Volume 13, Issue 4, Autumn 2013, Page 1-227


Effect of set size, nitrogen fertilizer and foliar zolfast in product active substances and nitrogen use efficiency (NUE) for green onion Allium cepa L.

A. A; Yaseen

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 13, Issue 4, Pages 41-57

The present experiment was conducted during the winter season of the year (2011 – 2012) in Department of Biology/ College of Education/ AL – Qadisiya University. The goal of the experiment was to find the effect of set size, nitrogen fertilizer and foliar application of zolfast on the product of active substances (Allicin, Quercetin and Folic acid) and nitrogen use efficiency NUE for green onion Allium cepa L.
The design of the experiment was randomized complete blocks (RCBD) with split-split plot in three replications. The main plot was the set size (small 1.1-1.6cm and large 2.1-2.6cm), the sub-plot was nitrogen fertilizer in three level (0,200 and 400 kg/ha), while the sub-sub plot was four concentrations of zolfast (0, 1.25, 2.50 and 3.75 ml/L). The Least Significant Difference (LSD) at 0.05 probability was used to compare treatment means, whenever treatments effects were evident.
The following parameters were measured during the study; leaf content of allicin, quercetin, folic acid, nitrogen uptake, NUE and root to shoot ratio.
Results showed that the use of small set was significant influence increased leaf content of allicin, folic acid and, while increased the leaf content of quercetin was associated with the large set. The set size not significant influence on the uptake of nitrogen.The increased nitrogen fertilization significantly increased leaf content of allicin, folic acid and uptake of nitrogen, while decrease leaf content of quercetin and NUE . Zolfast application were increased all parameters studied. Higher content of allicin, folic acid, nitrogen uptake and NUE, while the higher content of quercetin was associated with 3.75 ml/L zolfast . The double significant interactions were important in all parameters.
The interaction between factors included in the experiment revealed a significant effect on all parameters. The treatment combination 400 kg N/ha and 2.5 ml/L zolfast with the use large set had higher content of allicin and folic acid and higher uptake of nitrogen. The higher content of leaf quercetin was in the treatment 3.75 ml/L and large set without use nitrogen, the best NUE was in the treatment 200 kg N/ha and 3.75 ml/L zolfast and use small set.

Change Detection From Al-Diwaniya Government Since 2001 To 2006 By Using Mono temporal Change Delineation

Musawi; Hussein M .Ali Al

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 13, Issue 4, Pages 85-93

Monitoring and detecting changes of land cover and land use are very important in planning .Satellite data is an ideal tool to monitor changes on a regular basis. There are numbers of methods developed for using satellite data to detect changes .This study aimed to evaluate the potentials of one method is (mono temporal change delineation ) for Detecting changes from Al-Diwaniya government and surrounding areas during 2001-2006 using land sat 7 data with sensor (ETM+) .The study concluded that the method give good results in change detection.These changes were for vegetation increase or decrease and water .These changes are center in almost of areas of city specially the areas in east .these changes are dependent at two types of observables, the first is optical comparison and the second is the aigen values for bands of component images

Screening and Identification of melanin producing Actinomycetes

Samer M. Al-Hulu

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 13, Issue 4, Pages 42-48

Twenty-five soil samples were collected from Hilla city. Ten isolates of Actinomycetes were identified. These isolates were screened for melanin production. Out of these two isolates (Actinomycetes .2, Actinomycetes .5) were produce brown pigment on peptone- yeast extract agar. These isolates were cultured on tyrosine broth and found Actinomycetes .2 were able to produce melanin by formation red color. Actinomycetes .2 was grey aerial mycelium, yellow – brown substrate mycelium and able to ferment glucose, sucrose, fructose and xylose. Actinomycetes .2 isolate showed antibacterial activity against S.aureus, E.coli with inhibition zone (15,20)mm subsequently. Melanin was extract and showed antibacterial activity against S.aureus (18mm) and E.coli (19mm) and antifungal activity against C.albicns with 15mm inhibition zone.

Genetic and diagnostic study ofProteusmirabilisisolatedfrom urinary tract infection in children less than 5 years old in AL-Diwanyia city.

