Volume 10, Issue 2, Spring 2010, Page 1-188

The Adhesion of HDPE and LDPE to Copper and the Use Peel Test to Study the Strength of Adhesion Bonding

A.F. Essa

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 10, Issue 2, Pages 99-105

The peel test has been used to study the adhesion achieved between a high – density polyethylene (HDPE) and low – density polyethylene (LDPE) to copper by inserting in the molding steel die. The parameter employed to evaluate the efficiency of the adhered polymer to metal was the peel force. The peel force (F/b) was taken as the load per unit length during peeling. Adhesion efficiency represented by peel force in thermal oxide is generally low as the oxide is brittle and easy to fracture and in the chemical formation of matt black surface on copper , the (LDPE) exhibit higher adhesion efficiency than(HDPE) for the same surface pretreatment.

Synthesis and characterization some of α,ß-unsaturated aliphatic ketones derivatives

Abdullah J. Kadhim

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 10, Issue 2, Pages 52-74

Starting compound 4-(furan-2-yl)-but-3-en-2-one(aliphatic ketone) has been prepared by treating furfuraldehyde with acetone, which reacted with diethylmalate to give diketo ester(1), then converted (1) to corresponding pyrazole derivative(2) by reacted with (2, 4-dinitro phenyl hydrazine). Pyrazole derivative (2) reaction with hydrazine hydrate to gives acid hydrazide (3), then reaction of (3) with aldehydes (benzaldeyde) to yield Schiff base (4) and with ketones (acetopenone) to yield Schiff base (5). Schiff base (4) converted into oxadiazole cyclic (6) by reacted with acetic anhydride.

Fuzzy b-Compact Topological Spaces

Ahmad M. Rajab

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 10, Issue 2, Pages 123-132

The purpose of this paper is to introduce [6] and discuss the concept of b-compactness for fuzzy topological spaces .Also we introduce and discuss the concept of b-continuous function and b-irresolute function [6].

Spectrophotometric methods for the determination of mesalazine using p-dimethylaminobenzaldehyde and p-anisaldehyde

Dawood H. Mohammed

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 10, Issue 2, Pages 38-51

Two simple, sensitive and accurate spectrophotometric methods have been developed for the determination of mesalazine in pure form and commercial dosage form. These methods are based on the reaction of mesalazine with p-dimethylaminobenzaldehyde in method A and p-anisaldehyde in method B to form an Schiff base which is a yellow compound coloured complex species in glacial acetic acid which are absorb maximally at 442 and 370 nm respectively. Beer's law is obeyed in the concentration ranges 0.1-6.25 and 0.5-12.5µgml-1 with high apparent molar absorptivities of 4.6248×104 and 1.6539×104 for methods A and B respectively. The proposed methods are applied successfully for determination of mesalazine in commercial pharmaceutical formulation. There is no interference from the excipients.

Study of Humoral Immune Response and Prevalence of Enteric Adenovirus Causing Diarrhea in Infants

Imad H. Al-yassari

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 10, Issue 2, Pages 1-9

Human adenoviruses cause different infections depending on the serotype of the virus. serotypes 40 and 41 are called enteric adenoviruses because they cause epidemics of gastroenteritis in children two years old and under .
In this study we used rapid chromatography immunoassay for the qualitative detection of adenoviruses in human feces specimens . this study included the prevalence of infected infants with enteric adenovirus and without enteric adenovirus according to the age ,symptoms, severity of dehydration . study of humoral immune response by found the average level of immunoglobulin the statistical analysis appeared higher significant P<0.05 in acute infantile diarrhea with enteric adenovirus infection in comparing with acute infantile diarrhea without enteric adenovirus infection and control group . but it was no significant P>0.05 in acute infantile diarrhea without enteric adenovirus infection in comparing with control group.

