Volume 14, Issue 1, Winter 2014, Page 1-15

Study of effciecy of Saccharomyces cerevisiae in reducing the toxic effects of aflatoxin B1andB2 in male albino rats

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 14, Issue 1, Pages 1-8

The study revealed the ability of Article Saccharomyces cerevisiae to reduce the toxic effects of in the vital systems of male albino rat with an increase in the count of white blood cell (W.B.Cs) were increase as (12000,11333.3) cell mm3 and comper by treatment ofcontrol to(8333.3)cellmm3.While the role Saccharomyces cerevisiae of increase the white blood cells in treatment of animals in (AFB1+S,AFB2+S) to (8510.3,8550.6) cellmm3.as well as when treated of the blood of animals by aflatoxin B1 and B2 just in both one that have nective effectiv in the rate of hemoglbin concentration to ( 7.4,8.) g100ml respectively.significant differentes treatment of control to (11.9) ) gml While it was that significant decreased in P.C.V% reched to (23)% in AFB1 treated just where was in AFB2 to(25.5)% while as treatment of Saccharomyces cerevisiae with toxins that posstive effect was rised in P.C.V% of blood animal treatment to (37,36)%. in the blood of animals comparison in (AFB1+ Saccharomyces cerevisiae, AFB2+ Saccharomyces cerevisiae) in nearly equal to the treatment of control to (11.1) gml of was recorded on E.S.R.More over the result indicate that treatment AFB1,AFB2 have clear role in rising of liver enzymes levels G0T to (22,23.3) IULrespectively . comper to treatment control to (18) IUL as was as increased liver enzymes levels of GPT to (25.3,28) IUL respectively.While it was levled decreased of aflatoxins B1,B2 with of Saccharomyces cerevisiae both in one to (17.2,16.9) IUL respectively.On besid of blood suger rate was rised to (100.3,102.3)mg100ml suger in treatment animal of aflatoxins B1,B2comparitive treatment to control to (83.6 ) mg100ml suger on other hand in rising while the (90,87) mg100ml suger in treatment (AFB1+ Saccharomyces cerevisiae ,AFB2+ Saccharomyces cerevisiae) respectively.Anddemonstrater the results of histological of the members of the liver ,kidneys,intestines to toxic aflatoxinsB1,B2 were influential and caused the events of histological changes sever where was occurrence of congestion and bleeding inarteries and veins of the liver and enlargement of cell(Hypertroph) as well as to inflammation of glomeruli of renal necrosis in the intestinal represents the occurrence of bleeding effect and the fall of the vill and analyze the material was Saccharomyces cerevisiae played an important role in miligating the pathology of this study .some times removal of these symptoms for each tissus members in particular the intestinal tissue .

Microamount determination and extraction of Mn(VII),Ni(II) as anion in different Vital and environmental samples with

Fatima .A.Wannas alghurabi

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 14, Issue 1, Pages 1-15

Extraction Ni(II) as anion chloro complex [NiCl4]= and Mn(VII) as [MnO4] - as ion pair complex extracted to organic phase by un organic reagent 2-[α-naphthy azo]-4,5-diphenyl imidiazole [α-NADPI] as complexing agent , with definition all parameters effect on extraction activity such as, hydrochloric acid concentration, metal ion concentration, shacking time, as well as stoichiometry show ion pair complex extracted was 1:1:1. Thermodynamic study appear the complexation reaction was endothermic with both anion [NiCl4]= and [MnO4] -, in addition to used this method to determination Ni(II) and Mn(VII) in different environmental and vital sample.

Synthesis and Charactrization of Hetromacro cyclic Compounds via cyclization Reactions

Nagham. Mahmood. Aljamali

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 14, Issue 1, Pages 1-11

In the present study , new type of hetromacro cycles [4,5] were synthesized by the reaction between terminal of (amine , thiol ) of compounds [1-3] with carbonyl compounds (4 – amino benzoyl chloride ,4-methanal ethyl benzoate , 4-methanal benzaldehyde) by condensation reaction .The synthesized compounds have been investigated using different chemical techniques , such as (Uv–Visble spectra ,FT.IR–spectra ,H.NMR-spectra ,(C.H.N)–analysis , and melting points ) .

