Volume 14, Issue 2, Spring 2014, Page 1-210

Classficational Study of Parasitic Chewing Lice types on domestic and wild pigeon in Al-Diwaniya city

Hadi Madlul Hamza Al-Mayali

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), 2014, Volume 14, Issue 2, Pages 1-10

In this study we collected the samples during the period from November 2011 to
October 2012 240 of Columba livia ,240 samples of Columba domestica of Al-Dywania
city, 20 samples for every type of the studied birds monthly.This is to discover the parasitic
lice types in these birds and diagnosis them.In addition to testify the proportion and
intensity of the infection of those parasites.The results showed that C.livia and C.domestica
were infested with seven species of chewing lice they are :Columbicola columbae in C.livia
and C.domestica with the intensity of infection (2.08,14.58% ; 2.14,8.75%)respectively
,Columbicola tschulyschman in C.livia and C.domestica with the intensity of infection
(1.12,10% ; 1.58,7.08%)respectively ,Campanulotes compare in C.livia and C.domestica
with the intensity of infection (1.2,8.33% ; 2.42,16.66%)respectively ,Colocerasdamicorne
in C.livia and C.domestica with the intensity of infection (1.1 4,5.83% ; 1.53,5.41%)
respectively ,Bonomiella columbae in C.livia and C.domestica with the intensity of
infection (2.4,2.08% ; 1.25,1.66%) respectively ,Hohorstiella lata in C.livia and
C.domestica with the intensity of infection (1.27,4.58% ; 1.75,1.66%) respectively
,Menacanthusstramineus in C.domestica with the intensity of infection
(1.28,2.9%)respectively .Results showed that single infection of lice in C.livia and
C.domestica are the most common to 54.32% and 51.32% respectively .Results also
showed that there is no difference between males C.livia and C.domestica and females in
readiness to get infection with lice. No differences were found between the different
weight groups in percentage infection with lice

The use of certain algae in both cases free and immobilized in Phycoremediation of municipal wastewater

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), 2014, Volume 14, Issue 2, Pages 11-22

The trendof algal immobilization and impact them inphycoremediation of
pollutants in wastewater is a new technique that did not enter into Iraq even though it
is growing in other countries. In the current study We use of a number of algae in both
free and immobilized status inmunicipal wastewater treatment.The results showed that
immobilized algae Stigeonema spand Cladophoraglomerata have been reduced pH,
which began baseline and finished tied 7.8 and 7.4, as well as increased
concentrations of dissolved oxygen in the end of the experiment in all treatments free
and immobilized comparing with the control group and increased the amount of
dissolved oxygen by 67.06%.On the other hand, treatment with algae contributed to
reduce of total suspended solids TSS by 61.81% at treatment the immobilized
C.glomerata least it was when algaStigeonemasp in the immobilized condition. The
studied algae reduced about 85.5-96.7% of nitrite byC.glomerata and the
Stigeonemasp respectively and reduced about 95.2-99.93% of nitrate by C.glomerata
and S.dimorphus respectively ,At last removal of phosphate was at its peak when
treatment Stigeonemasp in its free state and reached to 99.93% and
immobilizedS.dimorphuswhich remove about98.35%of phosphate

Hormonal study of patients infected with rheumatoid arthritis in Babylon province

Ihsan R.I

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), 2014, Volume 14, Issue 2, Pages 23-32

This study was designed to investigate some hormonal changes for patients who
are infected by rheumatoid arthritis ,They are coming to Marjan hospital in Babylon
city from period December 2011 to June 2012. It has taken the information of
patients which included the age, gender, and the period of the illness. Their number
has reached to (80) patients (60) of them are females and (20) of them are males, in
comparison with healthy people who their number reached to (30) .(22) of them are
females and (8) of them are males. After taking a special information the blood
samples were taken 5ML and serum was isolated and testes were carried out which
included the level of thyroxin T4 and triiodothyronine T3 in addition to TSH. The
results of this study showed:
Significant decrease (P<0.05) in T4,T3 and significant increase (P<0.05) TSH for
people who suffering from rheumatoid arthritis in comparison with control group.
Also, this study included investigate the relationship between studied parameters and
some factors (gender, age, and the period of illness) for infected people in comparison
with uninfected people. It has concluded from this study that the infected female
which are suffered from negative changes for the studied parameters in comparison
with males. In addition the long age and period of illness have negative effect upon
the studied parameters in comparison with control group.

