº has reached 7.2 days with higher significantly
difference than their longevities at 15 Cº and25 Cº that has reached 9.6 and 11.2 days
respectively. The number of eggs per female is highly correlated with the previous
selected increasing temperature degrees .The number of eggs per female are 77.5 , 112.8
and 115.7 at 15, 25, 35 Cº respectively , where as the developmental period decreased
significantly with the increase of the temperatures, and the averages are 50.8 , 34.16, 21.3
days at 15 , 25 and 35 Cº respectively. This study has showed that opposite correlation
between daily percentage of progeny and female̓ s age, since this insect gets the highest
percentage at first day of oviposition in comparison with other days at all tested
temperatures ℅90.6 ℅83 and ℅90.8 at 15 , 25,and 35 Cº respectively. The intrinsic rate of
increase was raising with increase of tested temperatures, the time required to double the
population was inversely proportional to the increase of temperatures, that reached 10.9
days , at 15 Cº and decreased significantly to 6.5 ,4.6 days at 25 and 35Cº respectively.

التشخيص الجيني لعفن tuberculata Curvularia المعزول من حبوب الرز في مدينة الديوانية

Ebtesam thamer jeaz

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 14, Issue 4, Pages 93-104

This study characterization of some types of Curvularia spp . isolated frome rice seeds
in AL Diwaniya city by morphological ,microscopical and genetical characterization of these
isolates. The results by morphological and microscopical characteristics showed one type of
Curvularia spp. Is C. tuberculata with( 9) isolates, with(1) isolate frome treated rice
grains with percentage 0.3% , while (8) isolates frome untreated rice grains
with percentage 1.3% . The results multiplex PCR showed gpd gene in DNA of isolates
investigated of C.tuberculata fungus .PH test showed higher growth rate of C. tuberculata
fungus with (7.7) mm in ph (7) followed by (6.8) mm in ph (6) , (5.7) mm in ph (5 ,
8 ) while decrease reach to (4.2) mm in ph (10) ,( 3.9, 3.1) mm in ph ( 3 , 6 ) ( the
higher growth rate of fungus with neutral ecosyst ) .
The higher growth rate of fungus with 20 gm / L concentration of Nacl salt
reach to (8.5) mm while decrease reach to ( 6.4 , 5.2 , 4.5 ) mm with ( 5 , 10 , 15 ) gm /
L concentrations ( the fungus tolerant to high concentrations of Nacl salt ) .

Study Biodiversity of Cladocera in the Kuffa River- Iraq

Hussein Aliwy Hassan

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 14, Issue 4, Pages 105-117

This study carry out to know the biodiversity of cladocera in Kuffa River four
representative sampling stations were selected in river monthly sampling were
collected from March 2012 to February 2013
The results showed the cladocera high density in April 2012.Also The results of
relative abundance index showed that these species Alona rectangular, Bosmina
longirostris, Chydorus Sphaeriucus, Ceriodaphnia rigaudi, Simocephalus vetulus .
were more abundant in study stations
The results showed The index values of Species richness varied between (0.9-8.13)
Shannon-Weiner index varied between (0.001 -3.04) bit/ind while the uniformity
index varied between ( 0.01 – 1) .

A Limnological study on (Bany-Hassan) Stream/KarbalaIraq

Sura F. Hassan

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 14, Issue 4, Pages 164-177

The present study conducted on Bany-Hassan stream within the holy Karbala
governorate due to its importance as sources of agricultural area and domestic uses
throughout the study area. The study included measurement of physical and chemical
properties of the stream, moreover chlorophyll-a for the period study between
December 2012 to June 2013. Five sites were selected along the stream. The mean
ranges of the studied properties were recorded: 4-38C° for Air temperature, 9.5-25.4
C° water temperature, 983-1440 µS/cm for Electric conductivity, 0.613-0.869 ‰ for
salinity, 122-137 mg/l for total alkalinity, 0.28-81mg/l for total dissolved solid
ranged. The present results revealed that the stream was oxygenated and the dissolved
oxygen ranged 7-12.8 mg/l. Nutrient concentrations were ranged 96.52-212.64 mg/l
Sulfate, 0.48-5 mg/l silicate, 0.019-1 mg/l total nitrogen and 0.018- 0.68 mg/l total
phosphorus. Chlorophyll-a ranged 0.04-15.56 µg/l. Total organic carbon, electric
conductivity and pH for sediments were ranged 0.12-2.14%, 510-3853µS/cm and 6.7-
7.6 respectively. The results indicated that the study area was not matching the
international standards and also for Iraqi standards for drinking.

