Volume 14, Issue 3, Summer 2014, Page 1-222

Histological and physiological study of the negative influences of the toxins secreted by Aspergillus flavuis on the fertility of male albino rats

Ahmed J. Al-Naaly

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 14, Issue 3, Pages 1-16

The present study aims to determine influences exudation liquid culture of Aspergillus flavus separated from yellow corn seeds infection with fungus which was given to animals at the dose (20 ml/kg) of body weight on body weight ,testis and epididymis weight , some sperm parameter (Total sperm count , percentage of movable sperms and it's activity degree and percentage of normal and abnormal sperms) and measurement concentration of some reproductive hormones (testosterone, FSH, LH) as well as histological study which include: the counting of spermatogenesis cells and leydig cells.
Experimental included (20) male albino rats randomly divided into equal two groups :control group and treated group. The animals were exposure to the same condition of temperature ,light and diet along the experiment. After end of experiment the animals were Weighted and anesthetized, the blood was draw from heart directly, to measurement concentration hormones. The animals were dissecting and the testis and epididymis were ablated to weight and to preparation of histological slide.
Result showing significant decreases (P<0.05) of body weight, testis/body weight ratio , epididymis weight/ body weight ratio, total sperm count , percentage of movable sperms and it's activity degree , percentage of normal and abnormal sperms as well as the significant decreases in concentration of testosterone, FSH and LH hormone in treated group with A. flavuis comparative with control group.
On the other hand, The histological changes revealed significant decreases (P<0.05) in the mean of spermatogenesis cells and leydig cells.

Isolation and identification of Aeromonas spp. from Clinical and Environmental sources and study It's Sensitive for Antibiotic

Safaa M. Salman

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 14, Issue 3, Pages 17-31

Total of 259 samples fromvariant clinical source for patients of AL-Diwanyia's hospitals and environmental source (water) were collected from the date 10/11/2012 – 10/3/2013 ,Biochemical and morphological characterization tests besides use of API 20 Eand Vitek System showed that seventeen isolates wereidentified as Aeromonas spp.These Isolates characterized as : 8 Isolates belong to Aeromonashydrophila , 4 Isolates belong to Aeromonassobria , 4 Isolates belong toAeromonascaviae and one isolate belong toAeromonassalmonicida .Antibiotic susceptibility tests of all the isolates towards ten antibiotics agents were carried out and results showed that 76.47 % were resistant to PenicillinG , 82.35 % resistant to Clindamycin ana 100 % sensitive for Imipenem,Meropenem , Ciprofloxacinand Amikacin , 17.64 % showed resistant to Chloramphenicol . The Isolates showed different sensitive for Gentamicin و Cefotaxime و Ceftriaxone ( 88.23 % , 70.58 % , 76.47 % ) .

Spectrophotometric Method for the Determination and Biological Activity of Trace Amount of Zn( II ) and Hg ( II ) with Reagent 2 – (6 –Methoxy – 2 – Benzothiazolyl ) azo – 4 , 5 – diphenyl imidazole

Azhar Abees Ghali

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 14, Issue 3, Pages 84-110

A direct method has been developed for the spectrophotometeric determination of Zn(II) and Hg(II) using 2–(6 –methoxy – 2 – benzothiazolyl ) azo ] – 4 , 5 – diphenyl imidazole (6-MBTADI) as a complexing reagent . Beer’s law was obeyed over the range from 2- 25μg/mL for Zn(II) and 0.5-13μg/mL for Hg(II). Sandell’s sensitivity and Molar absorptivity have been found to be 0.0582μg.cm-2 and 0.1123x104 L.mol-1.cm-1 for Zn(II), 0.0262μg.cm-2 and 0.7640x104 L.mol-1.cm-1 for Hg(II). Each metals complex were stable for more than 24 hrs under optimized conditions. The limit of detection , relative standard deviations, relative errors and recovery for Zn(II) and Hg(II) complexes were found to be LOD=0.8, 0.45; R.S.D%=3.94 ,1.892; Erel%=2.58, 3.5 and Re%=97.42, 96,5 respectively.