Azhar N. H. AL Mussawy

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 13, Issue 4, Pages 67-75

Two hundred of Urine samples were gathered for investigatingProteusmirabilisthat causes urinary tract infection (U.T.I) in children less than five years old ,These samples were divided into two groups (100 samples for children having (U.T.I) and 100 samples for non-infected children as control) .The results showed that the P. mirabilis was the mainly cause of 20% of (U.T.I) in children and in females the proportion of bacteria was higher (12%) than in males (8%) . The ability of isolations for producing Extended-Spectrum Beta-lactamases (ESBLs) enzymes was examined by using iodometric method ,and the results were positive for (ESBLs) inall tested isolates. These isolates were distinguished in producing some encoded gens for (ESBLs) enzymes ,From these were blaTEM and blaSHV by usingPolymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) . The results showed that all isolations hadblaTEM and blaSHVina ratio (100%)and ureC encoded gens for Urease in a ratio(100%).

THE COMBINED TEMIMI TRANSFORM-DIFFERENTIAL TRANSFORM METHOD FOR SOLVING LINEAR NON-HOMOGENEOUS PDEs

NOOR ALI HUSSEIN

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 13, Issue 4, Pages 117-125

In this work, a combined form of Temimi transform method (TTM) with the Differential transform method (DTM) will be used to solve non-homogeneous linear partial differential equations (PDEs). The combined method is capable of handling non-homogeneous linear partial differential equations with variable coefficient.

Preparation and Characterization of tetra dentate Schiff- base ligand with some its complexes derived from thiosemicarbazone and β-[P-(2-pyrimidyl Sulhamyl) phenyl azo)] Ketonilide (SDPA)

Layla. Ali. Mohammad

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 13, Issue 4, Pages 196-208

Anew series of transition metal complexes of Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II), Cd(II), and Hg(II) have been preparation and characterization using anew Schiff base (SDPAT) derived from anew azo dye were β [-(2-Pyrimidyl Sulphamyl) phenylazo)] ketoanilid and thiosemicarbazide were characterized by several techniques, including elemental analysis (C.H.N), molar conductance, magnetic measurements, electronic spectral, IR spectral studies and 1HNMR. The data show that these complexes have composition of [ML]X2 type. The electronic spectral, and magnetic susceptibility data of the complexes suggest square planar geometry of all complexes, and the ligand (SDPAT) behaves natural and tetra dentate manner, by coordination through the azomethane nitrogen atoms and sulffer groups of the thiosemicarbazide.

Incidence of urinary tract infection (UTI) among pregnant women in Al-Muthanna Province

Taisir Abdulelah kadhim

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 13, Issue 4, Pages 25-35

This study reported the incidence of urinary tract infections (UTIs) among 64 pregnant women (50 patients and 14 controls) conducted in AL-Samawa Teaching Hospital of Gynecology and Pediatrics, as well as the isolation and identification of the pathogens responsible for the infection. Significant bacteriuria is defined as greater than 1 ͯ 105 of the same bacteria per milliliter of urine. A total of 64 clean voided mid-stream urine samples were collected from pregnant women between the ages of 13-40 years. The results showed that the incidence of UTIs in this study population was 66%, and 33 bacterial isolates (20 single cultures and 13 mixed cultures) were identified based on colonial size, color characteristics, according to HiCrome UTI agar. The most predominant bacterium was Staphylococcus aureus (ATCC 25923) 12 (36.4%). This was followed by Enterococcus faecalis (ATCC29212) 4 (12%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (ATCC 27853) 2(6), Klebsiella pneumonia (ATCC 13883) 1 (3%), Escherichia coli (ATCC 25922) 1 (3%), and a mixed culture of Enterococcus faecalis (ATCC 29212) and Staphylococcus aureus (ATCC 25923) 8(24.2%), Escherichia coli (ATCC 25922) and Enterococcus faecalis (ATCC 29212) 2(6%), Staphylococcus aureus (ATCC 25923) and Klebsiella pneumonia (ATCC 13883) 2(6%) , Enterococcus faecalis (ATCC 29212) and Klebsiella pneumonia (ATCC 13883) 1(3%) . All bacterial species exhibited 100% susceptibility to Amikacin and Imipenem whereas showed 100% resistance to Ampicillin, Erythromycin, Cephalothin, Cephalexin, Augmentin, Kanamycin, Tobramycin, and Neomycin .