Stduy Pollen grains of family dicot in University of Al- Qadisiyay

bead Al-Muhana; l Abd Al-Ridha O; Ama

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 14, Issue 4, Pages 178-193

The anatomical characterstic Pollen grains of family dicotyledonae in University of
Al-Qadisiyay Punicaceae of Punica, Rosaceae of Rosa, Verbenaceae of Verbena,
Scrophulariaceae of Antrrhinum , Apocynaceae of Nerium& Chatharanthus,
Convolvulaceae of Convolvulus &Cuscuta , Myrtaceae of Eucalyptus& Callistemon,
Malvaceae of Gossypium ,Hibiscus, Althaea& Malva .
The study characters pollen grains of many different between of species,same
characters importance species of the one family .

Restriction of Environmental Radioactive Background in Al- Qadisiya Governorate by Using Technical HPGe

Kawthar Hasan Obeis

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 14, Issue 4, Pages 118-134

the present study, selected agricultural, and animal rearing areas in Al-Qadisiya
governorate In the district of Shameya were chosen to conduct the work . 10 samples of
each of plant(The grain) and milk were collected from the same places. Using high purity
germanium detector (HPGe), After analysing the studied spectrums samples , It was
found that the average radioactivity of plant samples of( 40K, 238U , 232Th,137 Cs) is
(337.004±30) Bq / kg, (7.26±0.43)Bq / kg , (7.15±0.42) Bq/kg, (2.39±0.24)Bq / kg
respectively , The milk samples the results were (286.36±28)Bq/kg, (1.411±0.18)Bq/kg
,(1.607±0.2)Bq/kg , (1.39±0.18)Bq/kg respectively , The average equivalent radium was
calculated of plant samples is (43.429)Bq/kg , The average equivalent radium was
calculated of milk samples is (25.69)Bq/kg . The averages value of the absorbed dose in
the air ((nGy per hour)) of plant samples were (21.843) nGy.h-1 and (13.54)nGy.h-1 for
the milk samples . The hazard index internal and external of plant samples was about
(0.13) , (0.11)respectively , and (0.073) ,( 0.069)for the milk samples respectively . The
effective dose equivalent (EDE), from taking milk, was determined, depending on
By comparing the results withsome prior specific activity of Cs137 , K40 and Ra226
studies , It was found that the levels of radiation for samples studied within the
permissible limits globally .

Optimization of photodecomposition of chelatic Complex Phenyl hidrazedo-tris (diethyl dithiocarbamato) Molybdenum )V(

