Volume 6, Issue 4, Autumn 2006, Page 15-268

Interstellar Extinction in The Galactic Plane


journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 6, Issue 4, Pages 187-203

The conceptual boundaries of life are rapidly expanding far beyond the confines of our planet to encompass an ever widening region of the universe. Complex organic molecules in the interstellar dust and comets appear most plausibly to be biologically derived, or at least closely related spectroscopically and structurally to such material.
The aim of this work is to study the nature of interstellar matter throughout galactic plane via comparison of stellar spectrum of reddened and un reddened stars of some spectral classes the galactic plane . Observations of three regions in the galactic plane were adopted via (IUE) and voyager data satellites .These observations are made through wavelength (3.2-10)μm-1.Extinction curve was compared with the microbial model ,the results show good agreement with this curve ,which explains the interstellar matter as a mixture of organic and inorganic particle of different size.

The complete Solution of the Linear second Order partial Differential Equations with constant coefficients

Assis. Prof. Ali Hassan Mohammed

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 6, Issue 4, Pages 230-250

Our aim in this paper is to get the complete solution of the second order
partial differential equations with constant coefficients which is general
formula 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 A z  A z  A z  A z  A z  A z  xx xy yy x y where z be the dependent
variable, x and y the independent variables, A (i 1,2,...,6) i are constants.

دراسة وبائيه للطفيليات المعوية في مستشفى الديوانية التعليمي.

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 6, Issue 4, Pages 113-125

The present study was carried out to in vestigate the prevalence of intestinal
parasites in man. The samples consisted of patients visiting teaching Al-Diwaniya hospital laboratories during the priod , from September 2002-September 2003.
2005 specimens were inspected; (1509) of them gave positive result . The samples were inspected by the direct smear method with the physiological normal saline to detect the trophozoites and cysts for the protozoa and eggs of worms .
The result of the study showed that the total infection percentage was (%75.2) . Six kinds of intestinal parastinal were indicated and they distributed in there categories .
The intestinal amoebae group which represented the highest infection percentage (%45.6) , the intestinal helminthes group (%29.6) , and the intestinal flagellates group (%24.8) .
Significant differences in the percentage of infection were noticed between the different ages . The highest percentage was registered in the age (1-10) years, and
(70-61) years. Morever ,sigistered differences were also noticed between males and females and between the city center and its villages and provinces at the probability
level (0.0.5) .
In all these cases, the percentage of infeection with one type was greater than infection with multiple type of parasites.

استخلاص إنزيم اليوريز وتصنيعه محليا من بذور فول الصويا لغرض استخدامه في تحليل يوريا الدم

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 6, Issue 4, Pages 179-187

This study tackled on of the important scientific & economic topics whic is the process of extracting the urease enzyme from the soybean seeds whic is grown widely in Iraq particulary in wassit goverment ( mainly in Al Dalmaj & Al Dujaili areas ) its also aimed at using this enzyme in measuring the rates of blood urea and urine urea of human beings . Since Iraq depends on urease enzyme which is imported and extracted from ( Jackbean ) and due to the permanent need of it in all labs of biochemical analysis in Iraq , So this enzyme had been extracted according to scientific procedure and made in lab kit which satisfied the need of the whole country
1. The soybean was taken from local market .
2. It was cleaned well from imperfeetions and extraneous substances .
3. Soaked for 15 minutes to get rid of husks .
4. Dried under 25 c for 24 hours .
5. grinded by an electrical grinder (whic care the temperature) .
6. Seived out by a sieve of holes with 425 mm diameter .
7. Acetone 99% was used to get rid of the oil in the amount of 4 part acetone to 1 part powder .
8. Magnetic blender was used in lab temperature to mix under 21 – 25 c for 15 minutes .
9. The residue was separated from the acetone and the dissolved oil by the cooled centrifugation .
10. The residue whic contained the enzyme was drid grinded saftenes by a glass mortar and then packed in small bottles with sccure caps 11 kept in a cool dry place for use the method of nessler was used in measuring the blood urea to extract healthy & patients ascending weights were used it was 10 , 20 , 30 , 40 , 50 , 60 ,70 .