The study of physico-chemical characteristics of power plant effluents at Basrah governorate.

Amal M. Eassa

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 14, Issue 1, Pages 1-21

The present study was conducted on Najibia and Hartha power plants to assess the physico-chemical characteristics of power plant effluents and to investigate the environmental impact resulting from them. The water samples from both power plants were collected for four weeks during Summer season in 2012 where water samples were taken from three sites (Inlet water, outlet cooling and outlet Industrial water) for analyzing seven parameters (water temperature, pH, electrical conductivity, total suspended solids, chloride, total phosphorus and total iron). Water temperature increased at site 2 (outlet cooling water) comparable with site 1 (inlet water) at Najibia and Hartha power plants, at Najibia power plant it exceeded Iraqi guideline value of waste effluents (˂ 35 ◦C) while at Hartha one it was within that guideline. pH values of the sampling sites at both power plants were found to be neutral to alkaline in nature, pH value of site 1 was within the Iraqi guideline value of surface water (6.5-8.5) and the effluents of both site 2 (outlet cooling water) and 3 (outlet industrial water) were within the Iraqi guideline value (6-9.5) of waste effluents which had no effect upon aquatic organisms. Electrical conductivity elevated at site 2 at Najibia power plant due to high temperature while at Hartha power plant, water electrical conductivity of site 2 was lower than that of site 1, the electrical conductivity result of site 3 at Najibia power plant was higher than that of site 1, and at Hartha power plant it was lower than that of site 1. The highest average of suspended solids was at site 3 in Najibia power plant comparable with other sites while at Hartha power plant the least average of suspended solids was at site 3 comparable with the other sites. However, the effluents of both site 2 and 3 at both power plants did not exceed Iraqi guideline value (60 mg / l) of waste effluents. The average values of chloride ion for site 1 and 2 at both power plants were less than 1000 mg/l and this indicated that river water was suitable for cooling purpose while the average chloride's ion values of site 3 at both power plants were within the Iraqi guideline value (600 mg/l) of waste effluents where they did not threaten the life of aquatic organisms. The prevalence of phosphorus compounds in industrial wastes referred to water treatment processes and the results of all sampling sites at both power plants were very high to produce eutrophiction phenomenon where it occurs in an aquatic environment when concentration of orthophosphorus is only 0.005 to 0.05 mg/l .The average values of total iron at site 1 did not exceed the guideline value (1 mg/l) of U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (1986) for freshwater aquatic life. Where as the concentrations of total iron in site 2 and site 3 at both power plants were within the Iraqi guideline value of waste effluents (2 mg/l).

Occurrence Study of Rubella Virus in Miscarriages' Women in Al-Diwanyah Province

Aqeel Abbas Kareem

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 14, Issue 1, Pages 1-9

A total of 500 samples of patients which collected from miscarriages' women( aborted women) 134 were positive for rubella in percentage of (26.8%) and 100 of healthy as control group. Enzyme linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) were used to assess the presence of specific antibodies against the virus. 1 (0.75) were positive for IgM antibody and 113 (84.33 %) for IgG. Whereas all control group 100 have been found to be negative. The occurrence of the pathogen in relation to the residence, age and occupation has been studied. This study was conducted to detect the possible association between the infection and miscarriages at the Children Maternity Hospital and private laboratories in Al-Diwaniya Province during the period from July 2012 to March 2013.the highest ratio of infection in the first trimester at age group (21-30) years. Miscarriages' women were classified according to different trimesters and number of gravidity.