Epidemiology survey on the prevalence of infections intestinal parasitesin of Working in restaurants and food shope in the province of diwaniyah

Safaa Racine

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), 2014, Volume 14, Issue 2, Pages 33-39

This study was eonducted in order to findout the prevalence of intestinal
parasites infectious In working in restaurants and stores food and learn more kinds
of protozoan wide spread Included collecting 220 stool samples from people adults
aged 15-45 years were separated Sample collectin stage and stage.and divided in to
phases in summer ,for three months ,june- July –August ,and the same rate of 110
stage of winter is December Junuary –February ,and By 110 the same study showed
parasitic infection rate (Entamoeba ,Giardia ,cyclospora ,Blastocystis ) %12.2 the
ratiostood at these parasites in the summer %13.6 either in the Was recorded %10.9
.either in junuary rates in all parasites were recorded Entamoeba %5.9 in winter and
summer while Giardia appear rate %3.1 while Cyclospora rate in %2.2
While Blasto cystis was the lowest rate it %o.9 .
Tuse , these percentages show the seriousness of non medical examination and the
presence Of medical leave for workers in the field of food and it s preparation from
the medical and economic importance in the transmiss of disease

Effect of waters sources on the concentration of some phenolic compounds in the vegetative part of alfalfa plant

Abdulmoneim M.A.K

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), 2014, Volume 14, Issue 2, Pages 40-54

This study was conducted during 2008-2011 to detect the impact of water sources
on the content of some phenolic compounds in the vegetative part of alfalfa plant.
Water sources includes (groundwater, rivers, water receding, and household waste) to
irrigate alfalfa plants. Results demonstrated significant differences among the
water sources in characteristics. The highest value of average electrical conductivity
3072 µmhos/cm for the groundwater, and the lowest value was 278 µmhos/cm for
river water .
Concentration of cation and anion are highest in underground water except
potassium and phosphorus ions which were highest in household water.
Classification of water types used for irrigation was done by American laboratory for
salinity(LSA); and rank of C4-S1 for underground and receding while household
water and river water ranked C3-S1 and C2-S1, respectively.
Phenolic compounds have been isolated from Alfalfa plant tissues by the use of
HPLC were: Gallic acid, Chlorogenic acid, Syringic acid, Daidzein, Luteolin,
Apigenin, Flavone, P-Hydroxybenzoic acid.

Determination of concentrations of pollutant gases and trace elements in air of holy city of Karbala

Adnan R. Mahdi

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), 2014, Volume 14, Issue 2, Pages 55-66

For the period of time , December 2012 – February 2013 a study has been
taken aplace to detarmine deconcentration of pollutants in the air of the holy
city of karbala that included the following gases ( H2S , CO , NH3 , NO , NO2 , SO2
, SiH4 , O3 ) and the total concentration of hanged particle in the air on two hights
( 1.5m),( 3 m ) and the concentration of some trace elements specially
( Zn , Cr , Cd , Co , Mn , Fe , Pb , Cu ) in the Soil and Leafs where the study was
conducted .
The Flame Atomic Absorption was used to measure the concentration , these
measured concentrations
was compared with the National and World Standards to determined which places
were polluted and to suggest the suitable solutions for ( 10 ) traffic stations in the
city where the samples were taken under aspecific climate measurment .
The results of the study shows a clear rise in the average concentrations of gases
and a high rise in the Concentrations of the hanged particles in all places .
The study was condacted when a huge number of pilligrims arrived to the city .
Then it is a must to find the appropriate steps and solutions to treat the air pollution
in the holy city .