Hassan A. Habeeb

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 14, Issue 4, Pages 135-151

In this study the complex Phenyl hydrazido – tris – diethyldithiocarbato –
molybdenum(V)[Mo(N2ph)(S2CNEt2)3] was prepared and identified by (UV-Visible)
and infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. The kinetics of chemical decomposition for this
chelatic structure was studied by using irradiation of this complex solution, by using
a mono wave light (λ=365nm) and temperature (25C˚) for (60 min) in ethanol solvent.
The order of the photochemical decomposition was the first order reaction, As well as
the rate constant of photo decomposition reaction (kd) was calculated by observed the
spectral changes during the irradiation process. To know the best conditions for
decomposition of this compound complex, it is necessary to study the effect of several
factors on the photo chemical behavior for the complex which included: Effect of
concentration of the complex, where five concentrations of the complex have been
studied and found that the highest decomposition rate have observed at concentration
(2.5*10-5M). In addition, the impact of the change in the intensity of the light on
decomposition rate was studies show that the result when the light intensity increase,
the rate of the complex decomposition also increased. Also the complex
decomposition at the temperature range (20-35Cº) was studied. When increasing the
temperature increases the rate of the complex decomposition . The effect of pH value
at the range 3-11 and found that the rate of the complex decomposition increased when pH of the solution
increases. The effect of four alcoholic solvent were studied (methanol, ethanol, isopropanol and 1 - butanol), and
found that the highest decomposition rate of the complex achieved in Methanol, while the lowest decomposition
rate of the complex achieved in Isopropanol. In addition the effect of each of nitrogen gas, oxygen gas and the
atmospheric air on the the rate of complex decomposition was studied and compile the results with recorded results
in normal conditions, the highest decomposition rate observed in the presence of oxygen gas and the lowest
decomposition in the presence of nitrogen gas. The mechanism of photo chemical decomposition of the complex
has been interpreted by spectrophotometric technique, were the conclusion that have been obtained that there is
(redox- reaction) happening in this complex and the output of the processes of homo cleavage of (M-L) bond that
leading to reduction of metal ions and oxygenation of ligand and formation free radicals .

Preparation of Catalyst and its Application in Thermal and Photo Vapor Phase Oxidation Compounds

Mousa Umran Kadhum

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 14, Issue 4, Pages 152-163

catalyst was prepared from mixture ; Fe2O3-Cr2O3 by loading method in different ratios
(0:2,0.5:1.5,1:1,1.5:0.5 and 2:0) and supported on granulated kaolin clay with different . The
thermal vacuum evaporation technique was at temperature 323K .Characteristic catalyst was
prepared by X-Ray diffraction.and studied some physical properties for catalyst such as Surface
area , particles size, porosity , pores size (Mesh No.), density and electricalconductivity . Also
studied the activity of prepared catalyst by thermal and photo oxidation for 2-brobanol at298 -

Study the IL-12/P70 serum level in acute myeloid leukemia patients before &after chemotherapy

A. Hussain; T.A

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 14, Issue 4, Pages 1-6

IL-12 P70 is a key immunoregulatory cytokine with a molecular weight of
70 kDa . is produced mainly by DCs, MФs, monocytes, neutrophils, microglia cells
and, to a lesser extent, by B cells IL-12 exerts potent anti-tumor activity through
activation of immune effector mechanisms or direct targeting of tumor cells. The
aim of this study to evaluate serum IL-12 P70 concentration of patients before and
after treatment ,and comparative with control subjects . The other aims is to
associate this protein with age groups stage and the gender .
A direct ELISA was used to quantify serum IL-12 P70 concentrations in 60
patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML)and 15 healthy subjects (control) .
We found serum concentrations of IL-12 P70 were significant increase in
patients with AML after treatment in compared with patients before treatment (P<
0.5) . Experimental data suggest that they may suppress apoptosis and thus promote

Detection of kala-azar among children in Al Muthanna province

Zahraa Abd ALHammza Abbass

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 14, Issue 4, Pages 28-33

The current study was conducted in Al Muthanna province to detect the Kala-azar
infection among children. Result showed that the total infection rate of kala- azar was
17.75%. The age showed the higher infection rate in age (1- <2 ) year and the lower
infection rate in age ( 4 – 5 ) year ,The difference was statistically significant
(p<0.01).Result appear higher infection rate in male 55.26% than female 44.37% ,
There is no significant difference (p<0.01). distribution of kala- azar by region
showed the infection rate in rural area 65.78% is higher from urban area 34.21% , The
difference was significant between rural and urban area (p<0.01). prevalence kala
azar by months of year appear that higher infection rate in march 35% then November
27.27% then January 26.66% and decrees infection in July, The difference was
significant among month year (p<0.01).