Improvement of A5/1 encryption algorithm based on Using Unit Delay

Sattar B. Sadkhan

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 14, Issue 3, Pages 211-222

The authentication and the security mechanism are very important in mobile networks because the GSM networks are susceptible to many attacks aiming to penetrate the conversation and access to data transmitted through the network. The GSM security and encryption algorithms are used to provide authentication and radio link privacy to users on GSM network. Encryption algorithm is one of the elements of the GSM networks security where it depends on the encryption algorithm A5/1. A5/1 is strong encryption algorithm used for encryption of conversations on GSM mobile phones. This algorithm in its structure depends on the stream cipher that is very fast, where the sequence key generated must have large period, and good statistical properties. The aim of this paper is to improve GSM network security by improving one of the components of the GSM network security which is A5/1encryption algorithm, with applying (unit delay) to increase length of generated key stream sequence. The Simulation of A5/1 encryption algorithm was implemented in SIMULINK.


Mayssa Abd ulkareem

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 14, Issue 3, Pages 198-210

The use of image communication has increased in recent years where The rapid development of the communication network through the Internet and development of the electronic trade with spread of the digital media such as (images, audio, video) which can be got easily, copied, and distributed with another persons names. Each type of data has its own features; therefore different techniques should be used to protect confidential image data from unauthorized access. This paper has been proposed new encryption algorithm using in RGB image encryption supported by Elliptic Curve Cryptography (ECC) with forward key mixing (OFKM) process. The main advantage of elliptic curves systems is thus their high cryptographic strength relative to the size of the key. The propose scheme is simple, fast and sensitive to the secret key. The experimental results show that the proposed encryption technique is efficient and has high Security features.

Minimization of the spherical aberration coefficients of composed of quadrupole and octupole lenses using the rectangular field distribution model

Fatma N. Gaafer

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 14, Issue 3, Pages 155-167

The optimization calculations are made to find the optimum of the spherical aberration coefficients due to octupole presented. The latter can be combined with the quadrupole lens. The equations are given for composed lenses in the approximation of rectangular model of the field distribution. From the calculations it is found that the spherical aberration coefficients can be reduced to negative value. These results are similar to the results published by Fishkova, T. Ya. and Yavor, S. Ya.(1968) where the negative and positive values are at the found but the present results are the best to give rise to minimum spherical aberration coefficient. These computations have been concentrated on determined the spherical aberration coefficients in both convergence and divergence planes, and also the effects of changing the excitation of lens, the coefficient (γ) and the effective length of lens "L"(geometrical dimensions) with the changing of object and image distances studied and are taken into account.

Synthesis & identification some heterocyclic compounds derivatives of Biotin

Nabeel A.A.AL.Aetha

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 14, Issue 3, Pages 156-176

The studies involves synehesis some new derivatives for the biotin by many schemes .
The first scheme involve treatment the biotin with methanol in present sulfuric acid concentration to obtained the derivative [H1], the derivative [H1] has been treated with hydrazine hydrate to obtained the derivative [H2] , for there treatment the derivative [H2] with acetyl acetone to obtained the derivative [H3] , and also treated the derivative [181] with carbon disulphide in present potassium hydroxide obtained the derivative [H4] .
Either the second scheme involves treat ment the biotin with thiosemacarbazide in present Phosphorous oxy chloride to obtained the derivative [H5] which treated with Phthalic anhydride and Malic anhydride to obtained the derivatives [H6] & [H7] respectively, and also treatment the derivative [H5] with P-N,N-Dimethyl amino benzaldehyde to obtained on Schiff base the derivative [H8] which consider intermediate to preparation the derivative [H9] after with treatment Thio acetic acid

Effect of caffeine and vitamin C in structure and function of the thyroid gland male rats treatment by dimethoate

Hussein Khudair AL- Mayali

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 14, Issue 3, Pages 110-124

Conducted the current study to determine the positive effects of caffeine and vitamin C in reducing the toxicity of pesticide dimethoate , as used (50) male mature, divided the animals into two groups subdivided included each group of 25 animals and these were divided into five groups secondary included each group 5 animals. Control group dealt with drinking water usual , The first treatment: given pesticide dimethoate concentration of 30 mg / kg of body weight, treatment II: given pesticide dimethoate concentration of 30 mg / kg and caffeine concentration of 20 mg / kg of body weight, treatment III: given vitamin C concentration 100 mg / kg of body weight , treatment IIII: dimthoate pesticide concentration 30 mg / kg and caffeine concentration of 20 mg / kg of body weight and vitamin C concentration of 100 mg / kg of body weight. and after 3 and 6 weeks and weighed the animals and took blood for the purpose of evaluating measure the levels of hormones, thyroid (T4, T3) and TSH , , and catalse and glutathione. I explained to animals and eradicated the thyroid gland and to conduct histological study . the analysis showed statistically significant decrease (P <0.05) levels of hormones, thyroid (T4, T3) and high moral (P <0.05) in the level of TSH for a pesticide compared with control as well as with the rest of the aggregates treatment , and saw results a significant decrease (P <0.05) in the level of antioxidants catalse and glutathion in the group treated first pesticide dimethoate compared with the control , as well as with the rest of aggregates treatment, either study textile has recorded a significant decrease (P <0.05) in diameters follicles and size colloid compared with the control , as well as with the rest of the treatment groups .
It follows from the results of the study , exposure to dimethoate led to the events of changes in the standards biochemical blood rats treated pesticide although the intensity changes are all grown up duration of exposure , and the study proved that giving caffeine and vitamin C together or separately synchronously his role is effective in reducing the damage and toxic effects caused by dimethoate in the effectiveness and installation of the thyroid gland in addition to biochemical parameters .

