Volume 6, Issue 1, Winter 2006, Page 1-215


Determination of Lead in Hair and Nails of Electrical Generators Workers in Hilla City

A.A.Al-Kuramy; M.M.Al-rufaee

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), 2006, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 93-109

Abstract
Lead is one of the most important and widely distributed pollutants in the environment, the major sources of lead is bathtubs (cast iron, porcelain, steel), batteries, dust, paints, pesticide industry and tetraethyl lead Pb ( C2H5 )4 as an antikoncking in petrol.
Lead concentration was determined in (30) samples collected from hair and nails of electric generators workers, and (10)
A.A.Al-Kuramy M.M.Al-rufaee
Univ. of Babylon. Univ. of Kufa
College of Science College of Science
العذد الخبص ببحوث البيئة وبحوث المؤتمر العلمي لسنة 6002
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samples as a control by using atomic absorption spectrophotometry.
The average of lead concentration was found to be (2.43 x 10-2 ppm) in hear and (2.02 x 10-2 ppm) in nails, the correlation factor between period time (year) and lead concentration was (r = 0.8131), (r = 0.0578) in hair and nails respectively and the period time was between (1 – 9) years at (8) hours (day).

Effect of copper sulfate on some soil fungi isolated from AL- Qadisiya District fields

Ihsan. F. H . AL- Jawhary

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), 2006, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 1-9

Abstract
Four fungi isolated from the rhizospher of Vicia faba in the fields of AL-Qadisiya district, were selected for their variable resistance to toxic copper sulfate at the range of 25 , 50, 100 ppm concentration . These fungi were Rhizopus stolinifer (high tolerance ), Aspergillus niger , Trichoderma harzianum (Moderate tolerance) and Fusarium solani (low tolerance). In regard to the effect of copper sulfate , it was found that the growth of R.stolinifer no affected as compared with the comparison control in solid media (P.D.A) with the added copper sulfate, but the growth of A.niger decreased with 50 ppm concentration copper sulfate
and the growth of T.harzianum decreased with 25 ppm concentration
copper sulfate , but the growth of F.solani inhibited with three concentration of copper sulfate . The result fave shown that the copper sulfate activated the dry weight of mycellium of R.stolinifer ,A.niger with three concentration of copper sulfate in the liquid media, but the dry weight of mycellium of T.harzianum activated with 25, 100 ppm of copper sulfate and decreased with 50 ppm concentration. In the same time the result have shown that the dry weight of mycellium of F.solani was activated with 25 ppm concentration , but inhibited with 50, 100 ppm concentration .
Introduction

Effect of the pollution produced by generators in som biochemical parameters in workers

Ihsan Resan Ibraheem; Faag Fateehallah; Bassam Furoon

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), 2006, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 30-39

Abstract
Electric generators used widley in all places in Iraq which producing some chemical pollutants to enviroment . This study aimed at knowing the effect of these pollutants in some biochemical parameter in the workers of generators.
The randomal samples were taken from workers of the generators ,while a control group consisted from presons when lived in regions far away from generators . The samples of blood were collected to measures the biochemical parameters which involved total serum protein , total cholestrol and glucose concentrations .
Results showed nonsignificant increase (p> 0.05) in glucose concentration in workers in comparsion with a control group , while there werenot any sigificant differences (p> 0.05)in the concentration of total cholesterol and total protein in the wokers in comparsion with control group .

Pollution of plants by lead from power generators in Diwaniah City-Iraq

Bassam F.Abed; Faiq F.Karaam; Luma A.Sagban

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), 2006, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 110-118

Abstract
In recent years domestic Power generators in Iraq became the backbone for electric power in Iraq. In this work the concentration of lead has been measured in plants that in exposure to the smoke of exhaust of domestic power generators. Specimens have been taken from different type of plants in different distances (very close, far in 10m and very far (control)) from the domestic power generators.
By using atomic absorption spectroscopy lead concentrations has been measured, lead in distance (very close, far in 10m) shows a higher concentration than lead in control plants.