Study The Structural and Optical Properties of Silver Nanoparticles Prepared By Using Pulsed Laser Nd-YAG

Sahib N. Abdul Wahid

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 14, Issue 4, Pages 34-41

Silver nanoparticles were prepared by using Nd-YAG pulse laser with
(=1064 nm), and the optical properties of these nanoparticles were studied. Then the
optical absorbance spectrum measurements in NaOH were carried out. Shape, size
and concentration of the colloid silver AgNPs show a spherical shape and a particles
diameters in the range of (30-50) nm. Finally, the spectral measurements such as
surface plasmon emission (SPE) from the prepared silver nanoparticles were done.

Study on The Effect of Annealing On The Optical Properties of The Pure Lead Sulfide (PbS) Films and Doping by Copper

am Sami

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 14, Issue 4, Pages 42-49

lfide (PbS) thin films were prepared by spraying pytolysis Method
(SPM). Glass substrates with (1 x 2.6 x 7.6) cm were used at room temperature . Thin
film of (PbS) was a doped by (Copper ,Cu) then the effect of annealing at different
temperatures(100,200)C0 on the optical properties of (pbS) and (PbS:Cu) are
The optical properties of the (pbs)and (pbs:cu) such as absorbance and
transmittance have been analyzed by using (FTIR - 8400S) instrument. The optical
band gab energy has been obtained from the plot between the (αhυ) as a function of
photon energy (hυ) was (0.43) eV for (pbs) and (0.41 ) eV for (pbs:cu) at the room
temperature . The absorption spectra of the films showed that (pbs) and (pbs:cu) have
a direct band gap increase slowly with temperature annealing

Comparison Between Zinc, Copper and Iron Levels in Children with Beta Thalassemia Major And healthy Individuals in Najaf City

Elham Abed Mahdi

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 14, Issue 4, Pages 50-60

Thalassemia is the most common hereditary anemia in human. The most
common types of disease are the alpha and beta thalassemia .Beta
thalassemia major is the most severe form requiring repeated blood
transfusions and deferrioxamine injections.The present study aims to
evaluating the serum iron, copper and zinc in thalassemia centre in ALZahraa hospital at Najaf city. Forty four patients (age from 3-16 years) with
beta thalassemia major (20 males and 24 females) that undergo periodical
blood transfusion and they are on deferrioxamine (DFO) as chelating agent
were involved in this study. Fifty controls of matched age and gender (25
males and 25 females) were also, included in the study. Results showed that
the zinc levels was significantly (p<0.05) decreased in beta thalassemia
patients when compared with controls, but in contrast there is a significantly
(p<0.05) increased of iron and copper levels in beta thalassemia major
patients when compared with normal control. No significant correlation
between serum zinc and copper levels with age, duration of blood
transfusion, deferrioxamine dose, only strong relationship between copper
and zinc levels and ferritine levels was observed in thalassemic patients.
Key words: zinc, copper, iron, beta thalassemia major

Preparation of azo compounds as liquid crystals

Sajida.H. Ridha

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 14, Issue 4, Pages 61-71

A new homologous series of symmetric dimers :α,β- Bis(4-n-alkoxy-2,3,5,6-
methyl-4̀-oxy-Azo-benzene)ethane (n=1-7).have been synthesized and characterized by , IR,
1H-NMR and CHN analysis. Their liquid crystalline properties have been determined by
polarizing optical microscopy (pom).All the members except the member (n=1) show
mesomorphic properties. The members (n=2,3) show enantiotropic pure nematic phase while
the members (n=4-7) show entiotropic smectic C phase in addition to enantiotropic nematic
phase .

Synthesis and Characterization of New Contact lenses Based on 2-Hydroxyethyl methacrylate