In vivo assessment of Immune Response to Pseudomonas aeuroginosa antigens

Rasha Hadi Saleh

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 13, Issue 4, Pages 1-7

Intrduction: The study of immunogenicity of pseudomonal antigens is essential for both diagnosis and prevention for Pseudomonas aeruginosa infections.
Aims: This study is aimed to investigate the immunogenicity of Pseudomonal antigens in experimental animals.
Materials and methods: Outer membrane proteins (OMPs) and Lipopolysaccharaid (LPS) were used as antigens and administrated into lab animals via I.V. and I.P route. The immune response was assessed depending on the titer of anti-pseudomonal-antibody and phagocytic index.
Results: The mean of anti-LPS antibody titer injected via Intraperitoneally I.P and I.V intravenous route were 80 and160 respectively, while the mean of anti -OMP antibody titer injected via I.P and I.V route were 320 and 1280 respectively as compared with antibody titer for control (non-immunized rabbits) which was 20. Besides, it was found that OMPs stimulate cellular immune response, since there was significant increasing in phagocytic index(P< 0.05) in rabbits that injected with OMPs via both I.P and I.V (12% and 13%) respectively as compared with control animals(9%), while there are no significant increase in phagocytic index (P˃0.05) in rabbits that injected with LPS via both I.P and I.V (8%) and(6%) respectively as compared with control animals (9%).
Conclusion: OMPs were found to be good immunogen, since it was able to induce both types of immune response humoral and cellular, While Lipopolysaccharaid (LPS) induced only humoral immunity

"Isolation and Identification of Staphylococcus spp. By using VITEK-2 System from Nasal and Ear of Healthy carriers"

Mohammed Z. Jassim

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 13, Issue 4, Pages 71-81

One hundred of nasal and ear swabs were collected from healthy students of Babylon university whose not suffering from any upper respiratory tract infection and have not received any antibiotics from the period of 1/1/2012 to 30/6/2012 .All the were cultured on suitable media .The positivity of culturing on Mannitol salt agar (selective media for Staphylococci) was 20% distributed as 14% for nasal swabs and 6% for ear swabs . When Biochemical and Serological tests were used for identifying Staphylococcus species ,the results showed that 45% of these isolates were Coagulase positive while 55% were Coagulase negative .Staphylococcus species were identified by using VITEK-2 : Staphylococcus aureus 45%, S.epidermidis 20%, S.capitis sub.capitis20% and S.cohni.sub.cohni 10% .Antibiotic sensitivity test for Staphylococcus isolates showed sensitivity for ciprofloxacin to all isolates while appeared resistant to Nalidixic acid ,Kanamycin and Gentamycine,in addition to that, most of Staphylococcus aureus isolates were resisted to Methicillin antibiotic .. .

A study of some immunological features in aborted women infected with Toxoplasma gondii and Cytomegalovirus in Hilla city

Samah Ahmed Kadum

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 13, Issue 4, Pages 62-70

This study was conducted to determine the role of T.gondii and CMV in cases of abortion in pregnant women and detect the possible association between the two infections. The occurrence of two pathogens in relation to the age has been studied. The infections reaching peak in the age group (25-29) years old .We found that the highest prevalence of Toxoplasmosis and CMV infection recorded for women in the first trimester of pregnancy. Sera and placental biopsies were collected from aborted and controlled women. Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) were used to assess the presence of specific antibodies against T.gondii and CMV in addition to the estimation of the concentration of INF-γ at systemic and mucosal levels to determine the humoral and cellular immunity. T.gondii and CMV infections and the synergism infections between two organisms induce both humoral and cellular immune responses both at mucosal and systemic levels.

Estimation level Immunoglobulin IgE by using kit of immuno electrographic and some parameters Humeral and cellular immune response for allergy patients

Ali M. Saad Al-khafaji

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 13, Issue 4, Pages 33-40

This study included the use of Rapid chromatography immunoassay for the qualitative detection of immune status in Allergy patients and vaccinations which gave for them. This study included (25)blood samples from different ages and sex with 5 samples as control . This study detection level immunoglobulin IgE by using IgE cascade and detection of vaccinations that’s gave for Allergy patients by using skin test , Which appears 36.5% infected with skin Allergy ,46.7% infected with bronchus Allergy and 16,8% infected with ENT( Ear, Nose and Trachea ) Allergy. This Results through five months only also this study included studied hemagglution between patients serum and red blood cells for human and sheep antigen.