Evalution Efficacy of some plants alkaloids in radial growth of Alternaria raphani which isolated from seeds and roots of Eggplant

Abdulamir S. Saadoon

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 14, Issue 3, Pages 97-84

This study included the efficacy of the atropine alkaloid , which extracted from fruits of Datura metel L. , and the solanine alkaloid which extracted from leaves of Solanum dulcamara L. and some fungicides on the radial growth of A. raphani and Fusarium solani isolated from seeds and roots of eggplant compare with fungicides Benomyl and Bluedil , and also testing the effect of these treatments in germination of seeds in sterilized and unsterilized soil , and detection of tested fungi by molecular method using Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) . the results showed that the alkaloids have significant effect for growth of tested fungus on soild culture medium (PDA) , in measuring with controlled treatment and tested fungicides at level of possibility 5 % , and also increasing the rate of germination of eggplant seeds in sterilized and unsterilized soil , and the concentration 15 mg/ml was the most effect among other concentrations and nearest to the action of fungicides . The testing of measuring Infra Red Spectrum (FTIR) showed the presence of many specific bands due to the extraction alkaloids.



journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 14, Issue 3, Pages 168-189

The electrical properties of polymer bulk films have done from prepared PET (polyethylene terephalate) of water drinking bottle as paste and mixed with different percentages by weight (wt%) Carbon (C) on clean glass substrates. This investigation exhibits dependence on the structure of the polymer. The polymer bulk strip films showed different electrical properties, which depend on the film thickness and the applied voltage, PET characterization and diagnosis were carried out by infrared spectrophotometer (IR) and differential scanning calorimeter (DSC). The I-V characteristics of the films were measured at applied voltage (150) volt d.c. and the effect have been discussed, the electrical resistivity (ρ) and the electrical conductivity (σ) were measured depend on the percentage of film constituent.. The calculated activation energy is equal to 5.6x10-4 eV at PET0.02C0.002.

Response of tow varieties of okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L. Moench) to application methods of humic acid, zolfast and their effects on vegetative growth charectristics and yield

A. A; Yaseen

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 14, Issue 3, Pages 54-75

The experiment was conducted in Agriculture College, University of AL–Qadisiya during the period of 10/4/2011 till 15/10/2011. The aim of the study was studying response of two okra cultivars (Al–Husenawyia and Al–Pteira), humic acid and zolfast application methods (foliar and addition to irrigation water) and this concentration (recommended and doubled) on vegetative growth charectristics and yield
The humic acid and zolfast formulas were added twice by the use of hand sprayer. The recommended concentration for humic acid and zolfast as foliar spraying were 1 ml.L-1 and 2 ml.L-1 if doubled respectively while when used with irrigation water 4.8 ml.L-1 and 9.6 ml.L-1 at double for humic acid 7.2 and 14.4 ml.L-1 for zolfast if doubled.
The design of the experiment was Randomized Complete Blocks in a factorial arrangement (2×2×5) in three replications. The RLSD at 0.05 was used as a method of mean separation treatment effect was evident.The results showed:
1- Al–Husenawyia cultivar was superior in specific leaf weight, relative growth rate, vegetative dry weight, root dry weight, fruit length, number of fruit/plant, fruits yield compared to Al–Pteira had higher fruit dry weights.
2- Foliar application method of humic acid and zolfast showed beneficial effect on all parameters studies except root dry weight.
3- No significant difference were found between the recommended concentrations of humic acid or zolfast in, relative growth rate, vegetative dry weight, root dry weight, fruit length, fruit dry weight, number of fruit/plant.
4- The interaction between cultivars and humic acid and zolfast concentrations revealed that both cultivars had different response to the applied concentrations of humic and zolfast. Al–Husenawyia had higher relative growth rate, vegetative dry weight, and root dry weight. While Al–Pteira had higher specific leaf weight when used the double recommended concentration of zolfast.
5- The three way interaction factors studied in the experiment revealed an increase in growth parameter of both cultivars when humic acid and zolfast were added in their higher concentration (double recommended) by foliar application expect root dry weight which were increased when added to the irrigation water. Al–Husenawyia cultivar was higher in all parameters with the use of higher concentration of humic acid and zolfast when applied with irrigation water or foliar application. The three way interaction revealed no significant difference in vegetative dry weight, fruit dry weight.