Synthesisr heteo cyclic compounds (four, five and seven) by Anil compound and study the biological activity

Rajaa A.Ghafel

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), 2014, Volume 14, Issue 2, Pages 67-83

In this paper ,preparation of series from hetro cyclic compounds which start
from anil compound m-formal bbenzaldehyde reacts with two mole of 2-amino
pyridine to give two groups (CH=N) ,which reacts with anhydrides ,primary amines
and sodium azide to give cycles (4,5 and 7)-membered from ten compounds in this
paper (azetidine ,tetrazol,oxazepine and diazepine).The synthesized compounds (1 -
10) have been characterized by (melting points FT-IR,elemental analysis ,C.H.N,
H.NMR) spectra ,and antimicrobial study of the Gram –positive and Gram –negative

Calculation the electronic stopping power for charged particles by using Impact parameter

Rashid Aweed Kadhum

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), 2014, Volume 14, Issue 2, Pages 84-100

Theoretical study is performed to calculate electronic stopping power by using
Bohr equation and the equation which resulting from distant and close collisions
which dependent on impact parameter of charged particles ( carbon ions and protons)
interacted with organic compounds :[polypropylene (C3H6 ; ρ =0.9 gm/cm3),
Polycarbonate (C16H14O3 ; ρ =1.2 gm/cm3), Polyvinylalcohol (C2H4O ; ρ =1.3
gm/cm3), Polyvinylacetate (C4H6O2 ; ρ =1.19 gm/cm3)] by using Bragg rule once and
another by the ratio , in the range of energy [ 0.01 -1000 ] MeV .
This equations are programmed by mathematical methods and done by Matlab
language to obtain the required theoretical results and they shown as diagrams .this
results compared with program SRIM 2012 to calculate stopping of this compounds
,as they showed a good agreement with them

Application of Band Ratio Technique To Distinguish The Surface Features for Sea Najaf Area Using Landsat (ETM+) Imagery

Ebtihal T. Hassan Al-khakany

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), 2014, Volume 14, Issue 2, Pages 101-110

In this research applying ratios packets technique spectral (Band Ratio) to
determined the properties of the earth surface and discrimination of land cover types.
Where the GPS device has been used to determine the study sites and match these sites
with satellite image. The study relied on a digital space image of satellite Landsat-7
where, six spectral bands has been used for Enhancement Thematic Mapper plus
(ETM+) sensor except the thermal sixth band, where spectral ratios applied of(ETM+)
bands separately to detect different types of surface. Spectral reflectance of the
different samples surface has been measured using a Erdas imagine 8.4 program . The
results showed that the surface samples which value of band ratios more than one
showed high spectral reflectance in the image of the corresponding ratios bands which
appeared brightness color where it distinguished between the different units of the
surface . After that several images of the spectral ratios have been tested, three spectral
ratios images has been collected to create collection image for colored image showing
the surface landmarks clearly different . Finally, the results showed the effectiveness of
spectral band ratios technology to identify and distinguish the different features of the
earth surface.

The role of Fusarium and Alternaria in the biodegradation of round up pesticide

Majid Kadhim

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), 2014, Volume 14, Issue 2, Pages 1-13

The present study aimed to investigating the role of soil fungi in the
biodegradation of the round up pesticide . The study focused on two of
the fungi , Alternaria and Fusarium which were isolated from soil . The
used concentrations of round up were (0, 30,40,50,60,) part per million
added to samples of soil tainted with the fungal inoculums . The samples
were then incubated at 27 cº for (0,3,6,9) days at the end of which the
pesticide was extracted and the residues of it was estimated through the
Gas chromatography method .
The study also investigated the influence of some other factors on
the two fungi mentioned above and its role in the biological degradation
of round up . The factors included temperature , pH , amount of fungal
inoculums used and the effect of pesticide on the fungi at solid media.
Results showed that the two fungi have significant ability in degradation
of the pesticide especially when using 40 ppm in of the Fusarium and 30
ppm for Alternaria .The two concentrations resulted in the percentages
of degradation (%19.25 and %13.33 ) respectively . The optimal
temperature for degradation was 25c° and pH was 7 while the amount of
fungal inoculums correlated positively with the two fungi s ability in
enhancing pesticide degradation .It was also found that the two fungi are
able to withstand the low concentrations of pesticide using it as food
source while high concentrations lead to the prohibition of the growth of
the two fungi .