Preparation and identification of some new compounds chalcone and new derivatives of 1,3- oxazpine

Nadia Sadik Majeed

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 13, Issue 4, Pages 181-195

Some novel heterocyclic derivatives such as Thazines, Oxazines, and oxazepine were synthesized from various Chalcones. The synthesized compounds have been characterized by Elemental analysis, FT- IR and 1H.NMR Spectroscopy . Thin Layer Chromatography were used to follow the chemical reaction, the Results proved correctiness of the chemical structures for the prepard derivatives .

Studying of Transitions symmetry shapes for 148-156Nd Isotopes using interacting boson model

Heiyam Najy Hady

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 13, Issue 4, Pages 90-105

The symmetry states structure of even -even 148-156Nd isotopes has been studied using the interacting boson model (IBM-1) .The energy levels , the electromagnetic transitions probability B(E2) and potential energy surfaces are analyzed which reveal the detailed nature of nuclei.
In this chain 148Nd nucleus have a transition characteristic between vibrational limit SU(5)& γ- unstable limits O(6) .
Different behavior shown by 150 Nd nuclei where the quadrupole – quadrupole interactions between bosons and the pairing forces were dominated while the studied structure band of nuclei 152-156Nd looks as distorted nuclei.
The predicted theoretical calculations were compared with the experimental data in respective figures and tables ,it was seen that the predicted results are in a good agreement with the experimental data.
In the framework of IBM calculations (46) new energy levels were determined for even -even 148-156Nd isotopes .This investigation increases the theoretical Knowledge of all isotopes with respect to energy levels ,reduced transition probabilities and potential energy surfaces.

Preparation of Microwave assisted of β-enaminone Derived from Bisdemethoxycurcumin

Wisam A.Radhi

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 13, Issue 4, Pages 151-161

β-enaminone was prepared by microwave assisted reaction between bisdemethoxycurcumin and ammonium acetate in presence of Montmorillonite (K-10) as catalyst. Reaction time did not exceed 60 s. The structure of product was established by 1H NMR, the spectrum is characterized by a singlet of one proton integral at 5.44 ppm which is assigned to the vinylic proton. The spectrum of 13CNMR is characterized by signal at 186.3 ppm which indicate the presence of carbonyl group. While IR spectrum characterized by strong band at 3419 cm-1 is attributed to the intermolecular hydrogen bonded phenolic group. Computational calculations using Semi-empirical method with PM3.

Spectrophotometric Determination of Silver(I) and Chromium(VI) by Using 2 – [ ( 6 – Nitro – 2 – Benzothiazolyl ) azo] – 4 , 5 –diphenyl imidazole As Analytical Reagent

Azhar A. Ghali

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 13, Issue 4, Pages 213-227

A simple , rapid and sensitive spectrophotometric method for the determination of silver(I) and chromium(VI) ions by using 2 – [ ( 6 – Nitro – 2 – Benzothiazolyl ) azo] – 4 , 5 – diphenyl imidazole (6 – NO2 BTADI) as complexing reagent. The (6 – NO2 BTADI) reagent gives intense pink colour when react with these in acetate buffer solution. The maximum absorbance observed at 566 nm and 570 nm for Ag(I) and Cr(VI) respectively. The molar absorptivity and sandell’s sensitivity for silver(I) and chromium(VI) complexes are 0.4898 × 104, 0.1182 × 104 L.mol-1.cm-1 and 0.0220, 0.0440 μg/cm2 respectively. The stability constant of 1:1 [M:L] complexes of Ag(I) and Cr(VI) are 0.3456 × 106 and 0.0796 × 106 L.mol-1 respectively. The linear range of 0.2-12.5 µg mL-1, 0.8-30 µg mL-1 along with limit of detection 0.11 µg mL-1, 0.77 µg mL-1 , relative standard deviation for seven replication measurements (4 µg Ag mL-1 and 15 µg Cr mL-1 ) of ( 1.30% ) and (1.62% ) ,and the recovery range of (99) and ( 97.54 ) were obtained for Ag(I) and Cr(VI) ions respectively. The developed method was applied for the determination of Ag(I) and Cr(VI) in spiked water samples.