Detection of Toxoplasma gondii in domestic birds in middle Euphrates region of Iraq by using poltmerase chain reaction technique

Hadi M. Hamza

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 14, Issue 3, Pages 41-53

The current study was conducted to detection the Toxoplasma gondii in five species of avian including , Gallus gallus domesticus , Meleagris galbpavol , Anser anser , Anasplatyrhychos domesticus and Columba livia in middle Euphrates province of Iraq ,during 2012-2013 by using conventional Polymerase Chain Reaction to detect of B1 gene which was specific gene of T.gondii in blood samples of avian . A total of 400 Avian , collected , including 80 samples of each species (20 samples of chicken , Turkey , geese , and Ducks) of each province of middle Euphrates (AL-Diwania , Babylon , AL-Najaf and Karbala) in addition to 80 samples of pigeons from the center of AL-Diwania province.
The results of 400 blood samples of avian were showed there were 38 samples (%9.5) gave positive result , include ,14 (% 17.5) from chicken , 12 (%15) from Turkey , 8 (%10) from geese , 4 (%5) from pigeon ,whereas the results were showed the B1 gene was not present in the blood samples of ducks and .
the highest percentage was recorded in chicken %17.5,whereas the lowest percentages were %5 in pigeon.
Also the results were showed the percentage of four types of avian (except pigeons ) according to the provinces were, the percentages were %16.25(High percentage) , %5 (Low percentage) ,% 6.25 ,% 15 in Karbala, AL-Najaf AL-Diwania , Babylon province. The results showed ,the percentage of infection in the samples areas were highest
(%17.5) whereas in the urban areas were lowest (%12.5) polymerase chain reaction.

Molecular study to detect cutaneous leishmania with identify the parasite species and screening for some virulence factors own

a Abbas Jassem; Ghyda

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 14, Issue 3, Pages 76-83

This study aimed to evalute the sensitivity of the polymerase chain reaction technique (PCR) in detection of cutaneous leishmania parasite ,and identification the species of parasite,with search for the presence of three virulence factors lipophosphoglycan, Cysteine protease and proteophosphoglycans by using the same technique .
Fifty-five biopsies were taken from skin ulcers which clinically diagnosed as cutaneous leishmaniasis from patients attending education AL-Diwaniyah hospital in AL-Qadisiya city for the period between 1 11 2012-1 5 2013 ,whose age ranged from (10-80) years .The DNA was extracted from samples,then amplified by using primers selected on repetitive kDNA for identification of a Leishmania parasite, it is L.major species and the above three virulence factors,after that DNA electrophoresis was done for the amplified DNA. The results showed that Leishmania parasite was detected in 89.09% of samples.The L.major species was identified in the majority of Leishmania parasite positive samples 98%. And the above three virulence factors were identifed in all L.major positive samples.
There for , the study confirmed that PCR technique is a sensitive method in diagnosis of cutaneous leishmaniasis .Beside that it can be use in differentiation among different cutaneous leishmania spp. And identification of some parasite virulence factors. The study showed the L.major is the main cutaneous leishmania species in AL-Qadisiya city beside the prrsence of the three virulence factors in all L.major samples.