Detection of immunological markers for Chlamydia trachomatis and Trichomonas vaginalis infection in women with obstetric complications in Najaf, Iraq

Najim A.Abdulkhudher

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), 2014, Volume 14, Issue 2, Pages 14-25

Infection of female genital tract are associated with many obstetric and
gynecological problems include abortion ,intrauterine infection , infertility
,preterm labor and postoperative infection ,in Iraq there is a little study
concern with role of both Chlamydia trachomatis , Trichomonas vaginalis
and relation with interleukin -6 in different obstetric complications. Hundred
women enrolled in this study 60 with different obstetric complications
include abortion ,preterm labor and intrauterine death and 40(40%) normal
full term pregnancy, full history and examination was done and high vaginal
swab was taken for detection of T.vaginalis ( by wet mount preparation and
antigen detection).blood was aspirated for detection of antichlamydial
antibodies (IgG and IgM) and interleukin-6.The results shows that the
diagnosis of T. virginals by antigen detection in vaginal swab more reliable(
p<0.001) than direct examination by wet preparation(30.0% and 6.7%)
respectively. The presence of C. trachomatis IgG and IgM is (33.3% and
38.3% respectively ) more significant ( p<0.001) in women with obstetric
complications in study group than control group (7.5 and 0.0% respectively).
The highest level of C. trachomatis IgG and IgM was directly correlated
with elevated interleukin -6 (58.3%) in women with obstetric complications.
Infection with T.vaginalis and C. trachomatis were associated with
increase risk of abortion, preterm labor and intrauterine death , so screening
for both infection may reduce different obstetric complications.

A novel method for isolation new strain of E. coli ( resist for Ampicillin and sensitive for Gentamycin ) and other (sensitive for Ampicillin and resist for Gentamycin )and check it's conjugation by solid media , liquid media and it's stability by serial plating method

Mohammed Abdul Rahmman Mohammed

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), 2014, Volume 14, Issue 2, Pages 26-36

Bacterial strains ( E. coli ) were collected from two different places , The first
strain was collected from central Laboratory – Baghdad university , meanwhile the
second strain was collected from pathogenic laboratory – Baghdad university
Replica plating and gradient plate method technique were used to prepare strains with
different multi trails
Replica plating was used to select strain resist to specific antibiotic with low
concentration ( sensitive for other type of antibiotic ) then go head subsequently with
gradient plate method to adapt the strain to resist (high concentration )
Replica plating was used to select first strain resist to Amp. ( 100 Mg / ml ) and
( sensitive to Gen.) then gradient plate method was used to adapt first strain to resist
Amp. (500 Mg-ml ) therefore. first strain was resistant to Amp. ( 500 Mg / ml ) and
sensitive to Gen. (500 Mg / ml ) , on other hand ,by using same methods , second
strain was resistant to Gen. ( 500 Mg / ml ) and sensitive to Amp.. (500 Mg / ml )
To visualize if ( Amp. resist trail and Gen. resist trail ) carried on plasmid , first and
second strains were conjugated by using conjugation technique in solid media and
liquid media .
The conjugant strain was resistant to ( 1000 Mg / ml ) by which it resists Amp. and
Gen. , (500 Mg / ml ) for each antibiotic .
The efficiency of conjugant was determined on solid media and liquid media , it was
so high a round 9% . The conjugant strain was checked for stability of it's plasmid by
using sub – culturing method . It was stable for 25 times of sub-culturing
Concentration of the protein for E. coli ( resist for Ampicillin and sensitive for
Gentamycin ) and other strain E. coli
(sensitive for Ampicillin and resist for Gentamycin ) was 0.0021 and 0.0052 meanwhile
conjugant was 0.106
AL-Qadisiyha Journal For Science Vol.19 No. 2 Year 2014
Mohammed A.Amjd T. Husam S. ISSN 1997-2490
Finally , . using replica plating , gradient plate and conjugation process consider as a
novel technique to prepare strains with multi trails which resist very high
concentration of antibiotics and efficient conjugation process .