Bacteriology and Epidemiology Study of Uropathogens Associated with Urinary Tract Infection in Children

Aamal Ghazi Mahdi

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 10, Issue 2, Pages 10-31

( 375 ) urine specimens were collected from children suffering from UTI contacting Educational Hospital of Delivery and children in Al Qadisiah city , and ( 50 ) urine specimens were collected from healthy children , ( 211 ) isolated were recovered from patient children and ( 4 ) isolates from healthy children , isolated bacteria from infected children contain :
Escherichia coli with ( 81 ) isolates ( 38.38 % ) , then Klebsiella pneumoniae ( 34 ) ( 16.11 % ) , Proteus mirabilis( 27 ) ( 12.79 % ) , Enterobacter cloaca ( 18 ) ( 8.53 % ) , Staphylococcus aureus ( 13 ) ( 6.16 % ) , Proteus vulgaris ( 12 ) ( 5.68 % ) , Enterobacter aerogenes ( 10 ) ( 4.73 % ) , Klebsiella oxytoca ( 4 ) ( 1.89 % ) , Pseudomonas aeroginosa ( 4 ) ( 1.89 % ) , Streptococcus agalactiae ( 3 ) ( 1.42 % ) , Enterococcus faecalis ( 3 ) ( 1.42 % ) , Morganella morganii ( 2 ) ( 0.94 % ) , while isolated bacteria from healthy children contain : E. coli with ( 50 % ) , Proteus mirabilis ( % 25 ) , Enterobacter cloaca ( % 25 ) .
Results showed there were ( 47 ) samples with percentage ( 22.27 %) given bacterial urine without pus and ( 164 ) ( 77.72 % ) with pus , and the highest percentage of bacteria causative of infection were recovered to E. coli ( 46.34 % ) and the highest percentage of bacteria without pus cell to Proteus spp ( 51.06 % ) . Study of epidemiological factors recovered percentage ( 53.98 % ) infection in female children and ( 45.86 %) in male , specimens with significant bacterial growth were ( 64.03 % ) and without significant growth ( 9.35 %) in female , and ( 47.09 ) specimens with significant bacterial growth and ( 6.39 % ) without significant growth in males, E. coli was predominance in female ( 43.84 %) and Proteus spp ( 30.86 % ) in males . The highest percentage of UTI infection in the age group ( 2-4 ) ( 40.28 %) with predominance of E. coli ( 40.74 % ) and the highest percentage of UTI infection ( 61.13%)in children of countryside ,while ( 38.86 %) to the town children with predominance of E. coli ( 38.75 % ) ( 37.88 %) respectively , and highest percentage of UTI infection in children ( 12.59 %) were recovered in July , while the lowest percentage ( 1.01 % ) recovered in December .
Results showed that Ciprofloxacin is reactively expensive when compared to most antibiotics used with percentage to E.coli (92.69%) , proteus spp. (85.17%) , klebsiella spp .(92.53%) , Enterobacter spp. (93.50%) , S.aureus (95.06%) , pseudomanas aeruginosa (94.64%) , S.agalactiae (100%) ,Enterococcus spp (100%), M.morganii (100%).There were no significant differences in Lactoferrin Concentration was observed between the healthy children and children negative UTI , whereas , the differences between UTI negative and UTI positive children was significant ( p<0.001 ) .
Results showed too that pathogen –specific antibody secreting cells ( ASC) were found in the blood of ( 77 / 81 ) children with UTI caused by E. coli , and predominance of IgM ( 67.53 % ) ,while IgA dominate ( 32.46% ) in this patients.

On Training Feed Forward Neural Networks For Approximation Problems

Luma. N. M.Tawfiq

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 10, Issue 2, Pages 133-146

In this paper, many modified and new algorithms have been proposed for training feed-forward neural networks; many of them having a very fast convergence rate for reasonable size networks.
We examine the similarities and differences between different training methods and compare the performance of training with each representation applied to the approximation problem.
In all of these algorithms we use the gradient of the performance function (energy function, error function) to determine how to adjust the weights such that the performance function is minimized, where the back propagation algorithm has been used to increase the speed of training. The above algorithms have a variety of different computation and thus different type of form of search direction and storage requirements; however none of the above algorithms has a global properties which suited to all problems.