Mohammed A. Mutar

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 14, Issue 4, Pages 72-96

In this present work describes the synthesis new soft contact lenses based on
2-Hydroxy ethyl methacrylate monomer.2-Hydroxylethylmethacrylate (HEMA) was
polymerized by free radical polymerization in the presence of ethylene glycol
dimethacrylate (EGDMA) as acrosslinker and Benzoyl peroxide as initiator. The
polymerized materials were characterized fully for its use fullness as an intraocular
lens by various techniques. FTIR and 1HNMR were performed to find out the total
conversion of monomer 2-Hydroxylethyl methacrylate into hydrogels contact lens.
The hydrogels contact lenses were manufactured from different materials, these
materials and water content were: copolymerization 2-Hydroxylethyl methacrylate
with methacrylic acid (77.1%), Chitosan 82%, Methylacrylate 54%, Ethylhexyl
methacrylate 56%.The equilibrium water content (EWC) was measured for all the
hydrogels at 34°C and it was observed that the hydrophilic hydrogels swelling more
than hydrophobic hydrogels. The oxygen permeability (DK) was measured by
Morgan & Efron equation, the results show, the hydrophilic hydrogels display higher
oxygen permeability towards the cornea more than hydrophobic hydrogels. The
amount of proteins adsorbed on the membrane surface of hydrogels contact lenses
was calculated from the concentration of proteins in the SDS solution using a BCA
protein assay reagent kit. The results show albumin deposits in higher concentrations
on hydrophobic surfaces, as compared to relatively hydrophilic surfaces.The
transparency of all hydrogels were examined by using UV-visible spectrophotometer.
The results show that all hydrogels contact lenses allowed range of light
transmittance 58-94% ,at wave lengths between 400-700nm.
Keywords:Hydrogels;Contact lenses;Protien adsorption ;Oxygen Permability

Synthesis and characterization of some derivatives five hetrocyclic ring

Noor Saad Jaafar

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 14, Issue 4, Pages 97-115

In theis paper,anew series of 3-[(2-hydroxy naphthalene-1-yl)diazenyl)benzoic
acid [1],ethyl 3-[(2-hydroxy naphthalene -1-yl)diazenyl]benzoate[2], 3-[(2-hydroxy
naph thalene -1-yl)diazeyl] benzohyrrazide[3], [3,5-dimethyl-1H-pyrazole-1-yl]
[3-[(2-hydroxy naphthalene-1yl)diazenyl)phenyl]methanone[4],[3-[(3-hydroxy
methanone[5], 2-[3- [(3-hydroxy naphthalene-2-yl)diazenyl]benzoyl]-N-phenyl
hydrazine carbothio amide [6],1-[(3-(5-mercapto-4-phenyl-4h-1,2,4-teiazole-3-
yl)phenyl)diazenyl] naphthalene-2-ol[7], 1 -((3-(5-(phenylamino)-1,3,4-thiadiazol-2-
yl)phenyl)diazenyl) naphthalen-2-ol[8], (3-((2-butoxynaphthalen-1-
yl)diazenyl)phenyl)(5-(butylthio)-1,3,4-thiadiazol-2-yl)methanone[9]. have been
synthesized. These compounds were characterized by FT-IR ,spectrum,H1-NMR
spectrum, elemental analysis and the melting point were checked, the purity of the
prepared compounds were determind by TLC technique.
Keyword:thiadia , zole, triazole, pyrazole

Synthesis and Characterization of 2-(5-mercapto-1,3,4- thiadiazol -2-yl)isoindoline-1,3-dione (L) and It's Complexes with Some Transition Metals (Co(II) , Ni(II) , Cu(II) , Zn(II) and Cd(II) )

Najat jawad Al-Obaidi

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 14, Issue 4, Pages 116-131

In this work ,The ligand 2-(5-mercapto-1,3,4-thiadiazol-2-yl)isoindoline
-1,3-dione (L) has been synthesized by the reaction of 5-amino -1,3,4-thiadiazole -2-
thiol with phthalic anhydride by using fusion method . The metal complexes of the
ligand were prepared with metals chlorides of Co(II) , Ni(II) , Cu(II) , Zn(II) and
Cd(II) in ethanol as solvent . The ligand (L) and its metal complexes have been
characterized by elemental analysis (CHN), IR, 1H-NMR and UV- Vis. spectra ,
magnetic susceptibility measurements , molar conductivity , melting points and
atomic absorption . The metal-ligand ratio was determined by mole ratio method .The
suggested structures for the Co(II) , Ni(II) and Cu(II) complexes are octahedral
geometry and for the Zn(II) and Cd(II) complex are tetrahedral geometry .
Keyword : 1,3,4-thiadiazol , complexes of 1,3,4-thiadiazol