Incidence of Extended-Spectrum β-lactamases ESBLs producing Escherichia coli in patients with urinary tract infection

Firas Srhan Abd Al- Mayahi

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), 2014, Volume 14, Issue 2, Pages 37-50

Two hundred seven isolates of Escherichia coli were isolated from urine
samples collected from patient suffering from UTI obtained from Al-Diwaniya
Teaching Hospital. During the period from March 2011 to May 2012, a total of 2000
urine samples were collected from patients with suspected UTI. Identification
according to the traditional biochemical tests, then confirmed by VITEK 2 system.
Detection of ESBLs by using initial screening and confirmatory test which carry out
by disk approximation or double disk synergy test (DDS) and CHROMagar methods,
showed that 186 (89.8%) / 207(100%) of E. coli were initially screened as positive for
ESBL. CHROMagar CTX technique was the most 166 (80.2%) ambient method than
the disk approximation or (DDS) 0(0.0%) tests regarding confirmation of ESBL
production. The results revealed that Screening and confirmatory tests considered the
most accurate method for detection of ESBL- producing isolates, while the disk
approximation was not accurate method in detecting such enzymes. The results of
PCR assay showed that, 50 (100%) and 49 (98.0%) of the blaCTX-M positive isolates
harbored blaSHV and blaOXA genes, respectively. While, blaTEM, blaPER, blaVEB and
blaGES genes were not detected in this investigation.

Detection of Vibrio parahaemolyticus by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technique

Hadaf Mahdi Kadhim Al-Abidi

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), 2014, Volume 14, Issue 2, Pages 56-62

Vibrio parahaemolyticus causes gastroenteritis in humans, this bacterium lives in coastal
water during the summer, repetitive extragenic palindromic PCR (REP-PCR), one of the
fingerprinting technique that used to analyse the isolates of V. parahaemolyticus tested in the
current study, the majority of clinical isolates produced a band at 1000 bp amplicon. The DNA
from this band was cloned and sequenced and found to code for a peptide chain release factor 1.
The specific PCR amplification results showed that all 100% of the all V. parahaemolyticus
strains tested were positive for 400 bp products. None of the other Vibrio species and non-Vibrio
produced this amplicon. A PCR method amplifying a 400 bp fragment of the V.
parahaemolyticus peptide chain release factor 1 could be useful in the specific and rapid
detection of the species.

Incidence and Antibiotics Resistance of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from Skin Lesion of Psoriasis Patients

Ebtihal Chiad Abbas

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), 2014, Volume 14, Issue 2, Pages 84-71

Isolation of Staphylococcus aureus was ought to be the reduced local defense
factors in the lesion due to local and systemic immunosuppressant drugs like
cytotoxic drugs and corticosteroid used for the treatment of psoriasis. The study aim
to investigate the incidence and antibiotic resistance ability of these bacteria
associated with psoriasis. Skin swab was taken from lesional skin of psoriasis
patients for isolating of S. aureus. Isolates identified by conventional tests and
confirmed with 16SrRNA specific primers. Among all patients, 37(52.9%) isolates
were identified as S. aureus. All isolates tested for methicillin susceptibility using an
initial screening test. The results showed 34(91.9%) isolates that resisted to pencillin,
29(78.4%) isolates resisted to methicillin and 22(59.5%) isolates that resisted to
oxacillin. All isolates showed sensetivity to vancomycin and linezolid and then
confirmed by used genotypic detection for presence of mecA gene. From this isolates,
mecA gene was detected in 14 isolates. There were differences in resistance to
antibiotics observed between mecA-positive and mecA-negative isolates

Demographical Study of Individuals with Allergy to Dust Storms in Basra

Nibras S. Al-Ammar

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), 2014, Volume 14, Issue 2, Pages 72-85

This study was carried out in College of Medicine, University of Basra during the period
between (June –September) 2011 to know the distribution of individuals in Basra with allergy to
dust storms according to gender, age groups, symptoms, and family history of allergy to dust
storms. 314 individuals were included in this study,238 individuals have allergy to dust storms
and 76 have no allergy to dust storms and considered as controls. There was no significant
difference between allergic individuals and controls according to gender and age groups. There
was a significant association between allergy to dust storms and presence of symptoms of nasal
secretions, eye irritation, breathing difficulties; P-value< 0.05; odds ratio (OR)=16.5 ; 95%
Confidence Interval (CI)= (8.02-33.97), P-value< 0.05; odds ratio (OR)=4.22; 95% Confidence
Interval (CI)= (2.30-7.74) and P-value=0.00; odds ratio (OR)=16.17; 95% Confidence Interval
(CI)= (7.41 -35.27) respectively. Also there was a significant association between allergy to dust
storms and presence of allergy to perfume, smoke, food and drug; P-value=0.001; odds ratio
(OR)= 3.93; 95% Confidence Interval (CI)= (1.63-9.52), P-value=0.01; odds ratio (OR)=2.19;
95% Confidence Interval (CI)= (1.20-3.98), P-value=0.004; odds ratio (OR)=2.43; 95%
Confidence Interval (CI)= (1.34-4.42) and P-value=0.005; odds ratio (OR)=3.97; 95%
Confidence Interval (CI)= (1.38-11.45) respectively. Results showed no significant association
with family history of allergy to dust storms and duration of outdoors period