The effect organic solvent extract of Datura metel leaves on some biological aspects of Hyalomma schulzei (olenev) (Acari:Ixodidae)

Annon; Mohamad R

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 14, Issue 1, Pages 1-17

تضمن البحث الحالي اختبار تأثير مستخلصات المذيبات العضوية(الكحول الاثيلي وخلات الاثيل والهكسان) لاوراق نبات الداتورا Datura metel في الادوار الحياتية لقراد Hyalomma schulzei تحت الظروف المختبرية تمت دراسة الفعالية البايلوجية للمستخلصات باستخدام تراكيز مختلفة ( 70,50,30,10 ) % ملغم / مل وكانت النتائج كالاتي:
هلكت البيوض واليرقات المعاملة بالمستخلصات المذكورة في مختلف التراكيز بنسبة 90%,اما الحوريات غير المتغذية فبلغت نسبة الهلاك المئوية 90 و77.70 و68.85% والمتغذية 83.85 و72.78 و66.14 % في التركيز 70 ملغم/مل على التوالي لكل من مستخلص الكحول الأثيلي وخلات الاثيل و الهكسان بينما نسب الهلاك للبالغات فقد بلغت في الذكور غيرالمتغذية 90,و61.22 و59 %والمتغذية و77.7 و 57 و 51.14 % بينما الاناث غير المتغذية 72.29 و 53.15 و 46.92 %والمتغذية 63.93 و51.84 و 40.7 % في التركيز70 ملغم/مل بالمستخلصات السابقة وعلى الترتيب ويستدل من النتائج ان مستخلص الكحول الاثيلي هو الاكثر تأثيرا في هلاك الادوار الحياتية للقراد قيد البحث.

Epidemiological and diagnostic study for some intestinal parasites that infect children in Diwaniya province

Najim Abd-Alwahid Al-Hassany

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 14, Issue 1, Pages 1-16

An Epidemiological study was conducted to determine the prevalence of intestinal parasites among outpatients and inpatients children in the hospitals and some private laboratories in the province of Diwaniya for the period from the beginning of November 2011 until the end of August 2012. The number of samples that have been collected (1057) stool samples, and the number of samples infected (223) sample After samples were examined in two methods, direct wet smear method using normal saline and iodine solution and staining method with modified acid-fast stain.
The results showed that the overall incidence of intestinal parasites was approximately (21.1%), and males were more susceptible than females, where the percentage of males (21.4%) and females (20.8%), seven species were recorded belonging to the two parasitic groups, a parasitic protozo which included Entamoeba histolytica which scored highest infection rate, Giardia lamblia, and Cryptosporidium parvum parasites, which where (66.8%), (36.7%), and (17.9%) respectively. And a group of parasitic worms which included Hymenolepis nana, Enterobius vermicularis, Ascaris lumbricoides, and Taenia saginata parasites, infection rates were (2.7%), (1.8%), (1.8%) and (0, 4%), respectively.
The results showed that July and August record the highest incidence of intestinal parasites from the rest of months, where the rates were (31.1%) and (28%) respectively, and the results also showed that the age groups (4-6) and (6-8) years were the two more infected with intestinal parasites. Afak and Hamzah eastern were the most infected, which where (30.8%) and (30.5%) respectively, and the infection mode with one parasite was more common than other modes of infections.

Antagonism or Synergism effect of heavy metals (Cadmium and Lead)upon growth of green alga Chlorella vulgaris

Hussain Yousif Al-Rekabi

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 14, Issue 1, Pages 1-12

The antagonism or synergism effect of some heavy metals (both Cadmium and Lead) in different concentrations upon growth of green alga Chlorella vulgaris were studied, firstly, the effect of each metal alone was carried out by adding the cadmium metal (0.1 , 0.5, 1, 2, 3) mg/L to culture, the concentration (3 mg/L) was more toxicity for alga, and the lowest chlorophyll content was in second day (1.9) µg/100 ml in comparison with control(2.4 µg/100 ml). For the Lead ,was added as(30 ,40, 50, 75 and 100) mg/L, and the concentration (100 mg/L)was more toxicity for alga and the chlorophyll content reduced to (1.6) µg/100 ml in comparison with control.
In the other experiments , metal ions were mixed and added together to the culture media as concentrations (30 Pb + 0.1 Cd ; 40 Pb + 0.5 Cd and 50 Pb + 1 Cd) mg / l , the concentration (30 Pb + 0.1 Cd) was the lowest toxicity, and recorded the maximum of dry weight which reached to(63.3) mg/gm in C. vulgaris and chlorophyll content (11.5 µg/100 ml ) . Some cases of antagonism effect were happened depending on used concentration and exposure period , and the growth rates were increased , while the doubling time were decreased.