Hits against microbial bacteroicin the product by bacteria Lactobacillus salivarius toward the negative bacterial species to dye gram

Eman Hamza Mohamed

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 14, Issue 3, Pages 17-31

collected 155 samples from various clinical sources included 20 samples of vaginal swabs, 8 saliva swabs, 6 sample milk of lactating mothers for the period of October -2012 until March -2013. The results of the isolation and laboratory diagnosis and biochemical tests the ownership of 34 isolated bacteria Lactobacillus salivarius and the highest percentage isolate bacterial (33.3)% of the samples of the vagina. All isolates showed bacteria Lactobacillus salivarius effectiveness of the microbial against toward some negative bacterial species to dye grams diameters ranged between inhibition zones (8-2) cm, as results showed portability 4 isolates selected to produce bacteriocin. The results showed that the Rf bacteriocin values produced by the bacterium Lactobacillus salivarius isolates ranged from (5.4 to 2.3) for deposit bacteriocin and between (6-4.3) for leaky bacteriocin, The Leaky bacteriocin was more effective in the inhibition compared with deposit bacteriocin.

Isolation and identification of dermatophytes fungi from under two year children in diaber location

Majidkadhim; Majidkadhim

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 14, Issue 3, Pages 98-109

This study has been done to insulate and diagnose the( Candida spp ) from babies under two years in the place of the baby nappy . To know exactly the existence attribution of these (Candida spp ) and to study their sensivitiy t o anti-funguses (Ltraconazol (LTZ ) , Fluconazole (FLZ ) , Amphtericin – B , Nystatin , Ketoconazol (KTZ) ) . This study has also included discerning the relasionship between the way of using the baby nappy and the possibility of being ill by dividing it into three patterns ( neutral , intermitted and nightly ) . On the other side , discerning the effect of the environmental factor represented by the baby habitation whether it is city or countryside .Then , the Uresis test has been used to separate it from the continents while the germ tube test is used to differ the white ovaries from others .
The use of to prevent the growth of the contaminant bacteria and the diagnose of different kinds is depended upon the the instruments of testing (RapiD , Yeast, plus ,, Color , Guide ) . The results were analysied by using a statistical programme ( SPSS) 2007 in analyzing the data to study the effect of different factors to the tested features . The (ANOVA ) was used on (10,0 ) incorporeal level by the statistical programme ( Excel ) . When the incorporeal differences were compared with the averages by ( LSD) the results were that the tested anti-funguses had a fatal effect towards the all kinds of isolated yeasts in different degrees depending on the kind of yeasts . And it demonstrated a clear impact to the way of using the baby nappy and the habitation of the patient.

Characterization of Novel Formazan Derivative and Study its Activity of Antihyperglycemic

Hasanain Gomhor Jasim

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 14, Issue 3, Pages 85-96

In the present research, a 1-[4-((E)-((Z)-(phenylimino) (3,4,5-trihydroxyphenyl) methyl)diazenyl) phenyl] ethanone, (a Formazan Derivative) was synthesized by the condensation of Schiff base (5-[(phenylimino)methyl]benzene-1,2,3-triol) and diazonium salt of 4-amino acetophenone. The Schiff base 5-[(phenylimino)methyl]benzene-1,2,3-triol was itself synthesized by the condensation of aniline with 3,4,5-trihydroxybenzaldehyde. All the reaction were monitored and purity was determined on TLC, and spots were visualized by exposing the dry plates in iodine vapours. The synthesized formazan derivative has been characterized by CHN, UV-Vis, IR spectral data and melting points.
The study was conducted to evaluate hypoglycemic effect of the synthesized formazan derivative on blood glucose level following oral administration to normal and alloxan treated rabbits. The rabbits are divided into control and treatment groups every group considered from six rabbits. The hypoglycemic effect of synthesized formazan derivative was studied in both types of rabbits. Group I was control group and received orally 3 ml of distilled water only. The groups II was treatment group and received orally with 150 mg/kg of synthesized formazan derivative dissolved in 3 ml of distilled water. Group III was treatment group too and received orally with 300 mg/kg of synthesized formazan derivative dissolved in 3 ml of distilled water.
The synthesized formazan derivative is recorded excellent hypoglycemic effect in the blood glucose level . The cellular toxicity of synthesized formazan derivative was studied and showed it is nontoxic.

Macrocyclic Carriers for Separation of ReO-4 in Bulk Liquid Membrane .

MoayyedG. Jalhoom

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 14, Issue 3, Pages 97-111

Transport experiments a cross bulk liquid membranes (BLMs) are presented . The competitive transport of ReO-4 ions through a BLM with dibenzo-18-crown-6(DB18c6) , di cyclohexyl- 18- crown-6 ( DCH18C6, diaza-18-crown-6(DA18C6) and kryptofix 2.2.2 (Cryp2.2.2)were investigated .
The effect of stirring speed , type of carrier and type of organic solvent on the transport of ReO-4 ions from source phase consist of 0.001 M from KReO4 in 10 ml of double distilled deionized water to receiving phase consisted of 10 ml of double distilled deionized water at PH = 3.2-3.7 a cross organic phase consist of 0.01 M of Crown ether in 40 ml of organic solvent . The permeability and the rate transport of ReO-4 ions were determined,they are founed to be favrouble and more acceptable with the compound dicyclohexyle 18-Crown-6 as Carrier,1,2-dichloro ethane as organic solvent and 100 rpm rat speed in this model.