The Cartan Matrix of Weyl groups

Mahdi S.Nayef

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 10, Issue 2, Pages 147-163

In this paper we calculated the Cartan matrices of Weyl groups of type An , Bn ,Cn and Dn ,and give four programs written by ( Visual Basic).

Anew algorithm for Encryption based on Application the Chaotic Key (EACK)

a Abdul Karim Nasir; Mais

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 10, Issue 2, Pages 164-188

Encryption is designed to provide confidentiality, privacy and encryption
images play an important role at the present time for use in modern data
communication and transfer of images across the network between the sender and the
recipient and storing images in databases and are confused by the encryption of
information in special ways, if any person is able Decoding this information then we
have we fail to achieve this goal. Current research presents a proposed technique for
coding images for the production of encrypted image is completely different from the
original image, the current method relies on the symmetric key encryption-based
picture of the transfers from the matrix during the preparation of the private key used
to encrypt the image and then transfers the application of sports, and use this key once
again to disengage encrypted image

Measurement the natural radioactivity of radionuclides that exist in some soil samples from different locations in Governorate of Karbala

Murtadha Shakir AL-Nafeiy

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 10, Issue 2, Pages 106-114

A method is used in the present work for the measurement of the activity concentrations for the natural radionuclides in six soil samples were collected from different regions in Governorate of Karbala by multi-channel gamma ray spectrometry NaI(TL) scintillation detector. All measuring were done for samples proved that existing the activity concentrations that returns to U238,Th232 and K40 series, and the ranges of these concentrations that we get for Ra226 ,Bi214 ,Pb214 and Th234 as follow (11.4 ± 4.69) to (73 ± 16.8) , (3.503 ± 1.618) to (42.295 ± 10.2) , (6.039 ± 2.206) to (70.933 ± 13.5) and (4.15 ± 2.27) to (17.885 ± 4.123) in Bq/Kg, respectively. While the highest decay concentrations series of Th232 (Ac228 , Bi212 , Pb212 and Tl208 ) as follow ( 38.313 ± 21.4 , 18.994 ± 9.25 , 11.347 ± 5.477 and 33.56 ± 6.04) Bq/Kg, respectively, as well as for K40 is equal to (589.616 ± 7.1)Bq/Kg. Results of the present study were concerns of Ra226 and K40 compared with the known levels of similar data for the other countries and founded with the

Recovery of fungi from water in general hospital of Diwaniyah city

Rana Saleh Al-Taweel

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 10, Issue 2, Pages 32-37

Water sources are known to harbor pathogenic molds. The prevalence of fungi was investigated in taps water samples in general hospital of Diwaniyah. To analyze the water a membrane filter method was used. Filamentous fungi were isolated from all samples taken, whereas yeasts were isolated from only 33.33% of samples. Prevailing species were Aspergillus flavus, isolated from 58.33%, Aspergillus terreus, from 50%, Rhodotorula glutinis, from 33.333% and Aspergillus niger, from 25% of the examined samples.


Waggas Galib Atshan

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 10, Issue 2, Pages 115-122

In this paper , we study and introduce generalization of two classes of analytic functions of complex order defined by using the Ruscheweyh derivatives in [8] . We obtain basic properties like , coefficient inequalities and radii of close – to – convexity , starlikeness and convexity .
AMS Mathematics Subject Classification : 30 C45 .
Key words : Analytic Functions , Ruscheweyh Derivatives, Complex Order ,

The Effect of Ellagic Acid Extract from Hibiscus Sabdariffa on Sera of Leukemic Patients