Haematological Study for Women in Two Villages in Najaf Governorate

Nabeel Sahib Majeed

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 13, Issue 4, Pages 8-15

The present investigation was an attempt to obtain profiler of a major public health problem among women in the reproductive age group. On the basis of prevalence studies that ( 20 – 30 % ) of women suffer from anaemia .
The mean age of the women was ( 26.54 ± 8.45 ) years . The mean haemoglobin and PCV values were ( 12.71 ± 4.09 ) and ( 37.99 ± 4.47 ) respectively . Among the ( 610 ) women included in the study , ( 96 ) were pregnant at the time of the survey . The prevalence rates of anaemia among the pregnant and non-pregnant women based upon the haemoglobin values were estimated to be ( 36 - 46 % ) and ( 25 – 48 % ) respectively . The difference between the two values was found to be highly significant ( p < 0.001 ) . The corresponding haemotocrit values for the two groups were ( 35.72 ± 5.31 ) and ( 38.42 ± 4.30 ) respectively . When the relationship of two factors of age and parity was examined , it was found that there was a decline in haemoglobin level with increase in parity .
Blood film morphology : The hypochromic microcytic type of anaemia indicative of iron deficiency , accounted for ( 63 % ) of the cases where as among the nonpregnant women this was found to exist to the extent of ( 46.3 % ) . Haemoglobin genotype among the ( 610 ) women ( 108 ) ( 17.7 % ) showed evidence of sickle cell disease , a good majority ( 16 % ) carried the sickle cell anaemia . It was seen that in the case of subject with ss gene , the haemoglobin values ranged from ( 8.6 – 11.5 ) ( mean 9.65 ± 0.9 grams % ) where as those with As gene had heamoglobin values ranging from ( 8.5 – 16.2 ) ( mean 12.17 ± 1.65 grams % ) .

Testing seven classes of Rice to control the Fungi Fusarium solani by fungi Aspergillus niger and Nutrient elements

A.N.H.AL-Jouburi

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 13, Issue 4, Pages 1-7

This study was conducted to Testing the efficacy of fungi Aspergillus niger and some Nutrient elements(Iron Fe; Calcium nitrate Ca2NO3; Potassium sulphate K2SO4 ) to control pathogen Fusarium solani the results of study shown that the addition of elements with A. niger had been effects in rates of percentage germination was 91.8 ;88 ; 86.3% respectively comparison with elements only which was 76.6 ;78.1 ; 75.8% respectively, and also the concentration 0.5 mg for elements+ A. niger an effective in rates of percentage germination was 92.3; 94.4; 93% respectively .and on the level of classes register each of class Barnamj ,Forat, Barnamj the highest rates in percentage germination was 92.9;90.8;89.2% respectively. also the percentage germination was 100% in the treatments A.niger + Fe 0.5 mg for each class Abaa, Barnamj , Mushhab2, and A.niger + Ca2NO3 0.5 mg for class Abaa, Barnamj ,Anber33,Forat, Mushhab2and A.niger + K2SO4 0.5 mg for class Anber33,yasmin, Mushhab1. also effects these reflex in rates of percentage germination of seedling post-emergence damping-off for all the treatments was 9.99; 6.1; 5.1% respectively comparison to the elements treatment.

On Regular Generalized α- Quotient Mappings in Topological Spaces

Dunya Mohamed Hammed

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 13, Issue 4, Pages 126-138

In this work , we introduce a new type of quotient mappings namely ( regular generalized α- quotient maps ,strongly regular generalized α-quotient maps and regular generalized α*- quotient maps ) in topological spaces, and we study some of their properties and relations among them.