Muhannad.M. Sahib

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 14, Issue 1, Pages 1-11

In order to evaluate the effect of seed priming techniques on seeds germination characteristics of Okra. an experiment was conducted at the Seeds obtained directly from the field of Babil governorate during the season of (2012-2013). Seeds were primed for 4 hours at two temperatures (25 and 30 Cº) in priming media (1.5% and 3% KH2PO4, and hydropriming, distilled water as control). Maximum seed germination percentage, germination speed index (GSI), seedling vigour index (SVI), was observed when the seeds primed by KH2PO4 3% for 4h and at 20 and 30 Cº. Relative growth rate and all seeds germination characteristics in this study also increasing with increased KH2PO4 concentration from 1.5 to 3% compared to control.

Bacteriological study for Staphylococcus aureus bacteria selected from group of bacteria associated with diabetes wound patients in Al-Diwaniya city

A. N; Hussein

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 14, Issue 1, Pages 1-19

The samples of study were collected from Al-Diwaniya Teaching Hospital and taken from patients lobbies general surgery and micro-operations for a period of (1/12/2011) until (1/4/2012) and by 200 sample included 100 injuries sample of people with diabetes and another sample of 100 persons with non-diabetes.
The bacterial isolates taken from skin injuries to different parts of the wounds and different ages for both sexes. The bacterial isolates mostly diagnosed using biochemical tests. While Vitek system was used in the diagnosis of some bacterial species, also chrom agar media used on establishing the diagnosis of some bacterial species, especially Staphylococcus aureus.
Staph. aureus made first place (23% and 27%) as causing for wound infection in both categories of people with diabetes and patients followed Escherichia coli in second place (17% and 24%) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa in third place (10% and 7%) respectively. Also recorded in the current study cases of mixed injuries: bilateral, trilateral and quartet for wounds diabetics types bacterial different, while restricted to the injuries of single and binary only for wounds non-diabetics as well as the high percentage of isolates (23%) is the an container for any type bacterial wounds patients without diabetes compared isolated one only (1%) to diabetic wounds.
The sensitivity of all isolates Staph. aureus causing infection wounds of patients with diabetes and the 42 isolation for all types of injuries single and mixed received in the current study were tested to 18 antibiotics by based on a method diffusion disks; all isolates given full resistant (100%) of antibiotics Amoxicillin, Ampicillin, PenicillinG and Amoxicillin-Clavulanic acid and semi complete (95.23%) to Carbencillin, While given a medium resistance (66.66%, 57.50%, 54.76%, 52.38% and 52.38%) to antibiotics Methicillin, Erythromycin, Azithromycin, Cephalothin and Cefotaxime respectively. While equal resistance and sensitivity of the isolates to Oxacillin and Clindamycin by 50% for both, the showed weak resistance and high sensitivity to antibiotics Ceftriaxone, Trimethoprim, Gentamicin, Vancomycin, Tetracycline and Chloramphenicol (45.23%, 40.47%, 28.57%, 21.42%, 16.66% and 7.14%) respectively. Which indicates that the percent of resistant isolates to antibiotics was higher than the sensitivity and on this basis was the mind of the isolates with multiple resistances to antibiotics.
The viability of isolation 27 out of 42 belonging to the Staph. aureus was investigating as the most resistant to antibiotics on the production of ß–lactamase depending on fast standard iodine method, as showed 20(74.08%) isolate of its ability to produce enzymes versus 7(25.92%) isolates so unproductive.