Wasan Abd Al-Karim M

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 10, Issue 2, Pages 75-85

Recent clinical studies have confirmed that ellagic acid (EA) , a naturally occurring plant polyphenol found in various fruits and vegetable, has exhibited anticarcinogenic activity in both in vitro and in vivo systems.
In the present study a light on oxidant- antioxidant status was sheded in 45 patients with two types of acute lymphocytic and myelocytic leukemia (ALL and AML) in addition to twenty healthy as control group .The work consist of two parts:
1- Extraction Part which included extraction and identification of EA from Hibiscus Sabdarilfa (HS) the terrestrial plants. The results were proved by thin layer chromatography (TLC) and UV-VIS spectrophotometry.
2- Clinical Part which included evaluation of some parameters in vitro studies in all leukemic patients compared to control group:
I- Evalution of malondialdehyde (MDA), lipid peroxidation marker, and caeruloplasmin (CP): The results illustrated significant elevation in both malondialdehyde (MDA), and caeruloplasmin (CP) in all leukemic patients compared to control . These elevation decreased to about normal values by treatment with 10 μL(10-5 M) ethanolic ellagic acid which extracted from HS. The effect of ethanol which used as solvent was found to be negligible.
II- Evalution of serum transferrin . A decreased in transferrin levels was found in leukemic patients compared to healthy subjects. The levels of TF elevated into normal values by treatment with 10 μL ethanolic ellagic acid.

Study the effect of some materials and plant extracts on Candida albicans that causes Vaginal Candidiasis

Saady; Amal T. Al

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 10, Issue 2, Pages 1-9

100 samples of vaginal swabs were collected from vaginitis patients in Al – Hilla city for period ( July – November , 2008) .
Candida albicans was identified as amain cause of candidiasis . It has the highest rate 67.7% in vaginal swab specimens . The percentage of C.albicans isolates affected with pregnancy , Oral contraceptives and Antibiotic therapy . Yeast sensitivity was tested toward Nystatine with concentrations ( 10 , 100 , 1000 µg / ml ) the concentration ( 1000 µg / ml ) has the biggest inhibition zone .We have studied the effect of sodium bicarbonate of C.albicans with concentrations ( 5 % , 10 % , 15 % ) . 5 % was the most effective .
The Ethanol ( 95 % ) extracts of three plants : Allium sativum ; Myrtus communis & pimpinella anisum L . have avariable effects against C.albicans growth . Allium sativum has highly effective .

Effect of different levels of Alhagi greacorum roots extract in treating patientS with renal caleuli and sands

Hassan H.H. AlAbbasi

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 10, Issue 2, Pages 21-31

This Study was carried out in Al-Hurrya district at Al-Najf Al-Ashraf Governorate on 20 male patient aged 35-40yrs. For period between 1/4/2008 to 15/4/2008. they divided randomly into 4 groups as following :
Treatment 1 (T1) control treatment where patient received 0 ml of roots extract, Treatment 2 (T2), Treatment 3 (T3)and Treatment 4 (T4) where patient receive 150,200 and 250 ml / day of roots extract respectively to study the effect of them on patients.
Results showed a significant increase (P≤ 0.05) in quantity of drain or swage with urine.
Treatment 4 (T4) was superiority with dropping sand which it reached 34.34 gm of sand compared with other treatments which have been given 26.88, 21.86 and 0.29 gm of sand for T3,T2 and T1 respectively.
The largest quantity of dropping sand in T4 was done in days 6-8, while it's done in days 7-10 in T2and T3.
Results also showed a significant increase (P≤ 0.05) in count and weight of stone crumed and dropped during the treatment with roots extract. The superiority was done with T4 which gave 39 stone with total weight 5.5gm in comparison with T3 (35 stones; 4.7gm). T1 and T2 have no stone dropped during the study.