Salim. H; Mohammad; Shakir Mahmood; Abdullah

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 6, Issue 4, Pages 78-88


Bacterial and Chemical content of two types of bottled drinking water and tap water were studied in Basrah city. It was found the bacteriological content of all the water samples agreed with Iraqi standard concerning the aerobic plate count, total coliform, Staphylocossus aureus and Salmonella Also found that there was no change in quality of bottled drinking water during storage for one year at 18c. because there was no big increased in the Aerobic plate count during period of storage. Chemical quality of bottled drinking water agreed with chemical iraqi standard but samples of tap water were higher than the Iraqi standard in most chemical requirements.

تقويم استخدام الشبكات العصبية الاصطناعية في تطبيقات الاتصالات

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 6, Issue 4, Pages 257-268

Artificial Intellagent is an important field of science Nowadays, it has many important techniques as Artificial neural Network (A.N.N.) which used the information available about human brain[1].
The researchers in this field aimed at emploied this AI Techniques to serve humanity.
Communication systems play an important rule in the information revolution, where the application part of the communications system used such techniques in
1) Error control system in Data transfer.
2) Digital Switching System
3) Signal Processing
4) Cipher System
5) Data function
6) Other applications.

استخلاص البكتريوسين الخام المنتج من Lactobacillus acidophilus وتأثيره في عملية التحول اللمفاوي

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 6, Issue 4, Pages 88-95


Crude bacteriocin was extracted from local isolate of Lactobacillus acidophilus . Different concentrations 50, 100, 250, 500, 1000 g /ml of bacteriocin were prepared . The was experimented on viability of human lymphocytes , It was found that there is no toxic effect of bacteriocin on these immune cell.
Three concentrations 250,500,1000 g /ml were selected to investigate the effect of crude bacteriocin on human lymphocyte transformation . All concentrations of bacteriocin were induced proliferation lymphocytes .

Seasonal Study of Some Physical Pollution Indications in Waters of Al-Khandaq and Abu-Mugheera Rivers in Basrah.

Abbas Dawas Matter Al-Maliki; Sahir Abd-Al-Rudha Ali Al-Shamkawi; Mohammad Ajja Odah Al-Hussainawi

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 6, Issue 4, Pages 15-23

A Seasonal study was carried out for investigation of effect of some chemical and physical pollution indications on waters of Al-Khandaq and Abu-mugheera Rivers in Basrah in summer and and winter in 2002-2003.
Spectrophotometric methods were used for determination of levels of nitrate , nitrite and silicate , and titration method for chloride , where the concentrations were found to be in the ranges (0.48-1.13 , 0.08-0.41 , 0.01-0.21 , 682-873ugml^-1) respectively in Al-Khandaq River , and in the ranges . (0.52-1.23 , 0.10-0.44 , 0.07-0.26 , 791-986ugml) respectively in Abu-Mugheera River.
The maximum conc. of nitrate , nitrite , silicate and chloride were found in winter (January) , summer (July) , summer (August) and summer (August) to be (1.23 , 0.44 , 0.26 , 986ugml) respectively in Abu-Mugheera River.
Air and water temperatures were studied , also the PH values were recorded where it was found that Al-Khandaq and Abu-Mugheera Rivers have alkaline waters.

Theoritical Generalized For Indeterminate Coefficients Method

Dr.Abd AL-Hameed; Dr.Emad Abass Kuffi

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 6, Issue 4, Pages 213-217

Abstract :-

As it has been mentioned by D.R.Merk in [1994] that the method of indeterminate coefficients for constructing a Liapunov function is not a suitable for every problem.A new theory given in[2] and in this paper , we generalized this idea in which is applicable for more extended problems. The proof of this idea is given with example.