Study the Effect of Different Ranges of Temperatures and pH on Pathogenic Fungi Growth


journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 14, Issue 1, Pages 1-11

The swabs were taken from toenails of active edges for the infected persons, who recorded in AL-Hussein education hospital in AL-Samawa city to study the effect of different ranges of temperatures and pH on pathogenic fungi growth Trichophyton rubrum and Trichophyton mentagrophytes which caused the onychomycosis for the period (2/7 – 28//2012) with 25 sample, and the study shows that increase of temperatures proportional with fungal growth, and average reached colonies diameters of fungus Trichophyton rubrum (69.44, 80.28, 86.01, 85.32, 78.36 and 61.33) mm in temperatures (25, 30, 35, 40, 45 and 50) oC respectively, and average reached colonies diameters of fungus Trichophyton mentagrophytes (65.11, 74.13, 82.59, 83.88, 71.41 and 56.07) mm in temperatures (25, 30, 35, 40, 45 and 50) oC respectively, and the study shows also that pH=6 the perfect for fungal growth, and average reached colonies diameters of fungus Trichophyton rubrum (19.22, 29.91, 59.26, 48.04 and15.55) mm in pH (4, 5, 6, 7 and 8) respectively, and average reached colonies diameters of fungus Trichophyton mentagrophytes (17.09, 26.33, 57.76, 44.55 and 13.71) mm in pH (4, 5, 6, 7 and 8) respectively.

Occurrence and source of some polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in surface sediment of Diwaniah and Daghara rivers /Iraq

Saad wali alwan; Mysoon mahdi saleh

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 14, Issue 1, Pages 1-16

The distribution and possible sources of 16 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were investigated in the surface sediments of Diwaniah and Daghara rivers in AL- Qadissiah province in Iraq during the period from March 2011 to February 2012, surface sediment samples were collected from four locations in Diwaniah, and Daghara river sited along rivers and other station on Hilla river which were branched from it. Sixteen PAHs were identified and quantified in sediments sample by High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Concentration of total PAHs ranged between (2.19--354.55ng/g dry weight)were recorded at St.1 on Hilla river during Aug. and St.5 on Diwaniah river through Mar. respectively. with annual mean concentrations of ΣPAH ranged between (37.4--90.7 ng/g) at Hilla river and St5 on Diwaniyah respectively. The maximum concentration of individual PAH were detected of Pyrene (96.9ng/g)at St.2 on Daghara river while some high molecular weight HMW such BaP ,IND and BkF no detected during some months . Compositional pattern analysis investigated that 2-3ring of individual PAHs was highest ratio in comparing with 4,5.6 ring whereas 6ring was lowest ratio in all stations. Diwaniah and Daghara rivers were moderately polluted by PAHs (∑16PAH=250-500ng/g) while Hilla river was slightly polluted (∑16PAH <250ng/g).
Diagnostic ratios suggested that possible source of PAHs were mixed sources among pyrogenic and petrogenic origin in the study region.
The results of current study showed that total organic carbon (TOC)in sediment sample ranged between (0.2-3.2%) at Hilla and Diwaniah rivers also respectively, Grain size distribution test illustrated that sandy nature was abundant in all stations. PAHs do not correlate with the particle size distributions but it significant correlated with the content of the TOC in sediment.

On Some Types Of N-functions

Sattar Hameed Hamzah Al-Janabi

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 14, Issue 1, Pages 1-20

In this work ,we introduce the definitions of some types of N-functions namely N-irresolute, strongly N-closed and N-perfect, and investigate the properties of composition, restrictions and product of each type. Also, we give the relation among them.

Antimicrobial activity of alcoholic and aqueous extracts of Corchorus olitorius leaves and seeds against some pathogenic bacteria and yeasts.