Prevalence of rubella among aborted and pregnant women in Wasit Province in relation to congenital anomalies in embryos and children

Rasha Noori Al-shammary; Samah Ahmed Kadum; Rasha Hadi Saleh; Nabeel Sahib Majeed; Abdul Amir Samir Saadoun; Taisir Abdulelah kadhim; Ali M. Saad Al-khafaji; Ghazi M. Al-Maliki; A. A; Yaseen; Samer M. Al-Hulu; Samah Ahmed Kadum; Azhar N. H. AL Mussawy; Mohammed Z. Jassim; Saad M. Potrous; Musawi; Hussein M .Ali Al; Heiyam Najy Hady; Salim dawood Mohisn; NOOR ALI HUSSEIN; Dunya Mohamed Hammed; Ahmed Sallal Joudah; Wisam A.Radhi; Nadia Sadik Majeed; Layla. Ali. Mohammad; Azhar A. Ghali

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 13, Issue 4, Pages 1-10

Serological examination to detect Rubella virus and ultrasound examination to known congenital anomalies in embryos among aborted and pregnant women blood sample of 367 and children blood sample of 41 was carried out in Al – Karama hospital and AL-Zahra hospital of Wasit province from June to September 2011 and January 2012. Overall prevalence of Rubella (positive cases) was 220 (53.9%). Prevalence of virus increased in age (23-29) and there were highly significant (P

Keywords

Subclass of P-Valent Functions with Negative Coefficients Defined by a Linear Operator with Differential Subordination

Ahmed Sallal Joudah

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 13, Issue 4, Pages 150-139

Making use of the linear operator J_p^m (λ,l),We introduce and study a subclass N_p^m (λ,l,α,A,B) of analytic and p-valent functions in the open unit disk U. We obtain coefficient inequality, neighborhood property ,extreme points and integral means inequalities.
2010 Mathematics Subject Classification: Primary 30C45, Secondary 30C50,26A33.

Effect of some pesticides and salt compounds in some fungi isolated from the seeds of two varieties of wheat plant

Abdul Amir Samir Saadoun

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 13, Issue 4, Pages 8-20

تضمنت الدراسة دراسة تاثير ثلاثة انواع من المبيدات وهي مبيد الفطري توبسن ومبيد النيماتود نيماكور ومبيد الادغال شيفالير واثنين من المركبات الملحية وهي بيكاربونات الصوديوم وكلوريد الصوديوم في بعض الفطريات المستخدمة في المقاومة الاحيائية والمعزولة من بذور صنفين من الحنطة هما تموز 2مصدق 1 وتموز 2 مصدق 2 والتي جمعت من مخازن شركة ما بين النهرين العامة / فرع الديوانية .
اظهرت النتائج التاثير السلبي لهذه المعاملات عند استخدامها بثلاث تراكيز هي 20,15,10 ملغم/مل للمركبات الملحية والتراكيز 20,15,10 ملغم/ 10مل للمبيدات في النمو الشعاعي وانبات ابواغ الفطريات المدروسة وهيPencillium digitatum Aspergillus niger , Alternaria alternata , وكانت اكثر المعاملات تاثيرا في الفطريات معاملة مبيد التوبسن تليها معاملة مبيد النيماكور وبيكاربونات الصوديوم ومبيد الشيفالير وكلوريد الصوديوم بالرغم من دور هذه المبيدات و المركبات الملحية في رفع نسبة انبات البذور المعاملة بها وخاصة مبيد التوبسن يليها معاملة مبيد النيماكور وبيكاربونات الصوديوم ومبيد الشيفالير وكلوريد الصوديوم
وتبين من البحث ان استخام المبيدات بانواعها المختلفة وكذلك ارتفاع نسبة الاملاح في التربة يؤثر بصورة سلبية واضحة في العديد من انواع الكائنات الحية التي تعيش في التربة وخاصة الفطريات المهمة في المقاومة الحيوية الطبيعتة Pencillium digitatum Aspergillus niger , Alternaria alternata , المتواجدة في التربة وترفع نسبة خصوبتها بزيادة تهوية التربة والمحافظة على توازن الاحياء فيها.

Control the Growth of Barnacles in Water Intakes at Electric Power Plants

Saad M. Potrous

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 13, Issue 4, Pages 82-89

Barnacles types of oysters rock, who lives glued to rocks and hard surfaces in aquatic environments, shallow and sites that have been submerged in the cases of the tide, ranging in length from 2 cm to 75 cm and recite the skin yellow and white and sometimes orange and red, this type of attached barnacles causes the cortical damage to ship and stations water desalination and thermal power plants to generate electricity from the nearby rivers and beaches as a stick to metal parts, including submersible metal parts.