The role of some biocide in the protection of rice seeds from the infection by two fungi Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus niger

Zahraa Y. Khudier

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 10, Issue 2, Pages 32-40

This study was conducted to estimates the adequacy of two biocides Bacillin and Floramyle in the protection of rice seeds from the infection by two fungi Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus niger upon storage for four months in store .
Where the results of the storage experiment showed that these biocides conferred good protection to the seeds from infected with these fungi upon storage for four months in store . The biocides concentration were important effects in limited activity to both biocides , into the concentration 40 gm/Kg seeds by biocide Floramyle was optaind completely protection for seeds from infection by the fungus A.flavus while the concentration 25 gm/Kg from biocide Bacillin was adequate to provide the same degree protection to the seeds from the infection by fungus A.niger .

Identifying of Active Components in Leaves, Stem Parks, and Flowers of Plantago Lanceolata L. and Studying their Antibacterial Activity.

Saddam H. F. Al-Ma; adhedi

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 10, Issue 2, Pages 65-74

Results of phytochemical screening showed some active components in leaves, stem parks and flowers plantago lanceolata L. like tannins, alkaloids, saponins, amino acids, steroids, phenols, glycosides and iridoid glycosides. The study also included measuring pH values for the aqueous extracts for the different three parts of plant such as leaves which is equal to (7.5) and for the stem parks which is equal to (7.2) while it is equal to (7.3) for flowers.The antibacterial study was performed for the aqueous extracts of leaves, stem parks and flowers against three types of pathogenic bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus , Escherichia coli , Pseudomonas aeruginosa) using Agar-well diffusion method. The results showed that the three aqueous extracts have inhibitory effect on bacteria used in the study specially against Staphylococcus aureus at the concentrations 1 , 10 , 50 , 100 mg/ml with the inhibition zone diameters of 7 , 9 , 15 , 20 respectively. Also, the study of the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) for the aqueous extracts was determined for the three types of bacteria. The study has shown that the aqueous extract of leaves revealed lowest inhibition concentration for Staphylococcus aureus with a concentration of 0.5 mg/ml.


Faris A. Al-Obaidi

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 10, Issue 2, Pages 10-20

The object of this research was to study egg production , quality characteristics and chemical composition of eggs from chickens experimentally infected by Literia monocytogenes . Eggs collected from 45 layer chickens which were distributed into three groups and each group to three replicates (15 layer per replicate) cosnsisted of T1 (control group free of infection ) , T2 and T3 were orally experimentally infected by 1x105 and 1x1010 (CFU ml hen of L. monocytogenes .Results indicated a significantl (P<0.01) reduction in egg production as numbers or percentages and egg weight during 42 days after infected by L.monocytogenes . The reduction in these characters increased as the infection dose increased , although no mortality in chickens appeared . The T2 and T3 groups significantly (P<0.05) reduced yolk weigh percentage and shell thickness while in the same time increased albumen weigh percentage at 15 days after infection compared with T1 and no differences in shell weigh percentage , haugh unit and yolk index were noticed during this study . No significant differences in the chemical composition of egg albumen among the three groups , whenas T2 and T3 groups compared with T1 significantly (P<0.05) increased lipid percentage and cholesterol concentration in egg yolk at 15 days after infection. That indicated of the role of L.monocytogenes infection to reduce production , some quality characteristics and increases lipid, cholesterol content of eggs.

Design and Maintenance the duct type Electrostatic Precipitator

Azhr Abdul Zahra

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 10, Issue 2, Pages 75-85

This research presents a mathematical programs of design and maintenance the electrostatic precipitator by using Finite Difference Method to solve Poisson’s and current continuity equation and Trapezoidal Rule to calculate electric field , The programs help in predicting the voltage-current curve of the precipitator which will be important tool to determine the collection efficiency of the precipitator, The program begins with the calculation of potential distribution and space charge in the program domain , the predicted results were validated against the experimental results. In this paper, the collection efficiency also calculated and the effects of the gas velocity, particles density and the space between plate and discharge electrode on collection efficiency are discussed