Natural Iraqi Mineral Clays , Doping with Chromium Oxide Gel , Characterization and Application in Solid Phase Extraction

Regab Awad Buker

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), 2006, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 119-134

Abstract
Natural Iraqi mineral clays , treated chemically and physically , have been doped with chromium oxides and investigated using powder X-ray diffraction , X-ray Fluorescence , thermal analysis , infrared spectra ,and technical instrumental analysis . Results indicate the presence of penta chromium oxide associated with chromium trioxide supported on clay minerals . The observed physical properties evaluated the scientific and economic utilization of those samples to be applied in solid phase extraction technique as adsorbents to separate Iraqi heavy crude oils into their simple components . Infrared and nuclear magnetic resonance spectra have been applied to study the chemical composition of the separated fractions .

Separating Column of Sand and Activated Charcoal for the Removal of Pollutants in Discharging Effluents from Diary and Soft Drinks Industries in Basrah City

Saleh M. K. Al-Ta; Faris J. M. Al-Imarah

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), 2006, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 188-200

Abstract
In this study filtration column of filtration sand and granular charcoal was used for treatment of discharging wastes from diary and soft drinks industries in Basrah city. Chemical, physical and biological analyses were done for samples before and after filtration to evaluate the ability of pollutant removals from the waste discharges which detected by percent removal of each pollutant. The highest removal percent were recorded for TSS in the range 92.2 and 72.5% for diary and soft drinks wastes respectively, and for BOD5 in the range 78.1 and 85.3% for diary and soft drinks wastes respectively. The lowest removal percent were 16.20% for phosphate from diary waste and 26.20 % from soft drinks waste. For trace metals the highest removal as 100 % was for lead from the discharge of both industries, while the lowest were for manganese in the range 50 and Zero % from the discharge waste of diary and soft drinks industries respectively. On the other hand bacteria were increased due to long flow time through the column.

Fractal Koch Dipole Antenna

A.B. Shaalan; M. A. Z. Habeeb

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), 2006, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 81-91

Abstract:
It is well established that fractal geometry is of benefit in the design of antennas in general and dipole antenna in particular. The benefit of using fractal Koch as a dipole antenna is to miniaturize the total height of the classical antenna at resonance.
Calculations based on fractal geometry are made for the classical dipole antenna. Results indicate that it is feasible to reduce the total height of the classical dipole and improve the matching properties represented by (SWR) ratio, while the gain and directivity remain slightly constant.

Evaluation of Efficiency Genetic Mutations at Cellulomonas gelida In Stimullating of Cellulase System

Ali .A . R.Al-Nashe

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), 2006, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 201-215

Summary
The aim of this study was evaluation of efficiency of some mulation strains Cellulomonas gelida in their cellulase activity in solid and lequid cellulose media .These mutations were stimulated by chemical and physical technique.
The mutational strains of this bacteria appeared best cellulase activity compared with original bacteria .
On solid cellulose medium the cellulase activity has been cleary through meserment of radial of soft region that empty of cellulose were been in 4th days of incubation: (24 , 27,23,27,30,26) mm .For (MCA1,MCA2,MCA3,MCB1,MCB2,MCB3) respectively.Where the redial of this region was 18 mm in original strain .It was seemed the cellulase activity of these mutation strains in lequid cellulose medium were different behavior and types , also different in periods of appearing with differents of these stains The strains (MCB2 and MCA2) had been higher Endoglucanas activity 6.3 and 6.6 (IU) in 2nd and 3rd days respectively. The strains (MCB1 and MCA3) had been high Exoglucanase activity 0.5 and 0.55 (IU) in 2nd and 3th day respectively.
The strains (MCA3 and MCA2) had been higher B-glucosidase activity (0.82 and 0.97)IU in 2nd and 3th days respectivily
The study appeared that Endoglucanase and Exoglucanase were Exocellular enzymes glucosidase found cell wall linked enzyme or -which found free in culture while Bendocellular enzyme .