Synthesis and spectral characterization of some metal complexes containing azo derived from 2-aminobenzimidazole

Moslem Hassan Mohamed

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), 2014, Volume 14, Issue 2, Pages 86-96

New complexes of 2[(2- Benzimidazole) azo] -4- Bromo aniline (BIABA) with
Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II) and Ag(I) were synthesized and characterized by infrared
and electronic spectra and in addition of elemental analysis, molar conductance and
magnetic susceptibility measurements. The data show that the ligand a bidentate and
tridendate and coordinates of the metal ion via the group amine, nitrogen atom of azo
and with imidazole (N3) atom. Octahedral environment is suggested for Co(II), Ni(II)
Cu(II), Zn(II) metal complexes and tetrahedral for Ag(I) complex. The analytical data
show that the metal to ligand ratio (M:L) in all complexes is (1:2) but Ag(I) is (1:1)

Application of Normal and Derivative Ultraviolet Absorption Spectroscopy for the Determination of Six Polyaromatic Hydrocarbons in Tigris River

Abdul Latif M

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), 2014, Volume 14, Issue 2, Pages 97-103

The aim of this study is to find a suitable analytical method for determination of
some polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in different locations in Tigris river. Six of
PAHs are studied according to Environment Protection Agency, which are Naphthalene,
Anthracene, Acenaphthene, Acenaphthylene, Phenanthrene, and Fluorene. Ultraviolet Visible technique is applied by using normal and derivative spectra to find a suitable
wavelength for qualitative and quantitative measurements for each compound. The
calibration curve for the standard solution for the six PAHs (0.1 -100) ppm gave linearity
The proposed method was applied on different samples from Tigris river. High
level of contamination caused by PAHs was detected in these samples in comparison with
a previous study

Synthesis and characterization of new macrocyclic compound from 4- amino antipyrine

Hashim M. Sheerali

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), 2014, Volume 14, Issue 2, Pages 104-115

The target of this work involves synthesis of different new
macrocyclic derivatives utilizing two different strategies. The first one
involved prepare new azo derivative for (4- amino antipyrine), Through
reaction between (4-amino antipyrine) with antipyrine in suitable solvent
to form (A1), while the second step involved reaction prepared azo
compound with several compounds such as ( urea , thiourea , quanidine ,
o- phenylene diamine) to form ( A2, A3, A4, A5 ) compounds.

Spectrophotometric determination for microamount of mercury (ІӀ) and zinc(ІӀ) from HCl media by Rhodamine 6G

Shawket .K.Jawad

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), 2014, Volume 14, Issue 2, Pages 116-127

Rhodamine 6G used as anion exchanger in organic phase for extraction and
spectrophotometric determination of Hg2+ and Zn2+ ions from HCl aqueous media after
conversion metal ions into chlorol complexes anion .The study include limitation
optimum condition for extraction such as , HCl concentration , metal ion concentration
shaking time as well as stoichiometry of ion pair complex extracted , organic solvent
effect , thermodynamic studies about extraction was endothermic for both metal ions ; in
addition to another studies and applications for determination analyte metal in different
samples .

Synthesis & Antimicrobial Evaluation of Open Chain of Organo–Selenium Compounds

Nagham .Mahmood .Aljamali

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), 2014, Volume 14, Issue 2, Pages 128-143

The organo-selenium compounds are one of important organic compounds in synthesis
of different compounds and as anti microbial .The target organo –selenium compounds [3-7]
were synthesized from the reaction between diethyl malonate and 4-amino benzoyl chloride to
produce compound [1] ,which is react with sodium hydrogen selenide to give corresponding
sodium aroylselenide [2] ,which is react with one of aroyl derivatives as shown in scheme (1)
to produce compounds [3-7].All the synthesized compounds have been investigated using
different chemical techniques ,such as ,(C.H.N)-analysis , (H.NMR–spectra ,FT.IR–spectra ) ,
melting points and biological study.