Synthesis of new azo dyes via Suzuki coupling

Ali G. Khadim

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 14, Issue 4, Pages 132-136

The synthesis of new azo dyes have been achieved by coupling reaction of
pyrimidine derivative with different phenolic compounds , the products have been
treated with 2- fluoro boronic acid by Suzuki coupling reaction to give new azo dyes .
These compounds have been characterized by spectroscopic methods (FTIR , UVVIS) ,TLC and melting point .
Keyword : azo dyes , Suzuki coupling , pyrimidine derivative

Study and Evaluation of bricks made from the local sand using sodium silicate as binder

Mohammed Ali Jaber

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 14, Issue 4, Pages 137-149

In this study, a mixture of (sand and sodium silicate (ratio 4:1) was composed ,
where sodium silicate is used as a binding agent, and put in an furnace at different
temperatures ranging from (200-1000 0C). It was observed that the density and
compressive strength with increasing temperature up to 800 0C degrees where the
compressive strength at its maximum of 12 MPa.
the effect of the waste glass used in the mixture was studied by adding different
rates. It was observed that the density of the models increases with increased rates of
waste glass, but at a temperature of 800 0 C noted that density decreases with the
increase in the proportion of the mixture, while there was a clear increase in the
strength of compression of the models with increased rates of waste glass . Also the
process of sintering was studied was developed models that have the same ratio (sand
(52%), waste glass (28%), sodium silicate (20%)) in an oven at a temperature of 800
were the physical properties (density, compressive strength and volume) with the
change of time (4-20) hr the result show that the density decreases with increasing
temperature and also increased volume. The compression strength, decreases with
time but at 16 hr it reaches a maximum of more than( 6 MPa).
Keyword: silica , waste glass, sodium silicate, compressive strength.

Synthesis and Characterization of Some New Metals Complexes of [N-( 4-chlorobenzoyl amino )-thioxomethyl] Anthranilic Acid (CBA)


journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 14, Issue 4, Pages 150-165

A new ligand [N-(4-chloro benzoyl amino)-thioxo methyl] anthranilic acid
(CBA) was synthesized by reaction of 4chlorobenzoyl isothiocyanate with anthranilic
acid by using acetone as a solvent , The ligand was characterized by elemental
analysis ,FT-IR,and13C, 1H-NMR spectra, some transition metals complexes of this
ligand was prepared and characterized by FT-IR, UV-Visible spectra , conductivity
measurements , magnetic susceptibility , atomic absorption and molar ratio ( M : L ).
From results obtained ,the following formula [ M (CBA )2 ] where M+2 = Mn, Co ,
Ni , Cu , Pd , Zn , Cd ,and Hg , the proposed molecular structure for these
complexes as tetrahedral geometry except copper and palladium complexes are
have square planer geometry .

Significance of serum heat stable alkaline phosphatase as a marker in lung cancer

Jasim Mohammed H. Al-jassani

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 14, Issue 4, Pages 166-170

The objective of this study is the evaluation of serum levels of heat stable alkaline
phosphatase(HSAP) as marker in lung cancer. The study include 44 lung cancer patients
with and without metastases and 30 matched healthy individuals. It has been found a
significant elevation (p<0.001) in patients with metastase and(p<0.01) in patients without
metastases for biomarker, in sera of patients in comparison to the health subjects. A
decreaese in the levels of the biomarker was apparently significant after removal of the
malignant tumor. However multiple post-operative determinat of HSAP showed
continuing elevation of the biomarker above the normal value in patients who developed
metastases. The results indicate that the HSAP can be used as a marker in the detection
and prediction of metastases in lung cancer.

On Bornivorous Set

Fatima Kamil Majeed Al-Basri

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 14, Issue 4, Pages 171-184

In this paper, we introduce the concept of the bornivorous set and its properties to
construct bornological topological space .Also, we introduce and study the properties
related to this concepts like bornological base, bornological subbase , bornological
closure set, bornological interior set, bornological frontier set and bornological subspace