Abbas Shakir Jwad Al-muhanna

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 14, Issue 3, Pages 1-8

A total of 522 patients suffering from abortion or another genital tract problem were studied to determinate the role of cytomegalovirus in causing abortion in women suffering from frequent abortion, dependent on increasing the level of IgG and IgM antibodies in serum of patient.274 (52.4%) gave positive results, versus 248 (44.6%) gave negative results. (26%) in Karbala governorate (13%) in Al-Najaf, and (13.4%) in Al-Diwanyia. Human cytomegalovirus was detected in 261 (93.3%) of female versus 13(6.7%) in male.
The highest number of CMV infection was appear in age between (25-30, 20-25 and 20-25) accounted 38 (7.3%) in Karbala, 23 (4.4%) in AL-Najaf governorate and 19(3,6%) in AL-Diwanyia respectively

Synthesis, spectroscopic and antimicrobial studies of Mn(II), Fe(II), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II) complexes with N-aminoquinoline derivatives.


journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 14, Issue 3, Pages 43-31

Novel transition metal (II) complexes, [M(L1)2]Cl2 and [M(L2)2Cl2], were synthesized from the reaction of MCl2.nH2O (M =Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn) with N-[N-(1,2-diphenyl)ethanol amino] cumarine (L1), N-[4-(α-methyl) pyrilidino] cumarine (L2).
The ligands were obtained from cumarine. N-aminoquinoline-2-one has been synthesized by the reflux of cumarine with hydrazine hydrate in ethanol for 12 hrs. the azomethanes (L1, L2) were prepared from the corresponding benzoin and 4-acetylpyridine. The synthesized compounds were characterized by microanalysis (M), molar conductance, magnetic measurement, infrared and electronic spectra . The IR spectral data suggest the involvement of carbonyl, hydroxyl and azo methane nitrogen in coordination to the central metal ion. On the bases of the spectral studies an octahedral geometry has been for all complexes .The free ligands and its metal complexes have been tested in vitro against number of microorganisms in order to assess their antimicrobial properties.

A comparative study of the quality of sewage waste waterof Diwaniyah textile mill and waste water treatment plant in Diwaniya

Foad M. Alkm

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 14, Issue 3, Pages 125-142

The current study was conducted on two types of industrial wastewater of heavy water to a textile factory Diwaniyah S1 and S2 and municipal water treatment plant Diwaniya, S3 and S4 in the city of Diwaniyah _ Iraq. Confirmed this study on changes of spatial - temporal to some physical and chemical properties and algal content of these sites, the importance of this study stems from the importance of the Diwaniya River(Shatt al-Diwaniya), which receives large loads of pollutants from both sites under study (factory and processing plant). Monthly samples of water and algae werecollected for the duration of study (Spring 2011 - Spring 2012).
The results of physical and chemical tests following temperature ranges (13.7-31.1 º C) pH (7.0-7.8), electrical conductivity (1225-2045 µS / cm) Total suspended solids TSS (58.5-277.2 mg / L) of dissolved oxygen (0.7-8.11 mg / l), biochemical oxygen requirement BOD (41.49-200.43 mg / l) nitrite NO2 (0.423-12.25 mg / L) of nitrate NO3 (161.85-637.57 mg / l) effective phosphate (81.3-1141 Mcgm / l)the total number of phytoplankton (17,000- 14202.75 individual / L) the spatial and temporalhave shown changes of high significant differences at (p ≤ 0.05) among the stations and seasons,the results showed qualitative study of algae that dominance was for blue green algae(cyanophyceae)by 46%, followed by algae Bacilliariophyceae (diatoms) by 27%, and finally algae dinophycesaeby 3%. On the other hand, according to data of Shannon – Wiener index (H) of the diversity of the fall and winter varieties on they were extremely pollution in all stations 0.377 and 0.669, respectively, while summer and spring, moderate pollution of class (П) values were manual Shannon - Weiner is 1,374According to the manual species richness, the first leg was the best, followed by the station fourth ,third and second came in last, but in terms of abundance, the third leg of the rest of the stations topped followed fourth ,second and finally the first. And as conclusion the current study showed that algal studies can give early warning and an accurate assessment about the quality of sewage before deliverd to the river.