Huda Suhail Abid

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 14, Issue 1, Pages 1-12

The present study describes the antimicrobial activity of methanol and aqueous extracts with four concentrations of each one (50,100,200,400) mg/ml of Corchorus olitorius leaves and seeds were estimated against some types of pathogenic bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus cereus, Enterococcus faecalis, Escherichia coli, Salmonella typhi , Proteus vulgaris ) ,also against some yeasts (Candida albicans, Saccharomyces boulardii ,Saccharomyces cerevisiae), by using agar-well diffusion assay. All extracts exhibited varying degree of antimicrobial activity against the tested bacteria and Candida albicans, and this activity was increased with the increasing of concentrations belongs to them , while Saccharomyces boulardii and Saccharomyces cerevisiae showed resistance against all extracts .All alcoholic extracts (of leaves and seeds) exhibited higher degree of antimicrobial activity than the aqueous, also alcoholic and aqueous extracts of plant seeds exhibited higher degree of antimicrobial activity than the alcoholic and aqueous extracts of Corchorous olitorius leaves.

Ecological study of the phytoplankton in CD4A Drainage in Al-Diwaniya Iraq

Foad M. Alkam

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 14, Issue 1, Pages 1-13

The study involves phytoplankton in the main have been chosen The present study was conducted during the period of Desember 2011 to Ogust 2012 . The characteristics determined including :Temperature,light penetration, ph ,Dissolved oxygen and salinity. The number of species of phytoplankton taxa 143 species belonging to 58 genus as as Bacillariophycaea were the prevailing rate of 65.73%, and the rate of (94) species, followed by Chlorophytceae that recorded (28) species by 19.58% , Cyanophyceae by 13.28% (19) species and then Euglenophyceae 1.39 % (2) .the present study showed higher algal total count in spring in all studied stations the total number of of phytoplankton which ranged about)5218.9-267.9( x 103 cell/cm2 .

The ability of fungi Achlya & Saprolegnia in Biological Degradation for insecticide Diazinon

Majid Kadhim Aboud

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 14, Issue 1, Pages 1-11

The study aimed to investigate the role of tow fungi Saprolegnia sp. & Achlya sp. biological degradation of the insecticide Diazenon which widely used for spraying crops to get protect from insects. Tow fungi were isolated from water of the river Diwaniyah and study their ability in degradation of diazenon , inspected the used different pesticide concetrations is (20,40,60,80 ) part per million and different periods of time ranging between (2, 4, 6, 8) on the estimate of the quantity of pesticide remaining by using the HPLC study was also impact factors other of living biomass of the tow fungi biomass and the temperature and pH has proved the results the ability of lesser fungus Saprolagnia high in degradation of pesticide , which surpassed the ability of Achlya and pointed results to the biomass increase live increase the fungus ability of degradation , especially when 1600 mg , was more than the capacity of the degradation of pesticide either temperature, degree of 30 c° is optimal to degrade pesticide in the optimal value for the pH is at 7 , which gave the best results.

Evaluation of triple integrals with Continuous Integrands numerically by Newton-Cotes Formulas

Ali Hassan Mohammed

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 14, Issue 1, Pages 1-9

The main aim of this search is to derivation numerically new rule to find the values of the triple integrals, Its integrands continuous in region of the integration and derivation the errors (correction terms ) and to improve the results of the triple integrals we used Romberg accelerating method by depending on these correction terms that we found, this method (composition method of applying Romberg acceleration method on the obtained values of applying Mid-point rule on the dimension z and Simpson’s rule on the dimension y and Trapezoidal Rule on the dimension x, when the number of subintervals of interval of interior dimension equal to the number of subintervals of interval of middle dimension and equal to the number of subintervals of exterior dimension) such that , is the distances between the ordinates on the x– axis, is the distances between the ordinates on the y- axis and is the distances between the ordinates on the z– axis ,and we indicate this method by (RMST) , we can depend on it to calculate the triple integrals when it integrands continuous on the region of integration and give higher accuracy in the results by few subintervals.

Photo oxidation of (Azure A) dye by UV-enhanced ozonation :optimization and kinetics study.