Removal of Pb(II) ions by adsorption from aqueous solutions using beans peel powder as a new adsorbent

Hassan Abbas Habib

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), 2014, Volume 14, Issue 2, Pages 144-153

In the present study, beans peel was used as an adsorbent for removing Pb(II)
ions from aqueous solutions. The amounts of adsorbed ions were estimated were
carried out by using flame atomic absorption spectrophotometer. The effects of initial
metal ions concentration, pH , existing salt and temperature were studies.
The adsorption isotherms are of H-curve type according to Giles classification
and the experimental data were best fitted to Langmuir and Freundlich isotherm
The adsorption phenomenon was examined as a function of temperature (20,30,
40 and 50oC) and various thermodynamic parameters (Ho, So and Go) have been
calculated. The thermodynamic parameters of lead ion- beans peel systems indicated
the adsorption processes is spontaneous.
The results indicated that the adsorption extent of lead ions onto beans peel
increased with increasing the pH of solution and it was decreased with increasing
ionic strength of solution

Preparation and Characterization of Co(II), Ni(II) and Cu(II) New Schiff base complexes derived from acetoacetanilide


journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), 2014, Volume 14, Issue 2, Pages 124-162

Solid metal complexes of Co(II), Ni(II),and Cu(II)have been preparation
andcharacterization using anew Schiff base (ANPHA) derived from anew azo dye
wasβ-[(p-(Nitrophenyl)azo] diketonilideand 4-aminoantipyrine characterized by
several techniques, including elemental analysis (C.H.N), molar conductance,
magnetic measurements, electronic spectral and IR spectral studies. The data show
that these complexes have composition of [ML2] type. Theelectronic spectral, and
magnetic susceptibilitydata of the complexes suggest octahedral geometry of all
complexes, and the ligand (ANPHA) behaves mono basic tridentate manner, by
coordination through the azomethine nitrogen atom and oxygen atoms

Solving Heat Transfer Equation by Using Feed Forward Neural Networks

Alaa Kamel Jaber

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), 2014, Volume 14, Issue 2, Pages 163-172

The aim of this paper is to design feed forward neural network (FFNN) to solve
the heat equation. Using a multi-layer with 7 hidden units (neurons) and one linear
output unit, the sigmoid activation function of each unit in hidden layer is tansig
function, where the Levenberg – Marquardt training algorithm is used to train the
network .The existence of the proposed solution was proved. The suggested networks
have been studied intensively for a few decades and have provided an option for
modeling complex systems. Therefore this option was utilized to reduce the
computation of solution, and finally the method is demonstrated through illustrative

The Solution of Diffusion And Exothermic Zero Equation By Using Newton – Kantorovich Method

Eman Ali Hussan

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), 2014, Volume 14, Issue 2, Pages 173-185

This paper aims to a solution of a diffusion and exothermic equation by using
Newton- Kantorovich method . The Newton- Kantorovich method is used to convert the
nonlinear boundary value problem into linear boundary value problem , and then using
numerical method to solve the linear boundary value problem .
The numerical method is a suitable based on a finite – difference method ( the
central-difference ) scheme was considered here in since it gave a good results and thus
obtaining small errors . The central- difference method is preferable over backward or
forward difference scheme. Finally ,some numerical examples show that in this paper
the results of proposed methods have a good agreement compared with that of exact
solution . The use of finite- difference method produced a system of linear algebraic
equations which are solved by using the Matlab computer software .
Keywords :

On (i,j) -prw Closed Set and (i,j)-prwContinuousfunction in BitopologicalSpaces

Luma Saad Abdual Baqi

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), 2014, Volume 14, Issue 2, Pages 194-210

In this paper we introduce and study the a new class of closed
set called (i,j)-preregular weakly closed set (briefly (i,j)-prw closed).and
(i,j)- pre weakly closed set (briefly (i,j)-pw closed).Moreover the notions
of (i,j)-prw- Continuous function and (i,j)- pw- Continuous function are
introduced ,and study the relationships among them, are studied.