Hematological and Biochemical Changes in Albino Rats Receiving Aqueous Extract of O. basilicum Leaves

Yazi Abdullah Jassim

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 14, Issue 3, Pages 24-30

The present study had been designed to determine The effect of oral administration of aqueous extract of 0ccimum basilicum leaves on some Hematological and biochemical parameters and on the level of blood proteins(total protein , albumin and immunoglobulin) of adult rats . 20 adult albino rats (10 males and 10 females) weighting between 100-150 g obtained from the disease free stock of the animal house ,biology Department, University of Babylon were used for the study The rats were divided according to sex into four groups with five rats each, as follows: Group Mc (Male control group receiving distilled water); Group Fc (Female control group receiving distilled water); Group Mt (Male test group receiving aqueous extract of O. basilicum leaves); Group Ft (Female test group receiving aqueous extract of O. basilicum leaves). There was increase in the amount of hemoglobin, PCV and neutrophils levels (P > 0.05). lymphocytes level was decreased on administration of the extract in both male ( 58.17 ± o.81 ) and female ( 60.76 ± 0.36 ) Serum biochemical results showed significant increase of serum total protein , albumin and immunoglobulin .

Synthesis , characterization 4,5- di phenyl imidazoles

Hasan Thamer Ghanim

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 14, Issue 3, Pages 140-154

A seven- member hetero cyclic compound were prepared by reaction 4,5- di phenyl imidazoles with P-amino aceto phenone give azo compound which after with reaction derivitives amines (3-nitro aniline, 3-amino phenol , 2- Bromo aniline 4- Nitro aniline , 4-Methoxey aniline , 2,4- di chloro aniline) which after with reaction phathalic anhydride to give 7-membered heterocyclic(7-12). And has follow–up of the interaction by thin layar chromatography , melting point, FT-IR ,C.H.N anylasis

Study Some Physiological Parameters and Association GSTM1 , GSTT1 Genes in Patients Osteoporosis in AL-Diwanya City.

Wisam Abdan Wawi AL-Khaledy

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 14, Issue 3, Pages 9-23

Several studies refer to higher levels of oxidative stress are associated with osteoporosis .The glutathione S- transferase genes have a vital role in the protection of cells from oxidative stress.
The purpose of this study to know the frequency of GSTM1 and GSTT1 genes in Osteoporosis patients and asset the relationship between the genes and some physiological parameters in osteoporosis patients. Genotype (GSTM1 and GSTT1) genes were determined by polymerase chain reaction (PCR).
The mean Calcium and GSH level were significantly lower (P<0.05) in osteoporosis patients compared with the control group.
Show the results significantly higher (P<0.05) levels ALP, Phosphorus and MDA in osteoporosis patients compared with the control group. While don't find significantly higher (P>0.05) GST in osteoporosis patients compared with the control group.
The statistical analysis showed that the deletion in the GSTM1 (-) null genotype was increased (3.4) times in osteoporosis patients compared with control. While, the deletion in GSTT1 (-) null genotype was increased (1.5) times in osteoporosis patients. Also the results found that significant increased in the deletion in GSTM1 (-) and GSTT1 (-) (2.9) times compared with the control group