The barnacles reproduce at points of pipes that carry river water to the condensers of electric power plants, leading to blockage between the period and the last and that the blockage of the tubes leading to the loss of power at Najibiyah, and Hartha power plants in Basra province and Nasiriyah in Thi- Qar province that the losses electrical energy estimated of 200MW.


A non-toxic insulating material composed of several elements is prepared to paint the submerged metal pieces in water to prevent the growth colonies of barnacles. Test of this prepared material was conducted on the half-coated iron plate and submerged in the waters of Shatt al-Arab at Al- Ashar and Fao regions for two months, It was found that the barnacles was able to establish colonies on the non-coated part of the plate, while the coated part was protected from growing of barnacles colonies.

Studies on pseudomonas aeruginosa in drinking water from water suppliers consumed in Basra.

Ghazi M. Al-Maliki

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 13, Issue 4, Pages 36-41

Forty samples of drinking water collected from water supplier´s consumed in different (10) regions in Basra city through six months at 2012 , have been analyzed bacteriologically. Pseudomonads members were selectively investigated and identified biochemically and showed as (14 %) . The majority of Pseudomonas spp. were found to be resistant to nalidixic acid, tetracyclin, ampicillin, and ceftazidim . The most effective antibiotics against Pseudomonas spp. were ciprofloxacin, gentamicin, colistin, and ceftriaxone. The high load of opportunists pathogen such as Pseudomonads in this study represents hygienic and quality challenge for consumed water , multiple antibiotic resistance detected among these bacteria might pose health significances, at least to some defined sensitive individuals, and should be considered properly.

A study of some immunological features in aborted women infected with Toxoplasma gondii and Cytomegalovirus in Hilla city

Samah Ahmed Kadum

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 13, Issue 4, Pages 1-10

This study was conducted to determine the role of T.gondii and CMV in cases of abortion in pregnant women and detect the possible association between the two infections. The occurrence of two pathogens in relation to the age has been studied. The infections reaching peak in the age group (25-29) years old .We found that the highest prevalence of Toxoplasmosis and CMV infection recorded for women in the first trimester of pregnancy. Sera and placental biopsies were collected from aborted and controlled women. Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) were used to assess the presence of specific antibodies against T.gondii and CMV in addition to the estimation of the concentration of INF-γ at systemic and mucosal levels to determine the humoral and cellular immunity. T.gondii and CMV infections and the synergism infections between two organisms induce both humoral and cellular immune responses both at mucosal and systemic levels.

In vivo assessment of Immune Response to Pseudomonas aeuroginosa antigens

Rasha Hadi Saleh

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 13, Issue 4, Pages 1-8

Intrduction: The study of immunogenicity of pseudomonal antigens is essential for both diagnosis and prevention for Pseudomonas aeruginosa infections.
Aims: This study is aimed to investigate the immunogenicity of Pseudomonal antigens in experimental animals.
Materials and methods: Outer membrane proteins (OMPs) and Lipopolysaccharaid (LPS) were used as antigens and administrated into lab animals via I.V. and I.P route. The immune response was assessed depending on the titer of anti-pseudomonal-antibody and phagocytic index.
Results: The mean of anti-LPS antibody titer injected via Intraperitoneally I.P and I.V intravenous route were 80 and160 respectively, while the mean of anti -OMP antibody titer injected via I.P and I.V route were 320 and 1280 respectively as compared with antibody titer for control (non-immunized rabbits) which was 20. Besides, it was found that OMPs stimulate cellular immune response, since there was significant increasing in phagocytic index(P< 0.05) in rabbits that injected with OMPs via both I.P and I.V (12% and 13%) respectively as compared with control animals(9%), while there are no significant increase in phagocytic index (P˃0.05) in rabbits that injected with LPS via both I.P and I.V (8%) and(6%) respectively as compared with control animals (9%).
Conclusion: OMPs were found to be good immunogen, since it was able to induce both types of immune response humoral and cellular, While Lipopolysaccharaid (LPS) induced only humoral immunity