Hassan Abbas Habeeb

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 14, Issue 1, Pages 1-15

The photo degradation of Azure A (AA) dye by using ozone as a stimulating agent with ultra violet radiation (O3/UV) has been studied. All dye solutions has been subjected to color removal. The study includes the effect of the concentration of dye solution, temperature, pH, air flow rate, and the light intensity on the degree of color removal. It was found that the increase in dye concentration leads to adecrease in removal rate. Also, the rate of dye removal increases with the increase in temperature. The activation energy reached (13.06 kJ/mole). Concerning pH is the removal decreases in acidic medium because the ozone doesn’t decompose to hydroxyl radicals. Contrastively, the rate of removal increases in basic medium because of the decrease of solubility of ozone and the formation of hydroxyl radicals. Another important result is that the rate of air is associated positively with the rate of dye removal. Lastly, it is noticed that the more light intensity increased, the more the rate of color removal increased. Generally , The ratio of the chemical oxygen demand (COD) increases with the increase of color removal. The maximum ratio of color and COD removal, that was reached (at 45 oC ), was 98.1% and 68% respectively.

Semi-Totally Semi-Continuous Functions in Topological Spaces

Hula .M Salih

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 14, Issue 1, Pages 1-13

In this paper ,we introduce and study a new generalization of continuity called semi-totally semi-continuity ,which is stronger than semi-continuity and weaker than semi-totally continuity is introduced and studied "Further ,some properties of these functions are investigated .Also semi-totally semi-open functions in topological spaces are introduced and studied.

Synthesis and Spectral Studies of Heterocyclic Azo Dye Complexes with Y(III) and La(III)Ions.

Suhad Shakir

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 14, Issue 1, Pages 1-17

Coupling reaction of 4-amino antipyrine with 2,6-dimethyl phenol gave bidentate azo ligand. The prepared ligand was identified by Microelemental Analysis, 1HNMR, FT-IR and UV-Vis spectroscopic techniques. Treatment of the prepared ligand with the following metal ions (YIII and LaIII) in aqueous ethanol with a 1:3 M:L ratio and at optimum pH, yielded a series of neutral complexes of the general formula [M(L)3]X3 (X= Cl or NO3). The prepared complexes were characterized using flame atomic absorption, (C.H.N) Analysis, FT-IR and UV-Vis spectroscopic methods as well as conductivity measurements. The nature of the complexes formed were studied following the mole ratio and continuous variation methods, Beer's law obeyed over a concentration range (1×10-4 - 3× 10-4 M). High molar absorbtivity of the complex solutions were observed. From the obtained data the tetrahedral structure was suggested for all prepared complexes.

Effect of Quenching Media on Corrosion Resistance of Al-Si-Mg Alloy

Abdulazeez O. Mousa Al-Uqaily

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 14, Issue 1, Pages 1-14

This study aims to preparing of Al-Si-Mg alloy and study the effect of quenching media (polymer solution and water) on the properties of prepared alloy such as corrosion resistance in 3.5% NaCl , surface roughness and microstructure. Also study the effect of addition alloying elements (Boron and Titanium) on above properties of prepared alloy. The results showed that improvement in corrosion resistance and surface softness of prepared alloys when addition of boron and titanium to the prepared alloy and when quenched in polymer solution. Optical microscopic results showed that the microstructure of prepared alloys when quenched in polymer solution consists of shape, size and uniform distributing for grains in comparison with the same alloys when quenched in water.