Ultraviolet Interstellar Extinction In The Small Magellanic Cloud

ALI ABD AL SATAR; MUWAFAQ F. JADOO

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), 2006, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 10-20

Abstract:
It is shown that available and ultraviolet data relating to the interstellar dust are elegantly explained on the basis of modified microbial model. The microbial grain model developed by Fred Hoyle
11
and Chandra Wickramasinghe can be fitted well to the normalized extinction of SMC . Which explains that microbial model is responsible for the behavior of interstellar extinction in this region.

Environmental Parameters of Discharged Effluents from Diary and Soft Drinks industries in Basra City and their Effect upon Water properties of Al-Jubailah Creak and Shatt Al-Arab River.

Faris J. M. Al-Imarah; Salih; M. K. Al-Ta

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), 2006, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 188-200

Abstract:
A study has been conducted to investigate the properties of water effluent from food industries in Basra City and their effect upon Al-Jubailah Creek and Shatt Al-Arab River. Water samples were collected from six sites of water discharges from Diary and Soft Drinks factories as well as middle and discharge of Al-Jubailah creek to Shatt Al-Arab, and three stations along Shatt Al-Arab itself on of which represented as control at Al-Sindibad island.
العدد الخاص ببحوث البيئة وبحوث المؤتمر العلمي لسنة 2006
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Parameters analyzed were: temperature, turbidity, total dissolved solids, total suspended solids, pH, biological oxygen demands, calcium, magnesium, total hardness, chloride, bicarbonate, sulfate, phosphate, nitrate, oil and fat. Trace metal recorded were: cadmium, cupper, iron, manganese, nickel, lead and zinc. The biological analysis included: Total bacteria count and Total feacal coli form. Statistical analysis indicated presence of significant differences among all studied parameters of sampling stations for both seasons, while there were none significant differences among seasons.

Estimation of fixed dintrogen level for some isolates of Azotobacter vinelandii from soils

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), 2006, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 21-29

Abstract
This study aims to estimate atmospheric dinitrogen that fixed by Azotobacter vinelandii bacteria that isolated form selective soils.
Four isolates were obtained and diagnosed from soil samples which collected from Ap horizon for four soils from different agriculture regions in Baghdad governorate by using selective culture medium for Azotobacter vinelandii to obtain pure isolates the diagnosing was done according to Bergyes manual examinations (8th ed.).
The results showed that the fixed nitrogen for the isolates of Azotobacter vinelandii in in vitro experiment was ranged from ( 7.0 – 17.8 ) mg of nitrogen for 100 ml of free nitrogen medium .

د ا رسة تحميمية لقياس مدى التموث البيئي لمياه نير الديوانية ببعض العناصر النزرة الناتجة مف معمؿ نسيج الديوانية

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly), 2006, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 66-80

Abstract
The concentrations of some trace elements coblat, nickel, lead, mercury cadium, copper and Iron as well as PH value and the conductivity were derermined in the samples of water which in put and out put (waste) from AL-Daiwaniya textile factory and the effect of it on the AL-Daiwaniya river water which is nearest from the factory through one month .The concentrations of above elements were determined in the samples by two motheds. The flame Atomic absorptuon spectrophotometery and the spectrometery mothed which is sutiable for each ion and making Analytical comparative between them from some analytical values like correlation coefficient(r) ,relative standard error Erel% ,recovery value Re% and relative standard deviation RSD% for each ion. It is found that the frist mothed is more accurcy for measuring the all elements concentrations excapt measuring of Iron. From resultes we show that the Lead element is more concentration among other elements which was the middel concentration was (3.3ppm).The coblat element is less concentration from other elements which was the middel of it concentration was (0.043ppm) in the waste water samples and other elements have concentration between them in the different samples.We shown the increasing on the acidity and Conductivity for waste samples as comparative with the other samples which were PH between (6.5-7.2) and the Conductivity from the instrument directly in between (1210-1913)ms/cm and the measuring was making at the room temperature .