*Synthesis and characterization of new benzotriazole derivatives

Ezzat H. Zimam

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 14, Issue 3, Pages 112-127

This research involves synthesis of some derivatives of benzotriazole and new heterocyclic derivatives such as (pyrazoline, pyrimidine, benzopyran) which have chemical and biological importance.
The first step, include the synthesis of 1-N-Acetyl-benzotriazole from reaction benzotriazole with acetic anhydride in presence of some drops of sulfuric acid.
The second step, include synthesis the a series of α,β-unsaturated carbonyl compounds (chalcones) ,by consdensation of 1-N-Acetyl-benzotriazole ,with different aromatic aldehydes[ 4-(dimethylamino)benzaldehyde,4-hydroxybenzaldehyde,4-nitrobenzaldehyde,4-clorobenzal dehyde ] to give new chalcone (A ,B ,C ,D) respectively.
A. 1-N (3-(4-(dimethylamino phenyl)propenone) Benzotriazole.
B. 1-N (3-(4-hydroxyphenyl) propenone) Benzotriazole.
C. 1-N (3-(4-nitrophenyl) propenone) Benzotriazole.
D. 1-N (3-(4-chlorophenyl) propenone) Benzotriazole.
The three step, include the synthesis the A series of different heterocyclic.
These compounds (chalcones) were used as precursors in preparation of a number of cyclic organic compounds through their reaction with :
1- hydrazine, Phenyl hydrazine in methanoic acid to form another series of pyrazoline compounds (A1,B1,C1,D1, A2,B2,C2,D2) .
2- thiocemecarbezid to form pyrazoline derivatives compounds (A3,B3,C3,D3).
3- uear,thiouear and guaniden to from pyrimidine derivatives compounds (A4,A5,A6,B4,B5,B6,C4,C5,C6,D4,D5,D6).
4- Resorcinol in Hydrochloric acid to form benzopyran derivatives compounds (A7,B7,C7,D7) .
Key world :benztriazole, chalcone, pyrazoline, pyrimidine,

Isolation of Piperine compound from Black Pepper Seeds and Synthesis of it some new derivatives


journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 14, Issue 3, Pages 128-139

An efficient isolation of Piperine(1) from the black Pepper seed ethanolic extract was reported . the pure isolated piperine was reacted with urea thiourea ,hydrazine , phenyl hydrazine ,and hydroxyl amine hydrochloride to give pyrimidinone , pyrimidinethione pyrazolin, phenylpyrazolin and oxime derivatives (2a-2g). All the reported compounds were confirmed by the available physical and spectral methods.

A Study Ecological & Microbial Contamination on Rumetha river in Al-Muthana governorent

Rafat Abdulhassan

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 14, Issue 3, Pages 143-155

Study included some physical and chemical properties of the river al-Rumetha where the observed high BOD5 values as a result of water exposure to pollutants also noted the high turbidity values during the months of study as a result of differing water levels. The other properties were within the standard limits. Results showed that the water pH is alkaline bicarbonates depending on the recorded values. The results of isolation and diagnosis in the study area the possibility to isolate and diagnose races bacterial many such as E.coli rate (62.5%) and Pseudomonas rate (58.3%) and Klebsiella & Shigella rate (22.2%) also diagnosed several genera of fungi, including Aspergillus by the emergence (20 , 02%) and the fungus Penicillium by the emergence of (19.6%) and Curvularia by (12.7%). showed bacteria resistant to two anti (GEN, AMI) while the other sensitive to antibiotics .

*Synthesis and Characterization of Novel Aromatic Polyamides Containing Pyridine Heterocyclic Ring and Schiff-Base

Mohammed A. Mutar

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 14, Issue 3, Pages 44-72

Six new aromatic polyamides Par1-Par6 were prepared by direct Yamazaki’s polycondensation reaction of 4-Phenylenediacrylic acid (PPDAA) with two new aromatic Schiff-Base diamine monomers 2,6-bis[(4-amino-2,6-dimethylphenyl)methylene]diaminopyridine (BADMDP), 1,4-bis(6-aminopyridin-2-ylimino)dimethylenebenzene (BAPIDB); and Phthalic acid (PA) with four new diamine monomers containing pyridine heterocyclic group and bearing bulky aromatic pendant groups in the 4-position of the pyridine ring 4-(4-amino-2,6-dimethylphenyl)-2,6-bis(4-aminophenyl)pyridine (ADPBAP), 4-(2-hydroxyphenyl)-2,6-bis(4-aminophenyl)Pyridine (HPBAP), 4-(4-chlorophenyl)-2,6-bis(4-aminophenyl)pyridine (CPBAP), and 4-(4-(2,6-bis(4-aminophenyl) pyridin-4-yl)phenyl)-2,6-bis(4-aminophenyl)pyridine (BAPPBAP) in the presence of CaCl2 in Pyridine and Triphenyl phosphite (TPP) as condensing agents in N-methyl-2-Pyrolidinone (NMP) as solvent. 4-Phenylenediacrylic acid (PPDAA) was prepared by the condensation reaction of Terephthalaldehyde with Malonic acid in the presence of pyridine. The monomers were characterized by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), and Nuclear magnetic resonance (1H-NMR). The resulting polyamides were characterized by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), and Nuclear magnetic resonance(1H-NMR); and their physical properties including solubility, thermal stability and thermal behavior were studied as well. All of these new polymers show very good solubility in polar aprotic solvents and excellent thermal stability.