The study of Radioactivity in soil samples from region

Ali K. H

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 14, Issue 1, Pages 1-18

The soil is one of the most important sources of ionizing radiation posed to natural rights as the natural radioactive nuclides , such as uranium-238 series nuclides as well as a series of thorium-232 in addition to the isotope potassium -40 , exist in abundance in the soil which in one way or another affect on human health so it was the study of radioactivity in soil center region AL-Heara in Al-Najaf Al-Ashraf Government , in order to determine the effect of radiation on this soil and thus on human health. has been selected ( 20 ) locations sampling center of region AL-Heara and collected from each site two samples of the first sample from surface soil (0-5)cm and The second in depth(5-20)cm to be number of samples which assayed(40)sample and The gamma rays spectral measurements were done for all samples by using Iodide Sodium activated by Thalium NaI(Tl),its dimension3"× 3".
It was found that the radioactivity of potassium 40K , uranium 238U and thorium 232Th in the models studied between (13.12 ± 4.67) to (489.34 ± 8.14 (Bq per kg and average (275.76 ± 6.37(Bq per kg , (0.52 ± 1.16) to (31.17 ± 2.26 Bq ( per kg and average (13.44 ± 1.75(Bq per kg and (3.19 ± 1.06) to (44.79 ± 1.74 (Bq per kg and average (15.17 ± 1.19( Bq per kg , respectively , and indicated these results to The radioactivity within the permissible limits globally. The values of the Radium equivalent , absorbed dose , risk coefficients and annual effective dose of internal and external effectiveness and concentration coefficient with which the was calculated is within the allowable limits globally .

On Complete Convex Bornological Vector Spaces

Fatma Kamil Majeed Al-Basri

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 14, Issue 1, Pages 1-13

The structure of the complete bornological vector space has been studied and related concepts, such as quotient, product and direct sum of completion of bornological vector spaces. The study also implied concepts of Cauchy net in the basis of converge net in convex bornological vector space.

Synthesis and Characterization Chromogenic Reagent and Its Spectrophotometric Determination of Cu (Π)

Sumayha M. Abbas

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 14, Issue 1, Pages 1-7

A simple,Sensitive spectrophotomettric method was proposed for the micro determination of Cu(ᴨ) using the synthesized P-bis (4-chloro phenyl-imine) phenylenes (p-b(cpi)p). The method was based on the formation of (1:3) complex between the Cu(Π) and the ligand. The optimum conditions for the determination were established, The beer's law Was applicable in the rang (1-25)μg/ml. The complex has maximum absorption at 470 nm and molar absorption coefficient and stability constant of the complex was found to be ( 7.7×103 )L.molˉ¹.cm‾¹(4.8×107) respectively .The limits of detection and quantitation for the developed method are (1.12 ×10-2 )and (3.38 ×10-2 )µg ml-1respectively. The method was simple, sensitive, accurate and was successfully applied for the determination of copper (II).

Cloud Point Extraction for Separation and


journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 14, Issue 1, Pages 1-19

Copper(II) and Cobalt(II) preconcentrated and separated in different samples after complexation by 2-[4-Nitro phenylazo]-4,5-diphenyl imidazole (NPADPI) was presented with cloud point extraction method, are quantitatively extracted in TritonX-100 following separation. 5ml of ethanol was added to surfactant-rich phase prior to its analysis by UV-Vis spectrophotometry, All experimented conditions limited such as pH, concentration of TritonX-100, temperature, time of heating, stoichiometry for complex extracted ,as well as applications about determination quantity of Copper(II)and Cobalt(II) in different samples.

Synthesis New Metal Complexes (Fe(III),Co(II),Cu(II))with New Ligand of dithiocarbamate & Spctrophotometric Study of their


journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 14, Issue 1, Pages 1-15

This study involved preparation of new ligand as( ammonium( 4-amino antipyriyl -N-dithiocarbamate) (APDTC) was prepared by reacting of (1-phenyl-2,3-dimethyl-4-amino antipyrine) with carbon disulfide (CS2) in the presence of ammonium hydroxide .With this ligand, three metal complexes of Cu(II),Co(II) and Fe (III) were also synthesized under the established optimum conditions. A number of experimental techniques (such as IR, UV-Vis spectrophotometry, conductometry etc) were used to determine a crucial characterization and determination of the structures of these compounds. The data shows that the both complexes combin in molar ratio(metal ion to ligand) of 1:2 and the stability of the complexes were studies.The conductivity and magnetic susceptibility data reveals that the both complexes were non-ionic in DMSO and paramagnetic in their nature the chemical structures of the Fe (III) and Cu (II)complexes were also suggested.