New Packages to Prolong the Storage Period of Phasedus vulgaris Pods at 4 °C

M.S. Hassan

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 10, Issue 2, Pages 51-57

This study was carried in the cold storage unit, Hort. Dept. and the laboratories of Plant. Prot. Dept. , College of Agriculture , University of Baghdad during the seasons 2005-2006 , to evaluate new packages to prolong the storage period at 4 °c . Results showed that the paper bags were among the best treatment to reduce total infection severity by fungi and to prolong the storage period up to 13 days. Less infection severity was reduced for Alternaria sp. . The treatment of cotton bags had the lowest infection severity of Aspergillus sp. Penicillium sp. did not appear in pods kept in stiroform boxes, while the genus Sclerotinia sp. did not appear in pods kept in both paper bags and cottony bags. The lowest weight loss percentage of 5.2% was in pods kept in cottony bags after 9 days from storage date. No physiologycal disorders were found in the treatment of cardboard boxes. Keeping pods on paper bags gave highest pod firmness value, on peeling off was found in the fruits as this treatment was characterized by maintaining the highest value of chlorophyll pigments (a , b and total) after 13 days from storage date.

Calculate of Impact Strength for Polyester Composites reinforced By Rock Wool Fibers(smooth and rough)

Nada A.al-hadi

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 10, Issue 2, Pages 97-101

In this research it has been calculating the impact strength on polyester composites
reinforced by rock wool fibers with two kinds (smooth and rough)، the results have been
shown that when strengthening the resins material by fibers and carrying out the same testing
conditions that the fracture energy for polyester specimens as a matrix less than the fracture
energy for composite rock wool. It is also noticed that the impact strength depends on the
structural properties of the fibers where the impact strength can be increased when the weight
is increasing of two kinds of the rock wool fiber.

Condensation of Salcylamide and Phenyl Aniline with Diformyl-3,4-Phenol to Synthesis of Aldemines


journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 10, Issue 2, Pages 58-64

In this paper, synthesis of two compounds of aldimines by condensation of aromatic aldehyde with primary amine and amino acid to study its activity and characterization in future research. The two compounds have been characterized by (T. R, Uv- Visible) spectra, elemental analysis (C. H. N.) spectra, melting points.

The effect of tea leafs and Cumin plant extract on some of isolated bacterial causes from baby stool with diarrhea

Wafaa abed AL-Wahad

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 10, Issue 2, Pages 41-50

One hundred specimens (100) from baby stool that regular visit to the deliver hospital that sum of bacterial have been isolated such as Shigella spp. Klebseilla spp. Salmonella spp., Proteus spp., E. coli and results in appearance causes E. hitolytica and fungal causes such as Candida and causes of higher rates for both E. coli and Salmonella spp. Bacteria that the study is briefly done on it, Since the rate was 55%, 30% for both E. coli and Salmonella spp. Respectively. In addition the study appear that the higher rates to infection in the stools specimens was in age (1-6) month. And in rate about 5%-10% in respectively and can be determine the effects of the antibiotics that affect on these bacteria that isolated or collected from stool specimens was sensitive to this antibiotic such as Klaforan, Nalidixic, Amikacin, and in good effects(better effects), Gentamycin in moderate effects, and finally the Ampicillin and Amoxicillin was bad response or less effects.
The study in addition including the watery excrete effects to tea leaf since was its effects very well on the bacterial specimens that belong to E. coli bacteria. And in the same effects on the Salmonella bacteria. While the Cumin plant it effects was less on the same Specimens.

ٍ ٍStudy on Effect of Annealing On Electrical Properties of TiO2 thin Film

am S. M

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 10, Issue 2, Pages 86-96

Titanium dioxide (Tio2) thin film was prepared by Spray Pytolysis Method (SPM). Glass substrates with (1 * 2.6 * 7.6) cm were used at (R.T)°C and seems to be One of the more important parameters affecting the physical properties of the semiconductor. Electrical properties such as conductivity ,. Then the effect of annealing on the conductivity is study. Furthermore, By used relation between Voltage and Current in Hall – effect the type transportations Charge is shown.