Clinical – Physiological Study about the Dusty Residual Pollutants of the Private Sector Generator Electricity on Human

PH.Dr.A.U.Hassan; M.Sc.H.Kh.O.Al-Mayali; Mr.k.j.Al-Khalidy

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 6, Issue 4, Pages 24-28

Results of now study are explaining that the electricity generator of private sector have been an negative effector on the most important clinical phenomena and blood and clinical chemistry parameters at human, increasingly or decreasingly. Those phenomena concentrating at a type of sensitivity in eyes, skin, and bronchial system. In addition there are a weakness, dryness, paleness of skin and a singes of coughing were found. According to the blood parameter, the RBC parameter decline to being (4.15 x 10 6/ mm3)at adults,and(4.4x106 / mm3 ) at Childs. In addition the value of white blood cell parameter increased to (12.5 x 10 3 / mm3) .
From the other hand, clinical chemistry parameters fluctuated in their level to decline at most of them, so prtein and cholesterol falls to being (59.6, 3.1 mmol/L) at all ages respectively. While the value of chloride and sodium fall down to being(81.1;122.8 meq/L) at adults, (80.2;119.9meq/L) at childs, respectively. Sugar seems to have been fluctuate in its tolerance ability . So,all those changes assisted directly in retardation human hyagiene and getting of secondary infections, concentrated at higher part of respiratory tract.

Effect of cultivar, Potassium soil fertilization and Zinc spraying on some parameters and yield of Rice

A. W. Al- Abood; A. O. Hajeri; T. K. Merza

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 6, Issue 4, Pages 53-59

An experiment was conducted at Al- Mishkhab Rice Research Station for growing season of 2001. The aim was to study the effect of three cultivars of Rice, viz. (Al- Somood, Yasmin and Al- Bernamag 4) and Fertilization levels (Soil application by K as K2SO4 and foliar application by Zn as ZnSO4.7H2O), 8 treatments were used: 1. Control: with out any fertilization. Neither K nor Zn application. 2. K as K2SO4 at rate of 30 Kg D. 3. 0.5 Zn as ZnSO4.7H2O. (0.5 g L. water). 4. 0.5 Zn + K. 5. 1.0 Zn at conc. of (1.0 g L. water). 6. 1.0 Zn + K. 7. 1.5 Zn at conc. of (0.5 g L. water). 8. 1.5 Zn + K.
A factorial experiment was used with two factors. Treatments were spread as Randomized Complete Block Design (R.C.B.D.) with three replicates. Duncan's Multiple Range Test was used to compare means at probability levels of 5%. Experiment was included studying six chemical components in leaves, i. e. chlorophyll a and b, proline, carbohydrates, potassium and zinc, besides, the weight of 1000 seeds and productivity. Results can be summarized as fellows:-
1. The best fertilizer combination for K and Zn, when K adopted into the soil at a rate of 30 Kg D. and Zn sprayed at a conc. of (1.0 and 1.5 g L. water). These combinations produced the highest values for leaves chemical components of plant cultivars, except (Zn 1.0) that produced the highest praline content.
2. Chlorophyll a and b; Potassium and Zinc contents had no significant effects by cultivars. Meanwhile, Yasmin and Al- Somood cvs. produced the highest contents of proline and carbohydrates, respectively. Al- Somood cv. also produced the highest weight of 1000 seeds and productivity reached (1496.35 Kg D).
3. The interaction between Al- Somood cv. And fertilization by K and spraying by Zn. at conc. of (1.0 g L.) produced the highest productivity (1745.0 Kg D.). The productivity for the three cvs. with fertilization levels ranged K+Zn 1.0, Zn 1.5 and K+Zn 1.5 produced the highest productivity and the interactions between the cultivars and these three fertilization levels were insignificant

التغيرات في بعض المعايير الدموية المصاحبة لداء السكري غير المعتمد على الأنسولين في محافظة القادسية

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), Volume 6, Issue 4, Pages 43-52


This study aimd at determinating some of the physiological and biochemical changes which occur in the blood parameters for diabetic patients of Non- Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus , and compare the results with control group . This study included (50) males were distributed as follows : (30) males of the Non- Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus patients , (20)healthy males who served as the control group .
The results were appeared no significant change in the rate of red blood corpuscles of diabetic patients for Non- Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus as compared with the control group .
The study was noticed presence of significant increase ( p< 0.05 ) in total leukocytes count , the percentage of neutrophils and acidophils , total cholesterol concentration , triglyceride concentration and total protein concentration of diabetic patients for Non- Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus as compared with the control group .